The Social Norms Of The Islamic World

2050 Words9 Pages
Over the past few decades, fundamentalist movements have formed across the Islamic world. These movements pose a threat not only to the identity of Muslim people but also to the security of the West. 9/11 was a horrific attack planned by the radical group, al Qaeda. Fifteen years later the nightmare isn’t over and new challenges like ISIS have spurned. Hence we must understand how do these groups start, what enables them to have a huge following and what can we do to combat it. A great starting point would be to examine the socioeconomic structures of these Islamic states. If a successful overhaul of these movements were to happen, we must be able to change the social norms of key states as well as invalidate that the movements are Islamic. A constructivist perspective can help us understand underlying problems and the rise of grassroots movements. Francis Fukuyama and Graeme Wood both address fundamentalism as well as what can be done to combat it. I plan to analyze as well as refute Fukuyama’s and Wood’s take on the legitimacy of these movements being Islamic, as well as the mechanisms to defeat it. Francis Fukuyama addresses whether radical movements are Islamic and the underlying problems of the Islamic which led to the rise of fundamentalism. Fukuyama takes a constructivist approach saying that we must address the ideology of the Islamic world. Initially, Fukuyama notes that Islam is somewhat the source of empowerment for these movements. Fukuyama says that these movements are shockingly not that far from the tree. He asserts that Muslims and Islam, as a doctrine, inherently reject the idea of religious toleration. This core value of the religion, Fukuyama argues, is shared by millions of people and therefore it is rather d... ... middle of paper ... ... the people. Economic stagnation is a motivating force for the recruitment programs of ISIS and other fundamentalist groups. Some Arab states are starting to address it. Al-Sisi of Egypt is introducing new economic reforms. However, al-Sisi is continually ridiculed by Western media, which forces Arabs to question the West’s commitment to solving the crisis. This type of questioning leads Arab states to refuse cooperation with the US and Europe. Arab states are unwilling to send troops to fight ISIS concerned with not only their own national security but also their local image to the public. The US is determined that Muslim soldiers fighting ISIS will show that Muslims are willing to fight ISIS and that ISIS doesn’t stand for the fight against the West. However, the belief that ISIS is a creation of the West is deeply enrooted within the minds of the Arab people.
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