Simple And Complex Carbohydrates

1333 Words3 Pages

Define glucose, fructose, sucrose and lactose and distinguish between simple and complex carbohydrates. Glucose- is the primary energy source for the body, and it also the most important monosaccharide. Fructose- is also a monosaccharide and also the sweetest natural sugar. It’s found in fruits and honey. Sucrose- is a disaccharide formed by linking fructose and glucose. It’s also known as simply sugar. Lactose- is a milk sugar because it’s found in milk. It’s a disaccharide in milk and milk products, it’s also slightly sweet. Simple carbs includes sugars that naturally occurs in foods like sugars in fruits or sugars in honey, and other sugars that are added in foods. Complex carbs are made of chains of sugars like in starch and fiber. …show more content…

It doesn’t form gels and bacteria are less likely to be able to digest it. It’s found in whole grains, legumes, wheat bran, and other fruits and vegetables. Summarize the functions of carbohydrates and describe how glycogen functions in the body. Carbohydrates are the main source of the body’s energy. Most of the carbs people eat are converted into glucose sugar in the body. The cells can burn protein and fat for energy. It would use the glucose sugars to burn off first since it’s the most efficient energy source. Glycogen in the glucose from foods that is stored in the body. It’s stored in two places of the body, the liver and the muscles. Blood sugar glucose starts to dip and more energy is needed, the liver converts glycogen into glucose sugars. Then glucose would then be delivered by the bloodstream into the cells. Describe how carbohydrates are digested and absorbed and how the body regulates glucose in the …show more content…

Lipids- A group of fatty substance including fats, oils, and cholesterol that provide a rich source of energy and give structure to the cell. Triglycerides- Are the major form of lipid in food and in the body. Fats- A lipid that is solid at room temperature. It usually comes from fat from animals sources like beef fat or butter fat. Oil- Is a liquid at room temperature and is generally comes from a plant origin. One function of fat keeps the body to be warm. Fats are also a way to provide the body to have energy. It also carries some vitamins in the body and also help with absorption of the vitamins. Also some fats can also carry some fatty acids in the body as well. Define saturated, trans, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fat and list foods in which each one is found. Saturated fat- Is a triglyceride made of mostly saturated fats. Monounsaturated fat- Is a triglyceride made of mostly monounsaturated fats. Polyunsaturated- Is a triglyceride made of polyunsaturated

More about Simple And Complex Carbohydrates

Open Document