Motivational interviewing is a guiding system that aide’s individuals to resolve conflicted affections and insecurities with finding interior inspiration to change their conduct. It is empathetic, practical, furthermore short-term procedure that takes under thought how troublesome it is to make lifestyle changes. Motivational interviewing was invented by clinical psychologist William Miller and Stephen Rollnick. This method was created to help people escape addiction (Miller and Rollnick, 1991).
Short Paper 4: Motivational Interviewing
Motivational interviewing is an important technique and counseling style that was created by William Miller and Stephen Rollnick in the 1980’s. The brief definition of motivational interviewing (MI) that is provided by Miller and Rollnick in their influential text is “a collaborative conversation style for strengthening a person’s own motivation and commitment to change” (Miller & Rollnick, 2013). Motivational interviewing is considered to be a style that evolved from client-centered therapy. The style is considered to be empathic but requires the counselor to consciously directive so that they may help their client resolve the ambivalence they are experiencing and direct them towards change. The important thing to note is that client autonomy is key to the process (Hettema, Steele, & Miller, 2005).
The case scenario is of a homeless young guy named Jim who appears to have an intellectual disability. Jim is addicted to marijuana and abuses alcohol and has suicidal thoughts. He has anger control issues where he is known to verbally threaten others. He currently has a counsellor who he had established a therapeutic relationship. From these sessions, the counsellor has learned that Jim had been physically abused by his stepfather. From reading this case scenario about Jim, it is evident that he would benefit from several different approaches or interventions including motivational interviewing and cognitive behavioural therapy.
The one recommendation geared to the theory is describing what is considered motivational. The skill of Motivational interviewing is a counseling style not subjected to being used loosely with practitioners attempting to motivate his/her client in health promotion without the proper use of the theories steps.
My Motivational Interviewing Experience
My experiences with behavioral change comes mostly from the self-work I have done. Prior approaches to discussing behavioral change with a friend, client, or acquaintance are reflections of content and feeling, summarizing, joining, open and closed ended questions, active listening, and simply engaging in dialogue. I have experienced little results in the form of feedback from people I have talked with.
Motivational interviewing is an interview between two people to help an individual understand and change a behavior that they are not happy with. Over the past few days we have been practicing with techniques to change that unwanted behavior. During this process, there was an option to keep the same interviewer and interviewee, but using different people makes the interview interesting by understanding others behaviors, and how they are motivated to make a change. But not only how they are motivated to change, but how they can provide skills to help us change as well. Motivational interviewing has four basic techniques. Open questions, Affirmation, Reflective listening, and summary reflection. Listening and eye contact are key components in motivational interviewing.
With the subject, the interview can take place in a warm and empathic atmosphere, without confrontation, requiring the active participation of the subject. An empathic therapeutic attitude allows the subject to express of difficulties, his feelings. I would try to perceive things through the patient's eyes, putting myself in his place to understand what he can feel. Thus, the person can feel appreciated and will be more willing to open and share their experiences, allowing the therapist to visualize his or her resources, weak points in the process of change and beliefs around Alcohol consumption. In a motivational therapeutic interview, I must not directly confront the person on his tendency to trivialize, even deny, his problems of alcohol. I must assume that the final decision of change belongs to the subject. The defensive arguments put forward by the question in the face of change are not
Counseling Theories August 3, 1995 Running head: Coun. v. Psychotherapy Counseling v. psychotherapy is there a difference between the two? This paper will attempt to prove that there are several differences between counseling and psychotherapy. While counseling and psychotherapy have several different elements in each, the following information will also attempt to show the reader that there are some areas where the two overlap. At times this was a confusing topic to research. A fine line distinguishes the two topics and one must look hard to see this line. Definition of Counseling One survey taken by Gustad suggests a definition of counseling where he included three key elements. Counseling is a learning-oriented process, carried on in a simple, one to one social environment, in which a counselor, professionally competent in relevant psychological skills and knowledge, seeks to assist the client by methods appropriate to the latter's needs and within the context of the total personnel program, to learn more about himself, to learn how to put such understanding into effect in relation to more clearly perceived, realistically defined goals to the ` end that the client may become a happier and more productive member of his society (1957, p. 36). In lay terms counseling can be described as a face to face relationship, having goals to help a client to learn or acquire new skills which will enable them to cope and adjust to life situations. The focus is to help a person reach maximum fulfillment or potential, and to become fully functioning as a person. Definition of Psychotherapy Psychotherapy is the process inwhich a therapists assists the client in re-organizing his or her personality. The therapist also helps the client integrate insights into everyday behavior. Psychotherapy can be defined as "more inclusive re-education of the individual" (Brammer& Shostrom,1977). Objectives of counseling The objectives of counseling according to the Committee on Definition, Division of Counseling Psychology, American Psychological Association are to "help individuals toward overcoming obstacles to their personal growth, wherever these may be encountered, and toward achieving optimum development of their personal resources" (Arbuckle, 1967). In a paper written by Dr. T. Millard, it is stated that "Counseling provides clarity and a positive and constructive venue for the individual to sensibly examine the instinctive-emotional and rational (or irrational) motives which determine the drive, content, and even the form of human conduct." This shows the part which counseling plays in a clients treatment.
...ives from the implementation of an empathic, hopeful continuous treatment relationship, which provides integrated treatment and coordination of care through the course of multiple treatment episodes” (Watkins, 2015). Whether, confronted with a substance use disorder, gambling or sex addiction the way in which a counselor work with the client in an open helpful manner is the key to motivating the client to change their behaviors. “A man convinced against his will, Is of the same opinion still” (Carnegie, 1981). The most piece of the helping relationship is that the client is the lead in their care, as they are the ones that will be making the decisions for their care. A counselor is essentially a trained skillful teacher that guides an individual toward their best recovery options and it is up to the individual to make the needed changes in their life and behaviors.
The counseling session should be centered on the client and their understanding of their world and/or problems not heavily weighted on the counselor interpretation of the client’s situation. The role of the counselor is to examine a problem needs changing and discover options in overcoming their problem. Bringing about change can help change the client’s narrative on their problem in the future and/or on life in the process.