Behavior Modifiers Of Behavior

1005 Words3 Pages
Behavior Modification
Yvonne Gardea
Clovis Community College

Behavior modification enlists several techniques to obtain a behavior as well as principles of operant conditioning. Behavior definitely can be modified to an individual’s desires, through specific techniques resulting in either good or bad consequences. There are two primary modifiers of behavior which include reinforcement and punishment. Behavior modifications has been used in situations ranging from teaching people with severe retardation basic language to helping people with self-control problems stick to diets (Matson & LoVullo, 2008; Wupperman et al., 2012);(Feldman, 2015, p.16).
The father of operant conditioning is Burrhus Frederic Skinner, more commonly known as B.
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Skinners theory for operant conditioning has been created upon the idea that learning is a purposeful change in obvious behavior. The diverse types of operant conditioning are positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, punishment, and becoming extinguished. Positive reinforcement happens when a behavior is revealed, and the outcome becomes more common to future actions. An example of this type of behavior is when feeding time comes around for my dog, Grimm; he has learned to sit when I raise my hand in order to receive his food. This behavior has been learned through positive reinforcement in order to receive what he is wanting in the end. As for negative reinforcement behavior becomes stronger as a result of removing, avoiding, or stopping a negative outcome. My daughter tends to whine when a certain food she dislikes is on her plate at meal times. Note: She is fine before she realizes the food she dislikes is placed in front of her. Her whining then causes me to remove this food she does not like; therefore the whining is being negatively reinforced by the removal of the food which is an example of…show more content…
As we grow a foundation of rules are applied to us to help guide our behavior in the choices we make as we age. A certain modification is exerted, and we learn what we want by having our consequences corrected due to this behavior. A choice to spank a child, slap, pinch, hit with an object nearby, or make them eat unpleasant substances to curb their behavior are types of physical punishment. Surveys have documented majority of parents whom were physically punished growing up to punished their own children as they were. Research also indicates short-term consequences within a child from being physically punished which may cause the child to begin bullying other children, aggressiveness is shown, behavioral problems, enduring low self-esteem, becoming petrified of their own parents, and believing it is okay to lay a hand on another. The abuse of physical punishment can get a person arrested with a jail sentence, loss of custody, and in extreme cases horrifying injuries cause death to an individual (“Physical Punishment”, 2012). Two-thirds of Americans still approve of spanking their children, even after studies have shown this type of physical punishment can lead to increased aggression, antisocial behavior, physical injury and mental health problems for children (Smith,

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