Organization and management would have a strong influential by organizational culture which is emerging from its nature and content (Janićijević, N 2012). Organizational culture is known as a crucial influential factor in evaluating organizations in various contexts and aspects. According to Robbins and Judge, organizational culture is a set of norms, values, attitudes and belief, which the members of an organization have built and adopted through mutual experience and which help them to determine how the things done and the way of members are supposed to behave (Robbins & Judge, 2011, pg 555). Understanding culture is the fundamental to the description and analysis of organizational phenomena (Tharp, 2009). Everyone in the organizations must understand the organization as well as a suitable ways of managing, functioning and changing.
Understanding how culture is created, communicated, and changed in an organization is important for people in the organization and will help one be more effective in his/her organizational life. 2. What Is Organizational Culture & Why It Matters First of all, we need a definition for organization culture: Organizational culture refers to a system of shared assumptions, values, and beliefs that show employees what is appropriate and inappropriate
There are a few functions of culture as follows: i. Give the identity of the organization to members of the organization ii. Facilitate group duty iii. Increase the security of the social framework. Soundness reflects the degree to which the social framework is viewed as a positive work environment and provide reinforcement, as well as the extent of the conflict and change is managed effectively iv.
Schein (1985) has also noted that culture is a body of solutions to problems which have worked consistently and are therefore taught to new members as a correct way to perceive, think about, and fell in relation to those problems. Infact these shared philosophies, assumptions, values, expectations, attitudes, and norms bind an organization together. Thus the set of integrated concepts becomes the manner of strategies through which an organization achieves its specific goals. It can therefore be postulated that an organization's collective culture influences both the attitudes and subsequent behaviors of its employees, as well as the level of performance the organization achieves. Schein (1990) has noted that culture is thought to permeate the organization on at least three fundamental levels.
Good organizations can be linked with the training and development of good employees. Any organization’s success in growth and innovation is dependent upon the talent, motivation, and leadership of its employees. Efforts made to recognize the value of each employee and the job he or she performs will contribute to a workplace environment that inspires, supports, and rewards employee development. Training is important to an organization’s development because jobs have become more complex and affected by advances in technology and corporate changes. For these reasons, training concentrates on an employee’s current position and develops job-specific skills and abilities necessary for the successful performance of his or her job.
Organizational culture is associated to the field of management and organizational studies and it is directly associated to the attitudes, beliefs, norms and values which are related to an organization. The culture of the organization just describes the circumstance that how employees synchronize to coordinate with each other and how this employees treat other members that are attached with the organization. The culture of each organization is closely related with the corporate culture and also comprises the vision and mission of the organization. Moreover, these cultural values are also associated to the goals of an organization, and they are broadly recognized as beliefs and thoughts. These cultural values improve guidelines for the organization and certain norms are established which would describe how the employees of the organization must join forces to work with other employees and what are the procedures of collaborating with other participants of the organization.
Klein et al. positioned organizational culture as the core of organization’s activities which has total effect on its overall effectiveness and the quality of its products and services. Early studies have showed that there is a relationship between organizational culture and its performance. Organizational culture is naturally connected to organizational practices; therefore organizational performance is conditional on organizational culture.” Organizational culture can develop performance in a wide scale if it can be understood that what supports a culture. According to these authors the culture of an organization helps the employees to be aware of the firm’s history as well as current methods of operation and this specific detection concedes the employees with guidance about expected and acceptable future organizational behavior and
Organizations differ in structure, culture, personnel, missions, and various factors. One of the most important components of an organization is diversity, ranging from demographic backgrounds to the knowledge, skills, and attributes of its employees. My ability to fit into an organization determines how well I am able to become a productive asset to my team and the organization as a whole. Likewise, the ability of others to understand their environment and respond in the best appropriate manner maximizes combined efforts and supports organizational goals. “The relationship-centered workplace requires that you understand those around you… you must rely heavily on others and be tuned in to each individual’s needs, preferences, and styles” (Kroeger, Thuesen, & Rutledge, 2002).
If management are able to develop an understanding of what motivates employees to learn, train and perform optimally as individuals through the use of OB concepts then management will enhance not only their own success but also their employees. In conclusion, I would reiterate that OB is very important for anyone to know. There are a lot of useful information within OB for people to apply to their lives. OB can help an individual in the skills of communicating well, listening well, and interacting well. Then for management, OB provides the necessary tools to help understand the different types of people within the company and the possible ways in dealing with the employees.
In the companies where the organizational culture stimulates the team spirit and not the focus on the exercise of authority, a boost the employees’ performance is remarked. To ensure a real performance, the companies should cultivate a creative corporate culture that has the strength to transcend the skills of valorization of the urgent opportunities, and at the same time, to create and take advantage on the opportunities arising in the business environment. There are managers who emphasize the close relationship that should exist between organizational culture and communication system. Such motivation and communication between people on different hierarchical levels (which necessarily include a feedback) help to identifying the problems within the organization and finding, establishing, implementing and carrying out the strategies to resolve them. In this way, the impediments which appear in the way of performance are removed.