After the Civil War the Reconstruction Era occurred in the southern United States. The Reconstruction Era deeply impacted the south in a negative way for minority. African American were unjustly treated by the white Americans, their rights were limited and or taken away. As a result, they fought hard to obtain equal treatment as citizens. Blacks tried to fight segregation in many ways like at the ballot boxes, in the courtrooms, and through organizations like the National Association of the Advancement of Colored People. Beginning in 1873, a series of Supreme Court decisions limited the scope of Reconstruction-era laws and federal support for the Reconstruction Amendments, particularly the 14th and 15th, which gave African Americans the status …show more content…
Florida, Louisiana and South Carolina became Democratic once again, effectively marking the end of the Reconstruction Era. Later, the Jim Crow Laws had been inducted. The Jim Crow Laws were state laws that enforced segregation in the south which did not provide the African Americans the same rights as the Caucasians. Activist like W.E.B. Dubois fought for civil rights and implemented strategies for higher education for all black Americans. Booker T. Washington, was another activist who also provided industrial education to African Americans. In my opinion, The Flaggs Groves School is most effective institution to counteract the Jim …show more content…
It ushered in a way of independence, flushed out the old slavery lifestyle/mentality, and made the African Americans feel less submissive to the Anglo-Saxons race. Another way the Jim Crow Laws made its impact was by limiting public transportation which in turn affected job opportunities for African Americans. For instance, the percentage African American workers was very high and each individual worked very hard for a very low wages. But unfortunately there was still some blacks that did not work due to the limited occupations for blacks in the south. Lastly, the Jim Crow Laws dictated African Americans public life by making it illegal to use the same restrooms, dine in the same eating establishments, and shop in the same stores. For example, black people had to use black only restrooms in public places, if they did not they would be punished, blacks could only eat in certain restaurants, and when shopping blacks had to go to the back of the stores to try on
Click here to unlock this and over one million essaysShow More
A common misconception is that all white citizens hated and disrespected black citizens; however, “Even when the Jim Crow laws were being enacted, many people (including white people) felt that they were not fair. They believed that blacks and whites should have equal access to opportunity” (The Impact of Jim Crow Laws on Education 1). The Jim Crow Laws legally separated black citizens and white citizens with segregation in schools, public bathrooms, water fountains, and many more public places. Signs that read “Colored Only” or “White Only” were visible everywhere during that time period (Racial Segregation in the American South: Jim Crow Laws 1). Shockingly, in South Carolina, black textile workers could not even enter through the same door as a white man, let alone work in the same room (A Brief History of Jim Crow 1). Black citizens had a hard time earning money because of this, especially because many unions passed laws that disabled African-americans from working there (A Brief History of Jim Crow
...upreme Court ruling upheld Louisiana’s right to segregate railway cars. The court said that the fourteenth amendment to the United States constitution mandated politically equality not social equality. The Jim Crow laws would eventually lead to segregation in schools, libraries, and parks. Racism was at an all time high and not looking good for African American’s. Especially since the Klu Klux Klan was on the rise. The KKK was a terrorist group who targeted former slaves, carpetbaggers, and scalawags. The KKK feared a lot of people and so they should have. Jim crow would eventually come to an end in the mid twenty century. Civil Rights movements and Brown v. Board of Education played a heavy role in putting a stop to the Jim Crow laws. During this time before racism had so called “ended”, African Americans were always reminded that they were second-class citizens.
Jim Crow laws separated colored people from whites and forced them to inferior living conditions as well as denying black’s equal economic opportunities. Many laws were put in place to keep blacks separated from whites and when they were together, the engagements were closely regulat...
Tragically, however, very few of these goals were achieved. It seems as if every time the African Americans manage to move one step closer to reaching true equality among the Southern whites, whether it be in a social, political, or economic fashion, the whites always react by committing violent acts against them. Initially, the Southern whites (in fear of black supremacy in Southern politics) fought to preserve the white supremacy Southern politics had always functioned by. This “ushered most African Americans to the margins of the southern political world” (Brinkley, 369). Secondly, African Americans struggled to survive once they were set free; they had nowhere to live and nothing to eat. Because of such reasons, most former slaves decided to remain living on their plantations as tenants, paying their tenancy by working the crop fields. Sadly, even this failed for the African Americans due to the birth of the crop-lien system. Lastly, the Southern whites counteracted the effects of the fourteenth and fifteenth amendments by establishing the Jim Crow laws, which aided them with upholding, if not increasing, the steady level of segregation in the South. Ultimately, out of the very few accomplishments made by the African American population during and following the Era of Reconstruction, there existed one achievement significant enough to change the course of American history: the fourteenth and fifteenth amendments. As a result of these amendments, “would one day serve as the basis for a “Second Reconstruction” that would renew the drive to bring freedom to all Americans” (Brinkley,
Some of the impacts caused by these laws were cultural, such as black people not being able to wed Caucasian (white) people. Other impacts were mental; “Jim Crow” also caused “Segregation Stress Syndrome (SSS)”. This syndrome also had a long lasting psychological effect on young and elderly African Americans. Last but not the least, the financial status of the African Americans compared to that of the Caucasian people was greatly impacted by these laws. Based on these laws African American people were considered as second class citizens, whereas white people were considered as first class people. The “Jim Crow” laws have affected many people in the present era by playing a crucial role in our nation’s history, these laws have made us revere our African American leaders more than what we would have if these laws never
Jim Crow Laws- The Jim Crow Laws were a set of laws with the purpose of allowing the discrimination of African-Americans in the United States. Jim Crow Laws had been previously used in the majority of American states to aid in the enforcement of segregation. These laws made interracial marriage illegal, required business to keep their clients of differing races separate, and promoted the various forms of segregation between races. Following The American Civil Rights Movement, the thirteenth (13th), fourteenth (14th), and fifteenth (15th) Amendments were added to the American Constitution, causing many southern segregation supporters to request their state legislators enact laws (Jim Crow Laws) that would allow them to continue to segregate African-Americans in everyday life. These laws and ones like them are now no longer in use in modern American society, due to segregation being illegal in all American states. These laws were the sort that required Melba and other African-Americans to have to go to a lesser quality school (Horace Mann). Jim Crow Laws were the basis for the system on which segregation was carried out.
A great deal of discrimination was put onto the African Americans, by the White Americans during the 1930s, intensifying many situations of the American society. The Jim crow laws has been the cause of the segregations that occurred between the races. The laws restrict the many rights of the African Americans. The goal of the Jim Crow laws was to limit the communication between the colored races and whites. (Henry Hampton) The Jim Crow Laws consist of many types of segregations which includes: segregation of public education, segregation of transportation, and segregation of public places which impacted the relationships between races.
The rise of Jim Crow led to increased racial tension. Although Jim Crow was very famous in the South, Jim Crow also took place in the North. As the migration of African-Americans to the North grew stronger, whites looked to segregate public places such as restaurants, hotels, theaters, as well as other public venues (Boyle 78). For example, Ossian Sweet attended Wilberforce University, which was right outside of Xenia, Ohio. The city had once been proud of this college that was for African-Americans but now due to the rise of Jim Crow, they refused to let the college use any of the town’s facilities or services (Boyle 79). This is just one example of how whites segregated from African-Americans. Another place where segregation occurred was in schools. The Plessy v. Ferguson decision ruled that there could be segregation if the segregated facilities were equal. Segregated schools were very popular in the South but also took place in the North. The problem with this was that the schools were nowhere near equal. African-Americans had very poor school facilities and materials, so they were not getting the same education as the white children, which continued the superiority of the white race. African-Americans looking to attend college also faced ...
Some examples of places that were segregated were schools, buses, jobs, etc. Black children did not receive a quality education like white children did. The schools were segregated so that black children were sent to a lower class school while the white children went to a nicer, upper class school. Since their education was better than the black children 's education, they had an easier time in society after school because they were taught in a good learning environment while black students had a harder time in society since their instruction was poor. Many of those students were seen as inferior to society(Walters). They lacked the knowledge that white people believed made them their superiors. Teachers in black schools were usually black and had gone to the school they were teaching at when they were little. They would sometimes have no teaching experience and have very little education because they did not get a quality education when they were young. Even if they did have the education, they were still expected to act like they knew nothing. As time grew closer to the 1960s, people realized that black people had had enough and were starting to
laws that were created for African Americans in 1876. This law separated African Americans from white Americans. There are many examples how the Jim Crow Laws affected African Americans; For instance, African Americans had separate schools, transportation, restrooms, and restaurants apart from white Americans. In 1865, the government provided protection for African Americans who were once slaves. The Jim Crow laws seemed unfair to African Americans, but
The Jim Crow laws were discriminating to African Americans because they received unfair punishments, no one cared about the African American’s opinions, and they replaced slavery with laws that encouraged racial inequality. The Jim Crow laws were established because people wanted to segregate the African Americans and it allowed them to live happier lives and only allowed their lifestyle to become more content. They were treated like they were less than other people, couldn’t get a job, and they couldn’t sit where they wanted to on a bus. Racist groups did this because they believed in a lie: they believed African Americans were nothing. But they were utterly and ignorantly wrong.
The main idea of the Jim Crow laws was to keep black people away from whites, to live separately but equally. Most often this did not happen, which the whites were expecting the “Negros” to be lower than themselves and unable to function without them, until a community in Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA, was started by blacks in 1908. They lived in a community called Greenwood. With only fifteen thousand residents, the blacks built their own little country despite the adversity they had received. Their community was one of the richest in the USA. So, it seems the Jim Crow laws that was meant to leave them destitute, was the option for the blacks to thrive. Blacks had their own businesses, schools, movie theaters, churches, transportation system, and they even had their own airlines. They were their own doctors, teachers, architects, pastors, artists, and musicians. As a bonus they were also very oil rich as well.
... and slavery left millions of newly freed African Americans in the South without an education, a home, or a job. Before reconstruction was put in place, African Americans in the South were left roaming helplessly and hopelessly. During the reconstruction period, the African Americans’ situation did not get much better. Although helped by the government, African Americans were faced with a new problem. African Americans in the South were now being terrorized and violently discriminated by nativist groups such as the Ku Klux Klan. Such groups formed in backlash to Reconstruction and canceled out all the positive factors of Reconstruction. At last, after the Compromise of 1877, the military was taken out of the South and all of the Reconstruction’s efforts were basically for nothing. African Americans in the South were back to the conditions they started with.
The laws known as “Jim Crow” were laws presented to basically establish racial apartheid in the United States. These laws were more than in effect for “for three centuries of a century beginning in the 1800s” according to a Jim Crow Law article on PBS. Many try to say these laws didn’t have that big of an effect on African American lives but in affected almost everything in their daily life from segregation of things: such as schools, parks, restrooms, libraries, bus seatings, and also restaurants. The government got away with this because of the legal theory “separate but equal” but none of the blacks establishments were to the same standards of the whites. Signs that read “Whites Only” and “Colored” were seen at places all arounds cities.