The way in which parents control their children’s behavior by using their characteristic tactics is called parenting styles (Boyd & Bee, 2011). According to developmental psychologist Diana Baumrind, a person’s parenting style is made up of four components. The first aspect is the amount of nurturance the child receives (Boyd & Bee, 2011). How a parent shows their warmth, support, and protection of their child both physically and mentally is nurturance. The s... ... middle of paper ... ...uent and disobey authority, whether it is their parents or teachers.
Parents who abuse their kids were abused and had a poor upbringing. Nowadays with technology and researches found, they could help change and also teach their kids to avoid the same mistakes when they grow up. As the child grows, parents can set limits instead of violence. Fact is that when kids behave out of the normal, it is not to make parents angry but because they are in need of attention. We all know that parents’ the first reaction is to lose it, so instead of punching, parents can try time outs until the child comprehends why he or she is being punished.
It can be very beneficial to parents to understand that how one raises their children can give them a foundation for good development for years to come. Authoritarian parents, show very little acceptance, have very high expectations of their children and are extremely controlling. These parents are strict, and use a prohibitive and punishment method. According to a research done by Kimberly Kopko from Cornell University, it “reveals that adolescents of authoritarian parents learn that following parental rules and adherence to strict discipline is valued over independent behavior. As a result, adolescents may become rebellious or dependent” (2).
The psychological study of parenting has resulted in categorizing different parenting styles, and dimensions of parenting. The four parenting styles are: authoritarian parenting, democratic or authoritative parenting, permissive parenting, and uninvolved parenting. The different dimensions of parenting are: disciplinary strategies, warmth and nurturing, communication styles, and expectations of maturity and control. Each parenting style has a different effect on children, and can determine what kind of adult that child will turn into. Authoritarian parents often expect their children to follow their rules without explanation, and the children are punished when they choose not to comply.
In contrast, children whose parents are less accepting are inclined to develop lower self-esteem and less self-control. Thus, they may behave when the parents are around (out of fear of punishment) but misbehave when on their own. The second dimension of parenting behavior is parental control, or strictness of parental standards. A parent who is moderately controlling sets high performance standards and expects increasingly mature behavior. A parent wh... ... middle of paper ... ... Harrison-Hale, A. O., McLoyd, V.C., & Smedley, B.
However, Children raised by authoritarian parents tend to have poor social skills, low self-esteem, and depression in the future. The effects of this parenting style are greatly negative. (“Consistent Parenting Advice.” 2009). Permissive parents have a much laid back approach. The child is encouraged to make his or her own decisions, and the parents are there to support those decisions regardless if they are right or wrong.
“The Effects of Family and Community Violence on Children.” Annual Review of Psychology 51 (2000): 445 – 479. PsychINFO Web. 30 Jan. 2014. Margolin, Gayla, and Katrina A. Vickerman. “Posttraumatic Stress in Children and Adolescents Exposed to Family Violence: Overview and Issues.” Professional Psychology Research and Practice 38.6 (2007): 613 – 619.
Despite the actions that come from discipline and go against the parents’ moral values, parents are strict with their children in an effort to look out for the child’s best interests. Others may disagree and view strict parenting as a negative effect on the child’s brain development, but in contrast, parents are strict in order to guide their children down the right path to prosperity. There are different types of parenting, despite whether the parents are good or bad people. If there is one thing strict parenting guarantees is an interest in the child and their well
Failure to follow the rules leads to the punishment by parents and parents usually do not explain the reasoning behind the rules. Authoritarian parenting impacts not only on the current relationship between the parents and child but it also brings the long-term effect on emotional development of child towards the adulthood (Miller, 2010). According to Williams (2009), the authoritarian parenting style can lead to greater social withdrawal in children with low behavioral impulse and greater acting out behavior in children with high behavioral impulse. The externalization of anti-social behavior in children is linked with authoritarian parenting style as a result of low parental warmth, inconsistency and harsh discipline towards the children (Ehrensaft , Wassrman, Greenwald, , Miller, & Davies, 2003). According to studies (Asher 2006), the largest percentages 46% of parents or guardians of juveniles for felony offenses are identified most closely with an authoritarian style of parenting.
Developmental Views of Parenting Style and Effectiveness Parenting effectiveness and influence have been studied by developmental psychologists who have been interested in the role of parenting and how it may affect the success or failure of children. An important aspect to this area of research is parenting styles. There have been four styles noted and each may have differing outcomes for the children in later life: authoritarian, authoritative, permissive, and unengaged/uninvolved. Positive discipline and corporal punishment are ways parents may choose to respond to a child?s misbehavior. Usually corporal punishment is identified with the authoritative style and positive discipline with the authoritarian style.