The Metaparadigm of Nursing: Jacqueline Fawcett

explanatory Essay
880 words
880 words

Around the 1960s, nursing educational leaders wanted to formulate a nursing theory that contained knowledge and basic principles to guide future nurses’ in their practice (Thorne, 2010, p.64). Thus, Jacqueline Fawcett introduced the metaparadigm of nursing. Metaparadigm “identifies the concepts central to the discipline without relating them to the assumptions of a particular world view” (MacIntyre & Mcdonald, 2014). Fawcett’s metaparadigm of nursing included concepts of person, environment, health, and nursing that were interrelated. The metaparadigm ultimately contributed to conceptual framework to guide nurses to perform critical thinking and the nursing process in everyday experiences in clinical settings.
The concept of person needs to be explored to go into further depth with the remaining concepts of the metaparadigm of nursing. Person refers to the person undergoing nursing care which includes individuals, families, groups, and communities (MacIntyre & McDonald, 2014, p.63). It is evident that each person may be unique with different biological, psychological, social, and spiritual depth (Thorne, 2010, p.66). Therefore, it is necessary for nurses to realize that each person at the centre of any nursing care will experience different feelings in regards to their body as a whole. The theorist, Parse, defines the concept of person as being “linked to an unfolding process, the relating of value priorities, meaning, and quality of life” (Wu, 2008, p.6). Also those human beings are free and choose in situations that arise from personal experience and becoming with the universe (Thorne, 2010, p.71). The nurses’ role in regards to this theory is to act encourage individuals in their human becoming process. Wu (2008) looks at the p...

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...urse needs to be able to empathize with the client and understand the differences and barriers between self and client. Nurses need to put the barrier behind and deliver effective, yet appropriate care based on the client’s needs.

Works Cited

DuGas, B. W., Esson, L., & Ronaldson, S. E. (1999). Nursing Foundations. A Canadian Perspective (2nd ed.). Scarborobough, ON: Prentice Hall.
McIntyre, M. & McDonald, C. (2014). Nursing Philosophies, Theories, Concepts, Frameworks, and Models. In Koizer, B., Erb, G., Breman, A., Snyder, S., Buck, M., Yiu, L., & Stamler, L. (Eds.), Fundamentals of Canadian nursing (3rd ed.). (pp.59-74). Toronto, Canada: Pearson.
Thorne, S. (2010). Theoretical Foundation of Nursing Practice. In P.A, Potter, A.G. Perry, J.C, Ross-Kerr, & M.J. Wood (Eds.). Canadian fundamentals of nursing (Revised 4th ed.). (pp.63-73). Toronto, ON: Elsevier.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains jacqueline fawcett's metaparadigm of nursing, which identifies concepts central to the discipline without relating them to assumptions of a particular world view.
  • Explains that the concept of person needs to be explored to go into further depth with the remaining concepts of the metaparadigm of nursing.
  • Explains that environment is the place or community where the person is a part of. it is both internal and external to the client.
  • Explains that the word health is ambiguous and each individual defines health in their own way depending on their situation. nurses need to acknowledge the client's thoughts about health and evaluate care plans to fit their needs.
  • Explains that nursing is more than just "curing" the patient with a disease, it consists of being open-minded and having non-judgmental views. madeleine leininger introduced her cultural care diversity and universality theory.
  • Explains dugas, esson, and ronaldson's nursing foundations. a canadian perspective. koizer, erb, breman, snyder, buck, m, yiu, l, & stamler.
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