Hegde, M. N. (2001). Pocketguide to treatment in speech-language pathology. (2nd ed., pp. 193-203). San Diego, CA: Singular Thomson Learning.
Laberge, Monique. “Speech Disorders: An Overview.” Perspectives on Diseases and Disorders: Speech Disorders. Ed. Mary Williams Farmington Hills: Gale, 16-25. Print.
Aphasia is present when the patient knoes what he or she wants to say but cannot pronounce it. The patient with sensory aphasia has difficulty understanding language and may articulate words easily but use them inappropriately. (Davi-Ellen Chabner The Language of Medicine 10th edition)
According to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (2014) aphasia is a neurological disorder that is caused by damage a certain part of the brain that is responsible for language. This signs of this disorder primarily include difficulty in speaking or expressing oneself, difficulty understanding spoken language, and difficulty with reading and witting. Aphasia is most common among adults who have suffered from a stroke, a brain tumor, head injury, infection, or dementia that has damaged the brain. The National Institute of Neurological Disorders claims that there are an estimated one million people in the United States who are suffering from aphasia. Depending on the severity and the damage to a certain part of the brain will determine which type of aphasia the subject has. Aphasia can be broken down into four categories, (1) expressive aphasia, also known as Broca’s Aphasia, is when the subject has difficulty expressing his/her thoughts through writing and speech. The subject knows what he/she wants to say, but can not express themselves accordingly; (2) Receptive aphasia, also known as Wernicke’s Aphasia, a subject with this type of aphasia has difficulty understanding spoken language or written language. They can hear and see clearly, they just can not make any sense out of what they hear and see; (3) another kind of aphasia, is amnesia aphasia, which is considered to be the least severe aphasia, is when the subject has difficulty using the correct names for persons, places, events, or certain objects; (4) the last in the category of aphasias, is Global Aphasia, which is the result of a severe and wide areas of areas of the brain that are involved in producing language. Those who suffer from Global Aphasia...
* Difficulty expressing thought in written form * Delayed spoken language * Imprecise or incomplete interpretation of language that is heard * Difficulty in expressing thoughts orally * Confusion about directions in space or time (right and left, up and down,
Brain injuries have been traditionally classified as mild, moderate and severe based upon the duration of loss of consciousness and memory. More recently these classifications have been reconsidered based upon the length and severity of amnesia (4).. How can you measure loss of consciousness and memory? How does the length of amnesia better predict the severity of a brain injury versus the traditional method of classifying brain injury based upon the length of loss consciousness? Head trauma is by far the most common cause of amnesia, but the condition often goes unrecognized as patients more serious medical problems become the foremost concern (3).. Traumatic amnesia is brain damage caused by a severe non-penetrative blow to the head, such as in a road accident. It can lead to anything from a loss of consciousness for a few seconds to coma. During post-traumatic amnesia, a patient usually fails to remember not only the accident, but also all information learned for several years before the brain injury. A severe blow to the head is likely to cause loss of consciousness lasting seconds up to months. This state of puzzlement and confusion can pass with time for many cases (1)..
Synder, R. D. & Mortimer, J. (1969). Diagnosis and Treatment: Dyslexia, Pediatrics, 44, 601-606 retrieved from http://web.a.ebscohost.com.proxy.cityu.edu/ehost/detail?sid=a4b271ab-da78-420c-b7c4-cca86502508e%40sessionmgr4001&vid=5&hid=4212&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=pbh&AN=6734500
The neuroanatomical approach to aphasia relies on the localization of lesions on the brain in addition to clinical observation in order to classify patients according to syndromes. For example, according to the neuroanatomical approach, Broca’s aphasia, which us usually associated with a lesions on the posterior inferior frontal gyrus of the brain, has cardinal features that distinguish is from other fluent and non-fluent aphasias (e.g. poor repetition, poor repetition and poor naming with good auditory comprehension).
Dyslexia is a language based learning disorder that is grounded in the neurobiology of the brain. The disorder interferes with the processing and comprehension of both spoken and written language. Often there are other associated symptoms such as poor spelling, writing, handwriting and occasionally arithmetic (1). People do not read or write backwards as is depicted by the media. Nor is it a disorder of laziness or lack of intelligence.
Usually when people ponder upon the words learning disability they think of dyslexia dysgraphia, or dyscalculia. On the other hand, in some cases some individuals have difficulty with social skills, and understanding nonverbal cues. Moreover, let’s say the same individual can read beyond his/her grade level but is unaware of the main idea or other important aspects of the story. All of the things that were stated are signs of nonverbal learning disorder (NVLD).
Developmental dyslexia is classified as a learning disability, particularly focusing on impaired language-based learning. It is a syndrome with a neurological origin and it exists on a spectrum with varying in severity and symptoms. The neurological basis of dyslexia is not well understood, however, research has demonstrated its origin in the left perisylvian area. (Ramus 2003, Eden et al 2016) Children with dyslexia struggle with processing writing (orthography) and sound structure of words (phonology) of languages.
Talking to other Speech Pathology students and faculty at NSSLHA meetings has encouraged me to explore many different populations and setting before following one path of interest. My search to find the perfect career path has led me to work at schools and to volunteer at assisted living facilities. In addition, taking Brain Science in my junior year influenced my interest in neurogenic disorders. This was the class that curved my desire to eventually help with research on Aphasia, conducted by one of the professors in the department, which I have been doing for about two years. Working with a large variety of populations, both children and adults, wit...
The human brain controls everything a person does. Damaging ay part of it could be very dangerous, especially if someone was to damage any part of the left side. The left side of the brain is divided into two areas called the Broca’s area and the Wernicke’s area. If someone were to damage the Broca’s Area, it would result in the loss of words, such as prepositions or articles. For example, instead of a person saying “I saw an elephant.” the person would say “I saw elephant.” If someone were to damage the Wernicke’s area, it would result in trouble with comprehending, repeating words, naming objects, reading, and writing. For example, if a person told someone with Wernicke’s are damage to raise their hand, they may not fully understand what