Most parents today want the best for their child or children, but there are many different parenting styles that a parent can have. There are four types of styles that I know of that are more common and they include authoritative parenting, authoritarian parenting, indulgent parenting, and neglectful parenting.
The Psychology of Parenting Styles
Would you have come out different if your parents used a different parenting style? If you are considered “cool” now could you have come out a nerd if your parents would have used a different parenting style? “Parenting style is one of the primary determinants of your child’s outcome whether he succeeds, achieves, meets the challenges, flounders, gives up, or runs from or fails in handling life.” (6) The purpose of this paper is to describe the outcomes, processes, labor, and techniques of parenting in a psychological point of view. Parenting styles are defined as the “manner in which parents express their beliefs on how to be a good or bad parent.”
The majority of research connected to parenting comes from the Diana Baumrind’s (1967) typology three styles of parenting. Baumrind concluded there are three types of parenting styles; authoritarian, authoritative, and permissive. The two types of parenting discussed in this question are authoritarian and authoritative. While both of these parenting styles create rules and expectation for a child, the delivery of each of the styles is very different.
Diana Baumrind, a developmental psychologist, was the first psychologist to identify parenting styles in 1967. The three parenting styles are authoritative, authoritarian and permissive. At one time, these three were the only parenting styles but later on, uninvolved parenting was added to the list of parenting styles. The four parenting styles are described on how much love, rules and the child’s behavior. Looking back to my childhood, I can see how all the parents showed the different parenting styles, including my parents.
Darling and Steinberg (1993) have defined parenting styles as “a constellation of attitudes toward the child that are communicated to the child and that taken together, create an emotional climate in which the parent’s behaviors are expressed” (p. 488). In order to fully understand how these parenting practice influence behaviors and habits on academic performance or achievement you must understand the differences between the practices. In a more concise explanation, authoritarian practices are parents who are extremely strict, admire obedience, and discourage communication between the parent-child and express low levels of warmth. Authoritative practices are parents who have rules and boundaries, open communication between themselves and the child and have an equal balance of warmth for the child. Permissive practices are parents who are warm and loving, however have no rules and boundaries, in other words, these parent have no limits or expectations for their child. Uninvolved-neglecting practices are those parents who do not impose discipline or encouragement, these parents do not engage with their child. With these definitions in mind a parent can be any one or a mixture of
An interesting topic to discuss in today's world is the various parenting styles and the potential outcomes of children that grow up in this environment. According to Types of Parenting Styles and How to Identify Yours by Bianca Mgbemere and Rachel Telles (2013), it states the four major recognized parenting styles in today's society. These include: authoritarian, neglectful, permissive, and authoritative. In all four of these parenting styles, parents learn the different behavioral effects of the child both negatively and positively. How you raise and discipline your child plays a key role in how they treat others, and eventually, their own kids.
Parent has changed with the years. Spanking a child was okay in the past, but is frowned upon. Some parents believe in talking through situations. “In any society, parenting beliefs are a reflection of that society 's cultural values and traditions” (Hulei, Zevenbergen, & Jacobs, 2006).
Parenting style (Maccoby and Martin, 1983) represents standard strategies that parent use in their child rearing. Parenting style is affected by both parents' and children's personality, not only the parents. Parenting style is about parents’ level of demanding and responsiveness toward child. There are 4 parenting styles which are Authoritative/Propagative, Authoritarian/Totalitarian, Permissive/Indulgent and Neglectful/ Uninvolved.
These styles were developed as categories to place parents based off of how they ranged (high to low) on “demandingness and responsiveness” (Darling, 1999). Nancy Darling reports good succinct definitions, originally from Baumrind of each of the categories in her article “Parenting Styles and Its Correlates”
Diana Baumrind’s Three Common Parenting Styles
During Diana Baumrind’s research as a developmental psychologist, she concluded that parents fall under three different styles of parenting: Authoritarian, Permissive, and Authoritative. Baumrind’s styles were based on how one disciplines and nurtures their child (Cherry, n.d., p. 1). Authoritarian parents make discipline the highest priority when raising their children. They do not see any grey area about discipline (Belsky, 2013, p. 205). Rules, and enforcement of rules, are never left up to discussion.