In 1917 and 1918 there was a worldwide outbreak of encephalitis. Many children showed ADD like symptoms afterwards, leading doctors to further speculate that the disorder was the result of brain damage, resulting in perhaps the first names for ADD, Post-Encephalitic Disorder and Minimal Brain Damage. When it was later learned that these children were not brain damaged after all, the name changed to Minimal Brain Dysfunction. In 1937 doctors first reported evidence that stimulant medication helped relieve the symptoms of hyperactive children. These reports were largely ignored until the 1950's, when there was a rapid increase in the use of drug therapy in psychiatry.
¡§ In the early 20th century, American doctors were discussing children who had problems similar to those described by George Fre*censored* Still, who was the first know researcher in Attention Deficit research. The one thing that many of these children had in common, other than their ADD type symptoms, was that they were survivors of the encephalitis epidemic in 1917-1918. Numerous papers described children with ¡§post encephalitic behavior disorder¡¨ as impaired in attention, regulation of activity, and impulse control. Like Still¡¦s patients, these children were also socially disruptive and many had memory problems.¡¨(About.com: 2) At this time, the disorder was not recognized as AD/HD, but was known as ¡§Brain Damaged¡¨ because of the encephalitis. As time passed, other researchers discovered that these children were not brain damaged but had a learning disability.
Overcoming a panic and anxiety attack takes a lot of work but with the right practice of different exercises and knowing how to deal with it. It can be a little easier. Controlling the breathing and making sure that they do not hyperventilate because that will make it worse, distracting themselves from the situation that they were in, and taking it slow after words to make sure another one does not occur. Everyone needs a support system when it comes to these kind of attacks, with those they can get through it with hard work and
Medication alleviates but does not cure symptoms. CBT makes it easier for children to manage and control their symptoms. In a study led by Steven Safron director of behavioral medicine at the Massachusetts General Hospitals department of psychiatry conducted a study on CBT and ADHD. The study was twelve weekly one on one sessions with adults already on drugs like Ritalin. After CBT training two-thirds of the people in the study saw a thirty percent improvement in their symptoms.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), more commonly referred to as ADD (Attention Deficit Disorder), has only recently come to notice of scientists. It affects 3.5 million people under the age of 18 and 5 million people over the age of 18. Its current cause of existence is due to defects at neurotransmitter sites, rendering patients inattentive and impulsive. However, every year more progress is made in locating the cause and finding more effective treatments. ADHD's first diagnosis was made in 1902 by Dr. George Still.
According to Schwarz and Cohen (2013), approximately 11% of children are under medication. Authors have pointed out that one boy in every five high school boys have received medical treatment for ADHD. The above mentioned prevalence rates of ADHD among children and increase in medication have raised concerns among physicians that over-diagnosis and overmedication has become common among American children. Prescription of certain stimulants such as Ritalin and Adderall for children for improvement of their lives downgraded by the disorder has led to anxiety, addiction and psychosis. Experts think that long term use of stimulants such as Ritalin leads to physical dependence.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a very common disorder among children, and it has only increased throughout the years. “It is estimated that 3-5% of children have ADHD, accounting for approximately 2 million children in the United States” (Mattox, 2007). Mattox (2007) also makes note that boys are more likely to be diagnosed with ADHD because they display more aggressive behaviors than girls do, which results in girls being diagnosed at a later age. The current diagnostic criterion for ADHD primarily focuses on significant hyperactivity and inattention. Aside from those two, in order for a child to be diagnosed with ADHD the DSM-IV says symptoms must show begin to show before the age of seven, show impairment in two or more settings, the impairment must be clinically significant or affect academic functioning, and the symptoms cannot be explained by another mental disorder (Weis, 2008).
Some experts believe the true number is closer to 20% of the general population. In a recent study of over 9000 children in the Midwest, the number of children who have been medically diagnosed as hyperactive was about 3%. The number of undiagnosed children, based on data from teachers and parents, was estimated at about... ... middle of paper ... ...D children also have sleeping problems, coordination problems, are self-centered, impatient, reckless, and have extreme emotional problems. Some indications that a child will be ADHD are, apparent hyperactivity in the womb, poor maternal health, mother under 20 years of age, first pregnancy, high blood pressure during pregnancy, maternal alcohol abuse, heavy maternal smoking, and drug abuse. Research now indicates that hyperactive children continue to have multiple problems as adolescents, though the hyperactivity has decreased.
ADD may be caused by a abnormally from trauma, disease, fetal exposure to alcohol and tobacco, or high levels of Lead. In parts of the brain there is a diminished activity in the morphology and frontal region of the brain. Statistics of ADD Most of the diagnosis is at childhood. Experts say that over 2 million (3 to 5%) children have ADD. About 50% of these 2 million children who have ADD are believed to be underachievers.
In other words, people carry out certain actions to try to reduce their obsessive thoughts when in reality, the habitual compulsions increase anxiety. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder cannot necessarily be stopped or fought by getting rid of the things that cause people anxiety, but it can be managed by directly confronting the thing that is feared. For example, it is impossible to get rid of all diseases so that someone may overcome their fear of becoming sick. However, that person may wash their hands constantly and not touch people to reassure themselves that they are doing anything they can to prevent themselves from getting sick. Fe... ... middle of paper ... ...s actually a victim of OCD himself.