ADHD is recognized under Axis 1 in the DSM-V, as it is classified as a clinical syndrome. How/... ... middle of paper ... ...r ADHD symptoms. When it comes to gender wise boys are diagnosed with ADHD three times more often than girls; and adult males are diagnosed more often than adult females. Males of all ages have a tendency to to display, by far, more hyperactivity than females and somewhat more symptoms of inattention than women. Approximately 10% of all males and 4% of females have been diagnosed with ADHD.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a very common disorder among children, and it has only increased throughout the years. “It is estimated that 3-5% of children have ADHD, accounting for approximately 2 million children in the United States” (Mattox, 2007). Mattox (2007) also makes note that boys are more likely to be diagnosed with ADHD because they display more aggressive behaviors than girls do, which results in girls being diagnosed at a later age. The current diagnostic criterion for ADHD primarily focuses on significant hyperactivity and inattention. Aside from those two, in order for a child to be diagnosed with ADHD the DSM-IV says symptoms must show begin to show before the age of seven, show impairment in two or more settings, the impairment must be clinically significant or affect academic functioning, and the symptoms cannot be explained by another mental disorder (Weis, 2008).
ASD actually occurs at five times a higher rate in boys than in girls, affecting as many as 1 in 54 boys as compared to 1 in 252 girls (Center for Disease Control and Prevention). Newer reports have shown that the prevalence of ASD has increased over previous years and indicates that ASD can actually affect as many as 1 in 88 individuals (Autism Speaks). There are a multitude of different types of therapies than can assist individuals whose lives are affected by ASD. This paper describes many of the challenges faced by individuals with ASD and also explores some of the physical based activities that have been shown to be effective in helping children with ASD overcome many of the obstacles they face. Motor impairments are one of a large number of concerns for children who are diagnosed with ASD.
Gavin Lohnes Mr. Miller May-14-14 Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder also known as ADHD, is one of the most common childhood psychological disorders and can continue through adulthood. ADHD is diagnosed in 6-7% of children. The rate of diagnosis is similar between countries. Although is it not known why boys are about three times more likely than girls to be diagnosed with ADHD. Children who have inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity could lead to a diagnosis of ADHD.
This is not very prevalent, and is only one in every 200 cases. This is thought to occur because many children with manic depression might have been misdiagnosed or just thought of as hyperactive and disruptive. The early symptoms of childhood bipolar disorder, distractibility, irritability, and hyperactivity are also the signs of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)(Harvard Mental Health Letter, March 1997). It is mainly for this reason that many cases might be misdiagnosed as ADHD and the prevalence of bipolar disorder in children could be much higher. A person suffering from bipolar disorder alternates from manic states to those of depression.
As a result those who did experience childhood abuse had a larger result of 1-year internalizing disorders at the follow up than those who did not experience childhood abuse. It was also shown that abuse did not correlate with self-esteem. The article titled “Gender Differences in Long-Term Health Consequences of Physical Abuse of Children”. The Predictor Variable: Physical Abuse in Childhood and the Dependent Variables: Health Problems in Adulthood. The sample consisted of ½ men and ½ women.
Another 5-10% have partial ADHD syndrome with one or more other problems, such as anxiety or depression. (CHADD) Gender and age affect the way the patients display their symptoms. Boys are more likely to have the disorder than girls. The symptoms of ADHD usually decrease with age, but those symptoms related with other similar disorders are said to increase with age. 30-50% of children with ADHD may display symptoms, although often times less severe, into adulthood.
The average age of being diagnosed with autism is 4 years old. 4 of every 5 people with autism is male. More than half of educated kids were 5 years or older when diagnosed, less than 20% was diagnosed by 2 years of age. Multiple ages are affected. Autism affects boys much more than it affects girls.
ADD may be caused by a abnormally from trauma, disease, fetal exposure to alcohol and tobacco, or high levels of Lead. In parts of the brain there is a diminished activity in the morphology and frontal region of the brain. Statistics of ADD Most of the diagnosis is at childhood. Experts say that over 2 million (3 to 5%) children have ADD. About 50% of these 2 million children who have ADD are believed to be underachievers.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is often the center of ongoing debates in the medical field. Critics have described ADHD as a diagnosis used to label difficult children who are not ill, but whose behavior is at the extreme end of normal range ( (K. Lange, 2010). However, unbalanced chemicals in the brain cause ADHD. It is not something children can control and it is more than a behavioral problem. “ADHD is not a disease per se but rather a group of symptoms representing a final common behavioral pathway for a gamut of emotional, psychological, and/or learning problems” (Furman, 2005).