Three separate initiatives have been suggested for Baderman Island to implement as elements of a long-term support system and enterprise system. A client/marketing lead management system, an online inventory system and web-based training modules are all an integral part of a plan that seeks to push the operations at the popular resort to its most profitable and efficient limits. But those same initiatives cannot be introduced without proper planning, research and maintenance. This report will provide the description of a plan that will help Baderman Island execute these programs with precision and positive results, all through such tools as an analysis of the systems development life cycle, prototyping and incorporation of the seven steps of systems alignment. Systems Development Life cycle and the Technology Initiative Introduction of the three programs being suggested will require an examination of the systems development life cycle. Haag, Cummings, and McCubbrey (pg 6-7, 2005) separate the life cycle into seven separate sections: planning, analysis, design, development, testing, implementation, and maintenance. The first piece of the systems development life cycle (SDLC), planning, requires the analysis of the projected idea's impact on the business. Haag, Cummings, and McCubbrey (pg 12, 2005) point out that the planning phase of the SDLC "focuses on either solving a problem or taking advantage of an opportunity." The next section of the SDLC is the analysis, which allows project managers to criticize the milestones established in the planning phase. In other words, the operations of each of the three projects must be judged on each project's accuracy, including the design, for long-term functionality. The next phase,... ... middle of paper ... ...sting and the use of milestones (or even critical success factors) Baderman Island will be able to introduce the lead management program, online training module and web-based inventory system with few hiccups and immense success. Works Cited Grenci R. Framing Electronic Commerce within an Introductory Information Systems Course. Journal of Information Systems Education [serial online]. March 2005;16(1):43-54. Available from: Business Source Complete, Ipswich, MA. Accessed September 10, 2007. Haag, S., Cummings, M., McCubbrey, D.J. (2005) Management information systems (5th eds). The McGraw-Hill Companies. Retrieved September 8, 2007 from https://ecampus.phoenix.edu/secure/resource/resource.asp Sloan C. Out of Synch. Home Textiles Today [serial online]. March 28, 2005:39, 39. Available from: Business Source Complete, Ipswich, MA. Accessed September 9, 2007.
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The System Development Life Cycle (SDLC) plan includes six phases. These six phases are The Preliminary Investigation Phase, The Analysis Phase, The Design Phase, The Implementation Phase, and The Maintenance Phase. (1) If this plan had been followed there would have probably been much different results.
A management information system (MIS) is an information collection and analysis system that facilitates access to program and participant information."(mays.tamu.edu, 2013) This system is usually computerized. Businesses use MIS at all levels of operation to collect, process and store data. Management uses this data in the form of information needed to carry out the daily operations of the business. Everyone who works in business, from someone who pays the bills to the person who makes employment decisions, uses MIS. In fact, many (if not most) companies concentrate on the alignment of MIS with business goals to achieve competitive advantage over other companies. "The major components of the MIS are the database, the model base, and the user interface. The database is used to store important data, the model base has the required statistical models in order to analyze the large amounts of data, and the user interface allows the user of the software to navigate through it and use it with ease."(mays.tamu.edu, 2013)
The systems planning phase is the first phase completed in the SDLC. It encompasses evaluating the feasibility and the cost of the system, identifying the risks involved with implementing the system, and determining the responsibilities of each of the team members. To begin the planning phase, a systems request is submitted to the IT department, detailing the problems and changes to be made in a system. (Rosenblatt, 2014). It is important to note that the request may be a large, significant request, or it can be a smaller, more minor request; however, each request should be addressed using the systems development life cycle. After the request has been made, a feasibility study is conducted that determines the costs and benefits of the new or improved system. The study then recommends a strategy that is best for the system in terms of technical, monetary, and time factors.
The Systems Development Life Cycle (SDLC) consists of phases used in developing a piece of software. It is the plan of how to develop and maintain software, and when necessary, replace that software. In 2007 during my hospital’s transition to a new software system, I was fortunate enough to be included in the process. I did not get involved until the implementation phase, but from then on, until now, I remain very active in the process. I decided to highlight the Waterfall Model of SDLC. The Waterfall Model is a “sequential development process” with each phase continuing in a line (McGonigle and Mastrian, 2012, p. 205).
Williams, (1997) identified four steps to system planning. Earl (1989) proposed five alternate strategy frameworks which project managers should consider when deciding how the system will enhance the business function. Standard business strategy methods are used to identify such opportunities by using: value chains, application searching and information analysis (Earl 1989).
Stair, R. M. (2008) Fundamentals of business information systems, Australia; United Kingdom: Course Technology CENGAGE Learning.
Haag, S. & Cummings, M. (2008). Management information systems for the information age (Laureate Education, Inc., custom ed.). Boston: McGraw-Hill/Irwin.
Paige B., Brian D. and Cameron W. (2012). Business Driven Information Systems, 3rd Canadian Ed. 300 Water St, Whitby, ON L1N 9B6, McGraw Hill Ryerson Ltd
Laudon C. & J. Laudon (2003: 5th edition) Essentials of Management Information Systems. London: Prentice Hall International Limited
Management information systems can be used as a support to managers to provide a competitive advantage. The system must support the goals of the organization. Most organizations are structured along functional lines, and the typical systems are identified as follows: