Essay Sex Differences On Prefrontally Dependent Cognitive Tasks

Essay Sex Differences On Prefrontally Dependent Cognitive Tasks

Length: 705 words (2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The study I found titled “Sex differences on prefrontally-dependent cognitive tasks” by Kelly Evans and Elizabeth Hampson outlines the differences between male and female processing. Their specific focus was on cognitive tasks that rely primarily on prefrontal cortex (PFC) activation. The researchers expected that men would do better on the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) and tasks that involved the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (VMPFC).
The IGT was used as a measure of decision-making skills. When doing the IGT, participants need to activate the VMPFC to prioritize long-term benefits over short-term rewards. The participants choose cards from four decks on a computer screen. Each card is labeled with some monetary value, and the objective for the participants is to keep as much money as possible. However, some cards in the deck can cause the participant to lose money. Not all four decks are equal in terms of how likely the participant is to draw positive or negative rewards. There are “good” decks and “bad” decks depending on how the losses are distributed. The “good” decks had ...

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

A Research On Human Sex Differences Essay

- After careful consideration I relate more to Dr. Davis M. Buss, known for his evolutionary research on human sex differences in mate selection. Sex differences. Buss posits that men and women have faced different adaptive challenges throughout human history, which shape behavioral difference in males and females today. Example women have to carry the child for nine months and then make it though delivery. Men during pregnancy have thoughts of paternity and having as many children as possible. He also focused on short and long term mating strategies, male and female preference, deception, love, jealousy, and a host of other topics that deal hand and hand with relationships and relationship d...   [tags: Want, Thought, Sex, Need]

Better Essays
1123 words (3.2 pages)

Essay about Sex Differences & Gendered Bodies

- Connell: Chapters 4 “Sex Differences & Gendered Bodies”: I found this entire chapter quite intriguing, but I really appreciate the way that Connell approaches the ways in which males and females differ and yet she also points out how there is no significant difference in brain anatomy and function between sexes. I found the statement by neuroscientist Lesley Rogers incredibly interesting, she states, “The brain does not choose neatly to be wither a female or a male type. In any aspect of brain function that we can measure there is considerable overlap between females and males” (p.52)....   [tags: sexes difference, physical body, gender]

Better Essays
597 words (1.7 pages)

Forgiveness Or Breakup : Sex Differences Essay example

- Research analysis: “Forgiveness or breakup: Sex differences in responses to a partner’s infidelity” Mary Evelyn Crowder The University of Tennessee at Chattanooga   Research analysis: “Forgiveness or breakup: Sex differences in responses to a partner’s infidelity” “Forgiveness or breakup: Sex differences in responses to a partner’s infidelity” is a study that was conducted by Todd K. Shackelford from Florida Atlantic University in Davie, David M. Buss from the University of Texas at Austin, and Kevin Bennett from the University of New Mexico in Albuquerque....   [tags: Scientific method, Research, Sex, Adultery]

Better Essays
786 words (2.2 pages)

The Impact of Evolution and Culture on English Language Differences in the Genders

- Even though men and women both the same language, they speak it very differently. “Language is the means by which we transmit our ideas, feelings, and needs” (Lopez-Rocha 195). The different forms of English they speak can cause communication problems between them. It is a common saying that half of American marriages end in divorce. “Communication problems was cited as the most common factor that leads to divorce (65 percent)” (Poor). Sometimes it is not an actual lack of communication but rather a perceived one....   [tags: sex and gender differences in communication]

Better Essays
1352 words (3.9 pages)

Primed Social Roles on Gender Differences in Conformity Essay

- Conformity is defined as “a change in one’s behavior due to he real or imagined influence of other people.” Research has shown that impersonating a certain group or persons ideas, or conforming to their beliefs, happens so quickly and without thought that it’s mechanical and the reason that conformity is constantly present because it is habitual (Griskevicius, 2006). While assessing a situation we are uncertain about, we can find more precise information by adhering to others, eventually leading to correct decision-making....   [tags: sex differences in human behavior]

Better Essays
1293 words (3.7 pages)

Essay The Effects of Difference Perspectives on Sex

- Historically throughout the earliest centuries, the term gender and sex has been a vital focus in distinguishing the overlap between gender differences. Matlin’s book, Psychology of women, explains that gender similarities of females are at most similar to men, however, considering that culture influences individual’s beliefs; women are expected to behave the way culture entitles us to (Matlin, 2008, p.8). In contrast, the book also reveals that women and men are different from one another in terms of social and intellectual skills according to biological inheritance (Matlin, 2008, p.9)....   [tags: Gender, Sex, Psychology of Women]

Better Essays
540 words (1.5 pages)

Cognitive Psychology : Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Essay

- I’ve been going through different treatments within the mental illness practicing for the last year due to my depression and anxiety. Before Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, I tried the wrong methods, my breaking point before therapy was locking myself in my apartment for a month not willing to talk to anyone. I refused to go to work. I refused to do anything but cry. Being a Phlebotomist in a hospital, I refused to take medications because I didn’t want to lack my greatness and lose any love that I have while drawing a patients’ blood....   [tags: Cognitive behavioral therapy, Psychology]

Better Essays
1361 words (3.9 pages)

Gender Differences Are Often Small And Inconsistent Essay

- Theme 1: Psychological Gender Differences are Typically Small and Inconsistent In Margaret Matlin’s textbook The Psychology of Women, the first consistent theme discussed is in regards to gender differences. Contrary to popular belief, psychological gender differences are typically small and inconsistent. Throughout the text, there are numerous situations, examples, and statistical data to support these findings. One example is the lack of gender differences in cognitive abilities. Matlin (2012) states, “Unfortunately, however, when people who are not experts discuss gender comparisons in thinking, they almost always emphasize gender differences....   [tags: Gender, Gender role, Gender differences]

Better Essays
1793 words (5.1 pages)

Essay on Sex Offender Treatment: A Literature Review

- The purpose of this literature review is to discuss the importance of sexual offender treatment, to compare and contrast research points regarding treatment, and to address the validity of the peer reviewed articles. Every year 6,000 sex offenders enter treatment (Waldram, 2008). Various therapeutic treatment options are offered, and the primary focus is to rehabilitate and change behavior. The body of research reveals different therapeutic treatment models and discusses the purpose and effectiveness of each model....   [tags: sex offender, cognitive behavioral therapy, recidi]

Better Essays
2338 words (6.7 pages)

The Differences Between Sex And Gender Essay

- There seems to be some confusion for some people between the difference of sex and gender. Sex is biologically being male or female. Gender is defined as psychological, cultural, and social characteristics belonging to male and females. There are several influences on gender which include chromosomal sex, gonadal sex, and hormonal sex. Chromosomal sex is the combination of sex chromosomes which is determined at conception. Gonadal sex are gonads that are developed six weeks after conception. Hormonal sex is the class of hormones that are released by gonads....   [tags: Transgender, Gender, Homosexuality]

Better Essays
720 words (2.1 pages)