Tracing all the way back to 1865, African Americans have struggled trying to establish equal rights and having the same privileges as white men. Several years went by before African Americans decided to take action and take a stand for their people. It wasn't until 1954 when the Civil Rights Movement took place and African Americans made an effort to move towards equality for all people, and to get rid of racism. The process was long, and required persistence and dedication, but the blacks were determined to achieve racial equality. The events that took place during the Civil Rights Movement were unjust and left a large impact on the African Americans.
In order for them to achieve this, the white southerners came up with the Jim Crow laws to prevent the African Americans from achieving their god given right of being free and equal. This did not end the African hope of becoming equal. After many years of mistreatment, African Americans knew that change in society was necessary. The members of the black population have been enslaved, beaten, abused, neglected and just taken advantage of, since the end of the civil war, even into present times, African Americans have struggled for equality and rights that white Americans often take for granted. Arguably, no post-war struggle was larger or more significant than the movement to eliminate the Jim Crow laws from existence in the South.
The Emancipation Proclamation was a major turning point in our country’s modern history, but reconstruction caused major conflicts that to many years to resolve. One of the major issues was that southern states had to give blacks the same rights as whites and that did not sit well in the South. This was such an issue that in major cities, riots broke out and harmed many blacks. The black who were additionally emancipated were not financially stable because of the fact that they were never paid before. These issues caused major issues for the blacks in the Reconstruction Era because they were transitioning to a new life where they had to become independent and had equal right as everyone else.
But not all states wanted it to be slaves, the Southern states wanted it and the Northern states didn't. Because it was divided that way, a struggle broke out over if slaves should be free or not. Colored people, also known as slaves, were treated like they were nothing. Like they were some kind of creatures, slavery has had an impact on America for years. This impact caused rage and hurt, slaves put their blood, sweat and tears in their work to not get beaten or get their children harmed as well.
It wasn’t easy being an African American, back then they had to fight in order to achieve where they are today, from slavery and discrimination, there was a very slim chance of hope for freedom or even citizenship. This longing for hope began to shift around the 1950’s during the Civil Rights Movement, where discrimination still took place yet, it is the time when African Americans started to defend their rights and honor to become freemen like every other citizen of the United States. African Americans were beginning to gain recognition after the 14th Amendment was ratified in 1868, which declared all people born natural in the United States and included the slaves that were previously declared free. However, this didn’t prevent the people from disputing against the constitutional law, especially the people in the South who continued to retaliate against African Americans and the idea of integration in white schools. Integration in white schools played a major role in the battle for Civil Rights in the South, upon the coming of independence for all African American people in the United States after a series of tribulations and loss of hope.
Of course the country has made great strides against racism and granted civil rights to African Americans since the Civil War. Yet still there was a period of time when freed slaves were in many ways not free at all. The former slaves experience was in some ways the same as when they were slaves and in others much worse. There was widespread racism and despicable crimes committed against them. The government was either unable or unwilling to give freedmen land and equal opportunities in society and even when they were given rights they were often undermined or reversed.
After the civil war, newly freed slaves faced many challenges. Whites, especially in the south, regarded blacks as inferior more than ever before. The black codes were just one obstacle the freed slaves had to overcome. They were laws that were passed in the southern states that had the intent and the effect of restricting African Americans freedom. These laws made it possible for the south to regain control over the black population in much of the same ways they had before.
It appeared as if all freed men and women would soon be as fortunate as any white person. Unfortunately, this was an illusion. While Congress could ratify amendments, the states retained a massive amount of power and utilized this to reissue the Slave Codes as Black Codes. While all of the southern states passed Black Codes, Mississippi was the first to do so. With the black codes in place, it seemed as though freedom was not going to just fall in the laps of the newly freed men and women, but that it would be a battle fought for decades.
Black Status: Post Civil War America After the emancipation of slaves in 1862, the status of African-Americans in post civil war America up until the beginning of the twentieth century did not go through a great deal of change. Much legislation was passed to help blacks in this period. The Civil Rights act of 1875 prohibited segregation in public facilities and various government amendments gave African-Americans even more guaranteed rights. Even with this government legislation, the newly dubbed 'freedmen' were still discriminated against by most people and, ironically, they were soon to be restricted and segregated once again under government rulings in important court cases of the era. Reconstruction was intended to give African-Americans the chance for a new and better life.
Others were more combative in their dealings, hoping that militancy would force whites to surrender unto blacks their basic rights. Those who remained thought that progress was not plausible wherever they were, thus a physical vacation would be essential to escape confinement and oppressive attitudes toward blacks. In spite of their differing approaches, the discrepancies amongst blacks were bound by a common interest: to ensure a more promising and progressive future for the entirety of all African Americans. Foremost, in order to comprehend the complexity of the African American dilemma, it is essential to understand their preceding history. Before the outbreak of the Civil War, fought from 1861 until 1865, blacks were bound by the callousness of slavery.