Ethics in the Modern World

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Ethics is a system of moral principles and a branch of philosophy which defines what is acceptable for both individuals and society. It is a philosophy that covers a whole range of things that have an importance in everyday situations. Ethics are vital in everyones lives, it includes human values, and how to have a good life, our rights and responsibilities, moral decisions what is right and wrong, good and bad. Moral principles affect how people make decisions and lead their lives (BBC, 2013). There are many different beliefs about were ethics come from. These consist of; God and Religion, human conscience, the example of good human beings and a huge desire for the best for people in each unique situation, and political power (BBC, 2013). Philosopher David Hume divided the term “ethics” into three distinctive areas; meta-ethics, which focuses on the language used when talking about ethical issues. The general approach to this area of ethics is, it explores the nature of moral judgement, and it looks at the meaning of ethical principles. Normative ethics tries to find practical moral code that we can live by. It is concerned with the content of moral judgements and the criteria for what is right and wrong. Finally applied-ethics is the application of ethical theories and using them in real life issues such as medical research or human rights (Hume D, 2011). In 1948 the Universal Declaration of Human rights were devised (UDHR). Everyone has the right to liberty, life, freedom from fear and violence. The obligation to protect individuals and groups the States is required to shield them against human rights abuses (United Nations 2013) The Human Rights Act became effective in the UK in 2000. The purpose of the Human Rights Act is t... ... middle of paper ... ...sposse/asethlangintro.htm Parry, V., (27/04/2008), ‘Can we create life?’, The Guardian, [online] Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2008/apr/27/infectiousdiseases.stemcells Pfeffer, N., Kent J., (2006). ‘Consent to the use of aborted fetuses in stem cell research and therapies’, Clinical Ethics, 4(6), pp. 216 – 218. [online] Available at: http://www.rsm.ac.uk/media/downloads/ce06-12pfefferkent.pdf Sadler, T. D., Zeidler, D. L., (2002), The Morality of Socioscientific Issues: Construal and Resolution of Genetic Engineering Dilemmas, Wiley Periodicals. [online] Available at: http://www.coe.ufl.edu/Faculty/tsadler/construal.pdf Savulescu, J., (2007), Ethics of Stem Cell and Cloning Research, Oxford: University of Oxford. [online] Available at: http://www.practicalethics.ox.ac.uk/Resources/Cloning_StemCell/ethics_stemcell_cloningresearch.pdf
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