Orem 's Theory Of Self Care Essay

Orem 's Theory Of Self Care Essay

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Dorothea Orem published Nursing Concepts of Practice in 1971, in which she explained her theory of nursing the Self-Care Theory. Self-Care Theory established Orem’s as the leading theorists in nursing practice and education. Orem’s has published many other paper, spoke at conferences and workshops around the world, and received many awards for her contributions. Orem’s was inducted into American Academy of nursing and nursing honor society. Orem’s believed that people have natural ability to self-care and nurses need to focus on promoting these abilities. Although there are many theorist that have influenced nursing Orem’s theory of Self-Care helps maintain patient’s abilities to stay in their own homes.
Dorothea Orem was born in 1914 in Baltimore, Maryland into a modest family, the youngest daughter of a construction worker father and a homemaker mother. After her completion of her local high school in Baltimore Orem’s went on to receive a nursing diploma from the Providence hospital school of nursing in 1934. Finding that the higher positions in health care required more than a diploma she completed her bachelor’s degree in 1939. Working as the head of nursing Orem’s noticed that patient have a better ability to heal when they are able to participate in their cares. In 1945 Orem’s received her Masters from the Catholic University of America and began her journey in changing the future of nursing. Orem’s goal was to upgrade the quality of nursing, throughout the world. Starting this huge journey Orem’s stated by defining the nursing practice, “the nurse determines why the individual needs nursing and collects data about the patient and information about the nature and boundaries of the patient’s health care s...


... middle of paper ...


... patients should have quality of care.
Orem’s theory of self-care enhances communication among nurses, patients, families allowing the patients a chance to self-care at a time of illness. Orem’s theory is significate in that it shows that all patients want to care for themselves, making recovery more quickly, preforming their own self-cares as much as they can. Assessing the universal, developmental, and health deviation requisites ensures that each patient is receiving individual cares and achieving patient appropriate outcomes. Orem’s theory utilize the assessment, diagnosis, implementation, and evaluation that is used in all health care settings to promote health maintenance. Although there are many theories that have influenced the nursing process, Orem’s self-care theory is straight forward but generalized enough to apply to a wide variety of patients.

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