The Importance Of Academic Resilience

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Introduction Academic resilience refers to the successful outcome achieved in school and other aspects in life despite of obstacles that may place one at risk of an academic decline or a destructive well-being. Though there are limited research conducted on academic resilience, from the review of various scholarly journals, there seems to be a common theme: resilient students have the ability to cope positively with adversities and they have the belief in one’s self-worth. A longitudinal study conducted by Rew, Grady and Spoden shows a direct correlation between the level of competence and how the individual values his/her self-worth. Their findings revealed that the higher the level of competence in one or more domains (scholastic, athletic,…show more content…
Coping is a protective attribute of resilience, and is defined as “constantly changing cognitive and behavioral efforts to manage specific external and/or internal demands that are appraised as taxing or exceeding the resources of the person” (D’Imperio, Dubow, & Ippolito, 2000, p. 130). There are two types of coping: active-approach coping and avoidant coping. With active-approach coping, the person resolves the problem by seeking support from others, thus moving towards positive adjustment. With avoidant coping, the person resort to avoidance thus leading to poorer adjustment. When the individual takes the active-approach of coping, it enhances the sense of control over a seemingly chaotic environment, thus promoting resilience in a high stress condition. This is much like the fight or flight response. When the coping process is a positive approach, then the issue is dealt with logically and directly, thus fostering resilience. However, when the coping process is a negative avoidance approach, then the result leads to reckless…show more content…
So, rather than choosing to react against the circumstance, individuals conform to societal expectations to successfully rise above the situation. A study conducted by Portnoi and Kwong analyzed the lived experiences of 16 female, first-generation students of color that have found their way to succeed throughout high school and college. With some investigation of the factors that contributed to these women’s success, resistance and resilience were found as the common combination of defense mechanism. This strategy further motivates them to succeed, thus fostering their academic resilience. Through this study, the researchers were able to connect “resistance and resilience as mutually reinforcing processes of strength” (Portnoi & Kwong, 2015, p.9). The researchers have found that through the resistance-resilience combination, the students were able to overcome the obstacles surrounding them and pursue education beyond high school and for many, beyond post-secondary

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