Enzyme Catalysed Reaction Essays

  • Catalase Activity Experiment

    1211 Words  | 3 Pages

    Catalase Activity Experiment Aim: to find out if different concentration of hydrogen peroxide release different amounts of oxygen when in contact with catalase enzyme. Risk assessment: Hydrogen peroxide is corrosive and can therefore irritate the skin and damage the eye if it comes into contact with these. To prevent this extra caution must be taken to avoid contact with the skin and goggles should be worn while carrying out the experiments. Other sharp implements such as the scalpel

  • The Effect of a Catalase on the Breakdown of Hydrogen Peroxide

    1121 Words  | 3 Pages

    Effect of a Catalase on the Breakdown of Hydrogen Peroxide Aim To follow the progress of a catalysed reaction by measuring the volume of gas produced as the reaction proceeds. Using the initial rates of a series of experiments I will be able to find the orders of the reaction with respect to enzyme and substrate. Also to find out if concentration has an effect on the reaction when an enzyme is used to accelerate the breakdown of hydrogen peroxide. Introduction / Background Information

  • Glycolysis Essay

    985 Words  | 2 Pages

    pyruvate. Glycolysis consists of ten enzyme catalysed reactions. Cells can only utilise phosphorylated glucose. The first reaction in glycolysis is therefore a phosphorylation of glucose to glucose 6-phosphate. In E. coli this is generally performed by the glucose specific phosphotransferase system (PTS) [9]. This system consists of several enzymes that use phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) produced during glycolysis as the phosphate source. The products of the reaction are glucose 6-phosphate and pyruvate

  • Mno2o2 Lab Report

    1065 Words  | 3 Pages

    Discussion Questions The MnO2 was used as a controlled tube to show the reaction with just deionized water and MnO2. This tube is also able to be used as a comparison with other tubes in which MnO2 is used. MnO2 catalyzed the breakdown of H2O2 in Test 4. This is shown by the release of bubbles from the H2O2. The enzyme sped up the reaction of H2O2 and that allowed the H2O to remain while the O2 was released as bubbles. After the enzyme was used, it stayed on top of the remaining H2O in a form of black

  • Notes On Kinetics Of Enzyme Kinetics

    965 Words  | 2 Pages

    Kinetics of Enzyme catalysed reactions: Enzyme kinetics deals with the rate of enzyme catalyzed reactions. This provide information about several important aspects such as:- i)Specificity of enzyme ii)Mechanism of enzyme action iii)Parameters which characterize the physical properties of enzymes. In order to understand enzyme kinetics, it is important to understand Vmax and Michaelis-Menten constant. The rate of reaction catalyzed by an enzyme increases

  • Investigating Amylase

    1938 Words  | 4 Pages

    investigate how effectively the enzyme amylase breaks down starch at different temperatures, and therefore to find the optimum temperature that amylase digests starch. Introduction: Thousands of chemical reactions take place in our cells and those reactions need to happen quickly in order to keep us active. These chemicals are called ENZYMES. Enzymes make reactions happen at a much faster rate. Enzymes come in two main types, breakers and builders. Breaker-enzymes break down large molecules

  • Temperature And Ph Effect On The Enzymatic Activity Of A Amylase

    1153 Words  | 3 Pages

    pH effects on the enzymatic activity of a-amylase Introduction Enzymes are fundamental molecules within Organisms. They are the biological catalysts of the cells; enhancing the rate of biochemical reactions, ensuring metabolic needs are met. These molecules are identified as globular proteins with a three dimensional structure and are composed of one or more polypeptide chains. The polypeptide chain or chains within an enzyme are folded to form a specific active site. Each different structured

  • The Uses of Enzymes In Industry, Medicine and Analytical and Diagnostic Processes

    1198 Words  | 3 Pages

    Uses of Enzymes In Industry, Medicine and Analytical and Diagnostic Processes Enzymes are very precise protein molecules with a high specificity which are used to catalyse chemical reactions by lowering the activation energy required for the reaction to take place. It is these properties of being able to break down substances easily and bind specifically to certain chemicals that make enzymes very useful in many industries and practices throughout the world. In addition to this enzymes are not

  • C3 Photosynthesis Essay

    538 Words  | 2 Pages

    this 3 carbon product that the name C3 photosynthesis comes from. This reaction catalysed by the enzyme Ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase-oxygenase (Rubisco) 2. Reduction of 3-phosphoglycerate to the carbohydrate glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate, utilizing the ATP and NADPH formed in the light harvesting reactions. 3. Regeneration of the initial substrate RuBP (Taiz & Zeiger 2006). These stages encompass thirteen different reactions the net result of which is: 3CO2+5H2O+6NADPH+9ATP→glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate+6NAD

  • Anaerobic Respiration Essay

    1644 Words  | 4 Pages

    Task 1 There are our series in the degradation of glucose in the two different forms of respiration. This includes glycolysis, link reaction, Krebs cycle and the electron transport chain. The degradation of one molecule of glucose in the presence of oxygen goes through all four series. Inside aerobic respiration, the pyruvate moves to the mitochondria, whereas in the anaerobic respiration, the pyruvate stays in the cytoplasm. This is therefore showing that anaerobic respiration goes through all

  • Km And Vmax And Enzyme Kinetics

    912 Words  | 2 Pages

    An enzymatic reaction also known as enzyme kinetics involves enzymes which are catalysts which speed up a reaction without being used up itself and do not appear as reaction products. Kinetics measures the rate of a chemical reaction to help determine the concentration or quantity of the enzyme of interest. Km and Vmax are used as constants in any enzyme reactions. (1) Vmax is known as the maximum velocity at which the reaction can be catalysed. It is used to measure the enzymes concentration and

  • Investigating the Effect of Enzyme Concentration on the Hydrolysis of Starch with Amylase

    4181 Words  | 9 Pages

    Investigating the Effect of Enzyme Concentration on the Hydrolysis of Starch with Amylase Aim: Investigate the effect of enzyme concentration on the rate of an enzyme-controlled reaction. Using amylase and starch as my example. Introduction: I am investigating the effect of the concentration of the enzyme, amylase on the time taken for the enzyme to fully breakdown the substrate, starch to a sugar solution. The varied variable will be the concentration and all other variables are going

  • Research Paper On Enzymes

    1062 Words  | 3 Pages

    Discussion The structure of an enzyme is a globular protein made up of amino acid and polymers which are linked together known as polypeptide bonds. Enzyme molecules are arched into a three dimensional shape, the outside of the molecule have hydrophillic R groups (side chains) ensuring they are soluble. As enzymes are proteins they can be damaged at high temperatures, this is known as denaturing. There are many enzymes in the body which catalyses or speeds up chemical reaction in cells that would otherwise

  • Chemistry Investigation

    2467 Words  | 5 Pages

    which affects the rate of fermentation of yeast. Several factors affect the rate of reaction:  Increasing the concentration. (See the lock and key theory.) If the substrate (glucose) is increased, then there would be more keys for the locks, therefore an increase in reactant concentration leads to an increase in reaction rate.  The surface area, the bigger the surface area, the faster the reaction time is, as the reactant can reach more parts.  The temperature, an increase

  • The Effect of pH on the Digestion of Casein by Trypsin

    789 Words  | 2 Pages

    more enzyme substrate complexes are likely to occur with the casein in the milk, causing digestion of the casein to be faster. However, I don’t wantowever digestion to occur too quickly as I will not be able to analyse the effect of PH. Therefore, I chose a lower concentration which would allow me to test the percentage transmission at different PH. Enzymes are proteins that act as catalysts to speed up reactions without being used up. However, I will use a higher amount of enzyme than

  • Pharmacokinetics Case Study

    1050 Words  | 3 Pages

    Pharmacokinetics and its implications on chemical therapy Pharmacokinetics is one of the two subsections of pharmacology, the other being pharmacodynamics. It studies the processes of Liberation Absorption, Distribution, Metabolism and Excretion of a chemical compound. Pharmacokinetics allows for mathematical practises to be applied to the four processes, and quantify and therefore assess the effect the concentration of a drug has on the body over time. The five parameters of Liberation Absorption

  • Catalase Reaction Essay

    1322 Words  | 3 Pages

    concentration of pH buffer) of catalysed reactions by measuring the volume of oxygen produced as the reaction proceeded. Enzymes are biological catalysts - catalysts are substances that increase the rate of chemical reactions without being altered itself. Enzymes are also proteins that fold into complex shapes that allow smaller molecules to fit into them. The place where these substrate molecules fit is called the active site. The active site is the region of an enzyme where substrate molecules bind

  • Vmax And Km Michaelis-Menten Theory Of Enzymes

    1135 Words  | 3 Pages

    Enzymes are biological catalysts for mainly proteins which speed up reactions without being chemically changed by reducing energy barriers these enzymes can be found in plants and animal cells. Enzymes are able to fold in to complex shapes this allows molecules which are smaller to fit within them. Enzymes join a substrate complex molecule without changing the structure which are temporary held within the active site. When the reaction has occurred the enzymes separates then connects to another

  • The rate of reaction of Succinate dehydrogenase

    1492 Words  | 3 Pages

    The rate of reaction of Succinate dehydrogenase Introduction: Enzymes are protein molecules that function as biological catalysts that can help break larger molecules into smaller molecules while remaining unchanged themselves. They speed up the chemical reactions by lowering the energy of activation barrier, are specific to one molecule. The enzyme’s specificity arises from its active site, an area with a shape corresponding to the molecule with which it reacts (the substrate). The shape of the

  • Feedback Inhibition Essay

    1370 Words  | 3 Pages

    inhibition is a reaction product is used to regulate its own further production. Cells have evolved to use feedback inhibition to regulate enzyme activity in metabolism, by using the products of the enzymatic reactions to inhibit further enzyme activity. Metabolic reactions, such as anabolic and catabolic processes, must proceed according to the demands of the cell. In order to maintain chemical equilibrium and meet the needs of the cell, some metabolic products inhibit the enzymes in the chemical