Nevertheless, many eligible black citizens were prevented from voting; especially in the Southern states of America. Long-standing Southern congressmen exploited their authority to halt legislation that would help blacks. The power of the state governments allowed the continuation of white supremacy and discrimination; the state governments controlled education, transportation and law enforcement. As a result, enfranchisement did not bring greater equality to the black community in America. However, external events such as the two World Wars and the Great Depression encouraged greater equality between blacks and whites.
But not everyone believed in white superiority, but in equality. There were multiple groups for and against this type of segregation. “The National Association for the Advancement of Colored... ... middle of paper ... ...rnment cared about the deaths and segregation that was currently happening at that time. As the years went on, African Americans were cared about less and less, and hated more and more. The Jim Crow laws were discriminating to African Americans because they received unfair punishments, no one cared about the African American’s opinions, and they replaced slavery with laws that encouraged racial inequality.
Ostracism in and of itself is a condition no human wants to experience but compounded with disrespect and abuse, it describes the condition of the African Americans prior to the Thirteenth, Fourteenth , and Fifteenth Amendments. The Thirteenth Amendment supposedly outlawed slavery; however, whites still found ways around the law in order to keep blacks below them. The Fourteenth Amendment granted blacks citizenship, but they were still denied basic rights. The Fifteenth Amendment granted blacks the right to vote; however, most blacks were incapable of voting due to specific obstacles. Jim Crow Laws were an extreme obstacle in the integration of African Americans.
For example, during reconstruction time, there were many racist magazines and movies that depicted blacks as savages and injudicious. In the 1800s, a lot of whites did not care how many of the stereotypes against African Americans were false, due to how they grew up and how they were close minded. Racist views were also taught in schools by teachers, and parents also taught their children their negative views on African Americans. Many people, like historians and educators, divide reconstruction into two phases, presidential and congressional reconstruction (Reconstruction 2). Presidential reconstruction was giving African Americans civil rights, but they were denied to vote and President Andrew Johnson, the president after Lincoln, established black codes.
Since African American were kept out of society for more than 200 years, it was hard for whites to accepted blacks as equal people. Southern states passed the Black Codes, which restricted African Americans freedom. The point of the codes was to reduce influence of free blacks which were granted some rights during the Presidential Reconstruction, to prevent them from voting, bearing arms, be together to worship and learning to read and write. They also imposed restrictions on black citizenship to be able to still control labor of blacks. Another factor which made it harder for freed slaves to enter the society was the Ku Klux Klan organization, which can be described as “Original American Terrorist Organizations”.
Every state had their own form of the Jim Crow laws. African-Americans used to be treated very poorly by the rest of the United States. They were still treated as though they were slaves until the end of the Jim Crow laws. Even after that, southern states still attempted to keep African-Americans from being equal to the rest of Americans. Taxes were put up in order to vote, which kept African-Americans from doing so because most were very poor.
These state laws varied in strictness and detail from state to state; they abased the status of the freedmen by regulating their activities and treating them as social and civil inferiors. Generally black codes were not beneficial, because the supposedly freedmen were treated little more than slaves. "Furthermore, to define the status of freed men and women and control their labor, some legislatures merely revised large sections of the slave codes by substituting the word freedmen for slave." (pg. 448 Nortan) Congress would not stand for such injustice.
Even though they had abolished slavery, during the 1890s blacks were still judged and discriminated against. The problems of crime, underemployment and poverty were not because of the blacks, but because of the city itself and the people living in it. The city as a whole decides to view the blacks as a problem because they need someone to blame. African Americans want privileges just like everyone else, such as the right to vote, the right to receive an education and equality without people thinking they are a problem to the city or anyone. Du Bois studied all of the
It also required that all rejoining states allow free black men to vote and receive the rights guaranteed to him in the Fourteenth Amendment. However, not all states that rejoined the Union met these requirements. Reconstruction was a failure because it resulted in the Black Codes. The Black Codes were a series of laws designed to regulate the affairs of the emancipated slaves. They were made to enforce a lower-class labor force that would help in rebuilding the economy which had been destroyed by the Civil War.
Black Status: Post Civil War America After the emancipation of slaves in 1862, the status of African-Americans in post civil war America up until the beginning of the twentieth century did not go through a great deal of change. Much legislation was passed to help blacks in this period. The Civil Rights act of 1875 prohibited segregation in public facilities and various government amendments gave African-Americans even more guaranteed rights. Even with this government legislation, the newly dubbed 'freedmen' were still discriminated against by most people and, ironically, they were soon to be restricted and segregated once again under government rulings in important court cases of the era. Reconstruction was intended to give African-Americans the chance for a new and better life.