Leadership Theory Essay

1209 Words3 Pages

1.0 Leadership theories A leadership theory is a clarification of some features of leadership; theories have practical importance as they are being used for better understanding, anticipating, and controlling successful leadership. Hence, the main principle of any theory is to inform practice(Lussier and Achua 2009). Leadership theories could be classified into eight main categories: Great man, trait, behavioral, contingency, Situational, Participative, Relationship , management (Cherry 2010). 1.1 Great Man Theory (1840s) According to this theory great leaders are born, not made. These great leaders have inherited few or several favorable traits which distinguishes them from common people. For example, Napoleon, Mao-se-Tung are considered to be natural leaders, who have had all qualities of leadership built-in them(Biju 2010). The great man theory notion has been used for the first time by Carlyle in his article on heroes, he has defined the leader as someone gifted with a set of an exceptional qualities which capture the minds and souls of the public(Carlyle 1993). This theory has received some support from some researches(Biju 2010). In a study of 14 nations for periods over 500 to 1000 years, It has been concluded that a leader creates the nation and shapes it according to his unique features(Woods 1913). In another study it has been concluded that leadership is of undeniable importance and there is no substitute for it, but it cannot be created or learned(Drucker 2010). At the other extreme, some researchers have pointed out some drawbacks such as(Singla 2010): • It does not have any scientific basis or any empirical strength • Born managers are almost creation of fiction. In such modern, dynamic and fast changing busines... ... middle of paper ... ...icked carefully and practiced judiciously, if it used at all(Gustainis and Roosevelt 2004). 2.2 Laissez- Faire Leadership style This style has been defined as ( Abdicates responsibilities avoid making decisions)(Robbins 2001). That would mean leaders are not involved in taking decisions at all and they are available only to provide their employees with materials and answering questions, the subordinates have complete freedom to take decisions and set objectives (Chaudhry and Husnain 2012). In other words, this theory lacks any kind on powerful leadership. Hence, there would be lack of motivation, low levels of performance, and poor work practices(Packard 2009). However, if the employees are already motivated and have full understanding and high level of knowledge regarding the mission at hand, Lassies- Faire model might works fine (Gustainis and Roosevelt 2004) .

Open Document