Bourdieu (1978) defined cultural capital as shared preferences and cultural signals used for social exclusion, gained from an individual’s upbringing and education. His theory that dominant classes use sport in exclusive venues to distance themselves from others is seen to be correct, as sports such as tennis, golf, horse racing, skiing etc. require both leisure time and money, something which those in the ‘upper class’ band of society will seemingly have more of than those defined as ‘lower class’. Tennis and racing are portrayed in the media as a sport that even royals attend, and with expensive spectating prices, it makes it even more difficult for people in the working class band to involve themselves in; they are just left to watch the sport on television. Even in Football; a sport that appeals to all classes in society, the upper class and lowe...
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... paid coaches, and more access to sports clubs out of school time where parents can drive them to and from. However, this doesn’t mean that children from working class backgrounds are less likely to succeed in sport, with provisions such as Sporting Chance, Street Games and School Games, there are opportunities in place for success that any child can achieve.
Sport reflects the values and norms of society. In all capitalist societies, social class influences who participates, who spectates and what sporting news is broadcasted in the media. Patterns of sports participation found in many research studies, whether it is participation or spectating are all closely connected by money and power, and will be seen to be for many years. (Donnelly and Harvey, 2007). In short, the more money and influence a person has in their society, the more accessible sports are to you.
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