Blacks were discriminated almost every aspect of life. The Jim Crow laws helped in this discrimination. The Jim Crow laws were laws using racial segregation from 1876 – 1965 at both a social and at a state level.
After the Civil War, following the Compromise of 1877 and the end of Reconstruction, Southern States moved forward with a campaign to continue segregation and the disenfranchisement of Black Americans. The primary effort being the Jim Crow laws.
...upreme Court ruling upheld Louisiana’s right to segregate railway cars. The court said that the fourteenth amendment to the United States constitution mandated politically equality not social equality. The Jim Crow laws would eventually lead to segregation in schools, libraries, and parks. Racism was at an all time high and not looking good for African American’s. Especially since the Klu Klux Klan was on the rise. The KKK was a terrorist group who targeted former slaves, carpetbaggers, and scalawags. The KKK feared a lot of people and so they should have. Jim crow would eventually come to an end in the mid twenty century. Civil Rights movements and Brown v. Board of Education played a heavy role in putting a stop to the Jim Crow laws. During this time before racism had so called “ended”, African Americans were always reminded that they were second-class citizens.
After the civil war (1861-65), began the period known as Reconstruction which lasted approximately twelve years (1865-77). After the Union defeated the Confederacy in the civil war, northern Union troops were sent into the south to make sure the Reconstruction of the south was happening and to protect the rights of the “Freedmen,” or a man freed from slavery (Dictionary.com). For a couple years progress was occurring, Blacks were now voting and gaining Government positions, racial segregation was being opposed, but all that was to come to an end by the 1870’s (history.com). As reconstruction continued, several southern whites starting using violence to intimidate the Republicans, (Democrats were th...
The effects of racial prejudice and segregation aimed at African Americans in the south on their lives and opportunities were deep-seeded and long lasting. The effects of segregation were perhaps the most destructive because they were legal and above-board. These laws illustrated to the African American population that their struggle was not limited to battling the backward notions and violent actions of cowardly southern rednecks, but that they had to overcome the mentality and ideology of a national government and, in fact, an entire society, that was failing to recognize them as citizens worthy of the basic rights and freedoms to which they were entitled as Americans.
The reconstruction period, that started after the defeat of the Confederate States of America, lasted for twelve years starting from 1865 to 1877.The elections of 1876 brought an end to this era in which the whites of the Democratic party gained political control in the south while the Republican Party, which mainly constituted of the Blacks, lost terribly because blacks were not allowed to register their votes. By the early 20th centaury, majority of the elected officials in the south were Democrats, the white domination caused increase in the violence on African Americans and they were detained from their rights of education, employment and religion.
...e Radical Republicans had embarked on a costly Reconstruction plan and set up legislation meant to protect black civil rights, the blacks did not thrive. The Supreme Court successfully chipped away at any progress made by the Republicans. Rulings made in the later half of the 19th Century reduced the scope of the 13th, 14th and 15th amendments, and lead to the further subordination of the Black race by Southern State governments. Southern whites were allowed to set up a system that kept blacks as prisoners without any say on their future. The social practices, including segregation, curfews, violence and disfranchisement that the Blacks suffered left them anything but free as the 20th Century dawned. The amendments to the Constitution had been made, but the whites did not take the time after 1866 to abolish the prejudice that came with slavery, giving testimony to theory that the North engaged in the Civil War for economic, not moral reasons. The application of racism after the Civil War was just as rampant, but much more subtle than before the Civil War, making it much more difficult to confront, and resulting in a century of unequal education, inferior treatment and segregation.
After the Civil War ended, Southern Whites were bitter and resentful. They tried as hard as they could to try and keep the Blacks as near slavery as possible. Although Congress set up the Freedman's Bureau and passed the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments, Southerners found ways to prevent Blacks from obtaining social and economic equality. Blacks could only find work performing the lowliest jobs, and were often denied jobs because of the color of their skin. Because of the “separate but equal” decision in Plessy vs. Ferguson, all institutions, public and private in the South remained segregated on the basis of race. There was no political will in the North to enforce social and economic equality. At that time emerged the Ku Klux Klan, a terrorist group that terrorized Blacks who sought to better themselves. Reconstruction failed because white Southerners did not want black people to have social and economic opportunities, they resisted strongly because they were very opposed to the idea of Blacks having equality. Another reason Reconstruction failed was because the Northerners did not care enough about black equality and they did not try hard enough to break this conflict.
...led with slavery, but was more concerned with the unity of the nation. The black community slowly gained liberty throughout the era. Pre Jim Crow era, the Reconstruction Amendments were developed and the black population were fundamentally equal to that of the white folk. Blacks were able to vote, slavery was ended, and their rights as citizens were protected. The Reconstruction didn’t remain stable and soon fell years later. The rise of the Jim Crow laws proved to be invincible, removing rights from blacks and enforcing segregation. The separate but equal rights were established, but trailed far from the purpose. Blacks were presumed to be within equality with whites; however, this was not the case. This remained the situation for years to come until the Brown decision started to pave the way for full equality, power, and liberty between whites and blacks.