The origins of Fascism as a political ideology and party are often attributed to Benito Mussolini who pioneered the concept in the late 19th and early 20th centuries (Kallis, 2000). The Fascist ideology viewed the nation as an all-embracing entity; outside of the state no one person is inherently valuable (Kallis, 2000). Fascism utilises the totalitarian style of governing and is therefore opposed to the socialist doctrine which advocates a cooperative society (Kallis, 2000). There are several definitions of the word Fascism and it is defined by The Merriam-Webster on-line dictionary (2013) as "a political philosophy, movement, or regime that exalts nation and often race above the individual and that stands for a centralised autocratic government headed by a dictatorial leader, severe economic and social regimentation, and forcible suppression of opposition”. When Fascism is mentioned it is usually in reference to certain regimes in countries like Italy, Germany, Spain and Indonesia; with Italy and Germany being the most notable.
So there was a treaty established in Versailles, France. In this treaty, the League of Nations decided to establish peace and justice between the countries in Europe. The Nazis rose to power due to the fact that the demands of the Treaty of Versailles were harsh, and therefore not through the Nazis’ own merit and their propaganda. Adolf Hitler believed that propaganda was one of the most important things to have when establishing a governmental party. He believed that with this, any newly formed party could rise up to power.
Paul Lauther. The Heath Anthology of American Literature. New York: Houghton 1998. 2512-2570. Washington, Irving.
History of the Second World War. New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1970. History.com Staff. “Benito Mussolini.” 2009. http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/benito-mussolini (accessed April 27, 2014) Holt, Sol and O’Connor, John R. Exploring World History.