Hitler did try to make peace with Churchill, but he refused. The only option left was for him to bomb London. This belief was reinforced by the success of the bombing of Guernica in 1937, when Hitler helped Franco to bomb and destroys the city of Guernica. Hitler thought he could use similar tactics against Britain Constant bombing would have a great impact on the country , whereas Guernica was only a one day bombing.Hitler also invaded Denmark, Holland, Norway, Belgium and France in 1940 so it was important to Hitler to invade Britain as well, to complete his plan. On the 17th of September, 300 German bombers and 600 fighters attacked London.
Why the Major Cities of Britain were Bombed by the Germans in 1940 and 1941 The Blitz were the intense over-night bombing of major British cities and industrial areas. This was the result of the Germans losing the battle of Britain, so now Hitler changed his tactics and the Blitz began. The Germans bombed the major cities of Britain for three main reasons; these were to destroy the morale of the British, to cause damage to the areas vital to the British war effort and to try to take over Britain using different tactics. The main aim of the Blitz was to break the morale of the British therefore leaving them without the will to fight and win. To try and achieve this Hitler dropped 19,000 tonnes of bombs on London, which was the most populated city and mass deaths were almost certain.
Even though Hitler has said this Churchill decided to react so the RAF sneaked past the German defences and bombed Berlin as revenge for the Germans bombing London. Hitler grew angry and decided to begin attacking cities in Britain not only for Revenge but for other important reasons as well. One of these reasons was to cripple the British economy and stop any sort of industry. Ports were attacked stopping vital supplies from entering the country, which people needed most, to survive and fight a war. Factories were bombed so the production of munitions and living supplies was greatly reduced.
Bombing of the British Cities in 1940 By the end of 1940, the Second World War had fallen into a war of attrition. Both sides were looking to inflict damage to either side with the least effort possible. Britain was in a dismal predicament as the RAF were becoming weaker and weaker as the Luftwaffe continued to bomb the airfields and factories. However, Germany's tactics suddenly changed to attacking the major cities of Britain. Hitler had many reasons to do this.
Before Hitler had decided to bomb the major cities of Britain he had attacked the RAF by using the Luftwaffe. Three German planes were shot down for every one British plane, but by the end of August things were beginning to change. The Luftwaffe were taking control of the skies and were about to defeat the RAF when Hitler began to become impatient. He called off the attacks on fighter command and instead he ordered the bombing of the major British cities. If he had continued to bomb the RAF the Luftwaffe would have won the Battle of Britain and the Blitz would have probably never occurred.
The main idea of Operation Sealion was to primarily target the British Air Bases to cripple the RAF (Royal Air Force). The Battle Of Britain, a battle for the domination of the skies began on the 1 July 1940 when the first German air craft crossed the English Channel. However, even though the leader of the Luftwaffe, Hermann Goering believed that he had superior planes and pilots, due to his bad decision making, they were losing the battle which lead to him changing his tactics. In September 1940 the Germans changed tactics; they decided to attack the city of London instead of targeting the RAF. This change in tactics gave the RAF time to regroup however this new tactic was the most devastating part of the war for the civilians.
Why the Major Cities of Britain were Bombed by the Germans in 1940 Germany and Britain fought a battle from August to September called Battle of Britain. This fight was for control over skies. There were four major battles in battle of Britain in which Britain won. After being defeated by Britain, Germans knew that they would not be able to invade Britain, so they began to attack it in different ways and adopted new tactics. They knew that if they carry their troops and tanks on ships R.A.F (Royal Air Force) of Britain would destroy them and sink their ships.
Why Hitler Decided to Bomb Major Cities in 1940-1941 Before 1940, there was a large battle in the air between England and Germany, for control over the English Channel. This was later to be known as “The Battle of Britain.” As well as the domination over this area, each of the powers would intend to take advantage of being the leader in technical warfare (in this case aeroplanes). The main reason why this battle started and the bombing of English cities, in my opinion, is that Germany was trying to knock Britain out of the war; this was to try to avoid an unmanageable war on two fronts, Russia and Britain. I believe that Hitler was also trying to demonstrate his authority by showing that Germany was now (as he promised) more powerful than the treaty of Versailles and could break it whenever it pleased. The locations Hitler hunted to destroy were military bases and factories.
The Bombing of the Major Cities of Britain in 1940 The blitz is the German name we use to name the nighttime bombing of London and other major cities. Hitler turned to terror bombing of London and the other cities such as ports and high industrial areas because the R.A.F had previously attacked Berlin. Hitler wanted revenge for this so he sent the Luftwaffe to counter attack. This resulted with most of the Luftwaffe being destroyed. Hitler then only sent the Luftwaffe to plummet London at night with bombs.
By looking at these facts we understand that this was planed by the Germans to achieve their plans and they were very successful in the bombing of the Great Britain: The scale of devastation in civilian areas was totally unexpected and that brought the people of Great Britain fear. 2. Describe the effects of the Blitz on everyday life in Britain. After reading about and learning about the Blitz we see that there