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When governments are corrupt, they defer the rule of law and create greater inequalities. Organized crimes, such as human trafficking, contribute to corruption by undermining law enforcement efforts, slowing economic growth, and raising the costs of regional trade (Dixon 98). These negative impacts effect the peoples trust in the government. Cambodia according to Transparency International’s 2013 corruption perception index is ranked 160 out of 177 countries, with a score of 20 out of 100 (Corruption by Country). By this measure, Cambodia is one of the most corrupt countries in the world.
This shows that Vietnam has a quite high level of corruption as compared to German. Some factors such as, ethnic diversity, political instability, government accountability and the effectiveness enforcement of anti-corruption law derive such difference. Treisman (2000) observes that ethnic diversity could provoke bias and collusion that has a positive relationship with the control of corruption. While, Wijayanto (2007) mentioned that corruption is common in a country that undergoes an economic transition, normally this transition followed with political, economic and social instability. It is seen that Vietnam in th... ... middle of paper ... ... and Olken, B.
"Causes of Poverty." - Global Issues. N.p., 23 Mar. 2013. Web.