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Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

explanatory Essay
1487 words
1487 words
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This paper will attempt to describe Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). The different causative factors, as well as the diagnosis of this disorder will also be described. Finally, the different treatments that are available for ADHD will be discussed. Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder is a psychological condition that usually begins in early childhood and often lasts into adulthood (University of Illinois, n.d.). Have you ever noticed a child having trouble concentrating, that can't seem to sit still, who interrupts others during their conversation, or has acted impulsively without thinking? Most of us can think of a child that has these problems, but for some children, these behaviors are uncontrollable and can interfere with their ability to form friendships or their success in school (Bussing & Grohol, n.d.). "There are three broad sets of symptoms associated with ADHD: inattention and distractibility, hyperactivity, and impulsivity;" however, it is not necessary to have symptoms from all three of these areas to be diagnosed with ADHD (University of Illinois, n.d.). The hyperactivity and impulsivity symptoms are more prevalent in males and are more severe earlier in their childhood. Many children with ADHD also experience secondary problems, which can include academic problems and problems with their peers (University of Illinois, n.d.). Children who have symptoms of inattention may be easily distracted, have difficulties focusing, become bored easily, have no organizational skills, or just can't seem to complete or turn in their homework. Children who have symptoms of hyperactivity may have trouble sitting still and being quite, or they may seem like they are constantly "on the go." C... ... middle of paper ... ...rders/childhood-adhd/ Butcher, J., Mineka, S., Hooley, J. (2010). Abnormal Psychology, 14th edition. Retrieved from https://digitalbookshelf.argosy.edu Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2013, November 13). Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): Data & statistics. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/adhd/data.html National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). (n.d.). Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Retrieved from http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder/index.s html?utm_source=REFERENCES_R7#pub8 University of Illinois. (n.d.). A student's guide to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Retrieved from http://www.counselingcenter.illinois.edu/self-help-brochures/academic-difficulties/a-student %E2%80%99s-guide-to-attention-deficithyperactivity-disorder-adhd/

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that the paper will describe attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (adhd), the different causative factors, and the diagnosis of this disorder.
  • Explains that attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder is a psychological condition that usually begins in early childhood and often lasts into adulthood.
  • Explains the three broad sets of symptoms associated with adhd: inattention and distractibility, hyperactivity, and impulsivity.
  • Explains the dsm-iv-tr criteria for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
  • Explains that six (or more) of the following symptoms of inattention have been present, lasted for at least 6 months, and are not appropriate for the child's developmental level.
  • Explains the symptoms of hyperactivity-impulsivity, which include difficulty organizing tasks and activities, distractions, and forgetting to do daily activities.
  • Opines that a person can't play quietly or engage in leisure activities if they're 'driven by motors'. they cite butcher, mineka, and hooley.
  • Explains that there are currently three sub-types of adhd: predominately inattentive, hyperactive-impulsive, and combined.
  • Explains that genetics, environmental factors, brain injuries, nutrition, and social environments might contribute to adhd. researchers have identified neuro-developmental factors and neurophysiological deficits in several neurotransmitter systems as contributing factors.
  • Explains that a licensed health professional needs to gather information about the child, and his or her behavior and environment.
  • Explains that the specialist will check school and medical records to see if there are any abnormalities in the child's home or school settings.
  • Explains that there are two types of medications that are used for treating adhd: stimulants and non-stimulants.
  • Explains the different types of psychotherapy that are useful in treating adhd, such as behavioral therapy and social skills. children with adhd need their parents and teachers to guide and understand them.
  • Reports that as of 2011, 6.4 million children between the ages of 4 and 17 have been diagnosed with adhd.
  • Concludes that adhd is a common childhood mental disorder that affects millions of children, but with the proper treatment plan, most children can learn how to function with this disorder.
  • Explains that the centers for disease control and prevention (cdc) has released data on attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (adhd).
  • Cites university of illinois' a student's guide to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (adhd).
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