Parenting Styles In Child Development

1065 Words5 Pages
Parenting styles focus on how a parent acts or reacts to their child. Your style as a parent includes expectations, beliefs and values that surround how you support and punish your children. Each individual style of parenting plays a significant role in early childhood development. Authoritative parenting style results in a more desirable developmental state. Authoritative and Permissive styles of parenting, leaves less to be desired when it comes to child development. Authoritative parenting style establishes rules and guidelines which they expect their children to follow. Authoritative parents are responsive to their children and questions are encouraged. A more nurturing and forgiving approach is practiced, as opposed to the avenue of punishment. Baumrind suggests that these parents "monitor and impart clear standards for their children’s conduct. They are assertive, but not intrusive and restrictive. Their disciplinary methods are supportive, rather than punitive. They want their children to be assertive as well as socially responsible, and self-regulated as well as cooperative" (1991). Authoritarian parenting style consists of strict rules. Rules are set in place with the expectation that children will follow them. If said rules are not followed, the child receives a punishment without an explanation. According to Baumrind, authoritarian parents “are obedience-and status-oriented, and expect their orders to be obeyed without explanation” (1991). Passive parenting style rarely discipline their children, as they hold low expectations of maturity and self control. According to Baumrind, permissive parents "are more responsive than they are demanding. They are nontraditional and lenient, do not require mature behav... ... middle of paper ... ...gone Medical Center (The Child Study Center) well adjusted children, particularly in terms of social competence (Gurian), have parents that practice an authoritative parenting style. Authoritative parents are able to apply rules and regulations, with emotional responsiveness and respect for their child’s independence. Authoritative and authoritarian parents hold high expectations of children. The overly strict authoritarian parent expects their children not to question their authority and leaves little room for freedom of expression. In contrast, the permissive parent holds few expectations or demands, yet allows the development of self expression. As a result, authoritarian children are apt to rely on voices of authority and lack spontaneity, while permissive children may find it difficult to control their impulses and are reluctant to accept responsibility.

More about Parenting Styles In Child Development

Get Access