Dorothea Orem was born in 1914 in Baltimore, Maryland into a modest family, the youngest daughter of a construction worker father and a homemaker mother. After her completion of her local high school in Baltimore Orem’s went on to receive a nursing diploma from the Providence hospital school of nursing in 1934. Finding that the higher positions in health care required more than a diploma she completed her bachelor’s degree in 1939. Working as the head of nursing Orem’s noticed that patient have a better ability to heal when they are able to participate in their cares. In 1945 Orem’s received her Masters from the Catholic University of America and began her journey in changing the future of nursing. Orem’s goal was to upgrade the quality of nursing, throughout the world. Starting this huge journey Orem’s stated by defining the nursing practice, “the nurse determines why the individual needs nursing and collects data about the patient and information about the nature and boundaries of the patient’s health care s...
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... patients should have quality of care.
Orem’s theory of self-care enhances communication among nurses, patients, families allowing the patients a chance to self-care at a time of illness. Orem’s theory is significate in that it shows that all patients want to care for themselves, making recovery more quickly, preforming their own self-cares as much as they can. Assessing the universal, developmental, and health deviation requisites ensures that each patient is receiving individual cares and achieving patient appropriate outcomes. Orem’s theory utilize the assessment, diagnosis, implementation, and evaluation that is used in all health care settings to promote health maintenance. Although there are many theories that have influenced the nursing process, Orem’s self-care theory is straight forward but generalized enough to apply to a wide variety of patients.
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