Non Fluent Broca 's Aphasia

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Non-fluent Broca’s Aphasia is a neuropsychological condition characterized by damage to the left hemisphere of the brain, it caused primarily by lesions to Broadman’s areas 44 and 45 (Girard Lecture, 2015). Damage to the left hemisphere is associated with the inability to produce fluent speech; however, Broca’s aphasics can comprehension speech and intact vocal mechanisms (Elias and Saucier, 2006). Cognitively people non-fluent Broca’s aphasia often fail to use functioning words, such as pronouns, conjunctions, and prepositions when producing speech; this causes the patient to slowly produce somewhat comprehensible sentences (Elias and Saucier, 2006). Investigative research into Broca’s aphasia has determined that this language disorder is not caused by an inability to produce oral-facial movements. For example, when patients with Broca’s aphasia were asked to imitate the actions of blowing out a candle or clear their throat they could comply with what was asked without any issues. Additionally, patients with Broca’s aphasia preform normally on nonverbal tasks (i.e. calculation) (Elias and Saucier, 2006). However, patients with Broca’s aphasia cannot repeat what was said to them or name objects when asked to (Girard Lecture, 2015). Today, at approximately 4 PM: I sat down to have a cup of tea with my sister. I have no trouble following what she is saying to me; however, when it comes time for me to respond the flow of the conversation slows down. When I speak, my speech is often slow, disjointed and I often neglect to use words that make a sentence complete. It takes me a long time to compose a sentence because I have trouble finding the correct words to use in the sentence when I am speaking. In this diary entry, the individual... ... middle of paper ... ...rticipate in a conversation with quick. By preparing answers the individual would not have to think about their response while they are speaking, this would reduce the frequency of slow incomplete sentences. Another possible remedy for people with non-fluent Broca’s aphasia is to communicate their thoughts in another way, for instance if they were to sing their responses instead of speaking. By singing their response Broca’s aphasics can still communicate normally, without using the damaged portion of the left temporal lobe. It has been shown that patients with Broca’s aphasia have intact singing abilities, particularly when producing a melody (Yamadori et al, 1977). Applying these findings to everyday life, if somebody with Broca’s aphasia were to use a melody when speaking the occurrence of phonemic paraphasia and the laboured incomplete sentences would be reduced.

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