Speech impediments are exactly what they say they are. They are something that impedes the speech of an individual. They can make speech slower or harder to understand to the average ear. They can be anything from a slight lisp to muteness causing a lack of ability to speak at all, and many different types in between. In a school setting especially, speech impediments can be frustrating for children.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common psychiatric disorder in children and adolescents. As implied in the abbreviation, students who are diagnosed with ADHD often encounter learning difficulties due to a lack of concentration and a tendency to be impulsive, which eventually result in poor academic achievement. Although a prescription for ADHD students is available to alleviate the symptoms, it is often not reliable because medicinal effects vary among individuals. As a result, many experts in education tried to incorporate electronic devices to address the issues that ADHD students have. The potential of electronic devices to facilitate students in learning has long been noted by the experts.
Children have problems with spelling as well because they don’t know what letters to put with the sounds of the words. Some ... ... middle of paper ... ...exics on the other hand have left ear dominants which make it harder to read and understand information. Left ear dominants send the information to the right side of the brain which is not the language center so the information has to travel thought the right side into the left side which delays the information. Some people with dyslexia have to do a program that will help them read, learn , and speak better, but though the program they will become right ear dominant. (Sollier, Me) Now you know more about dyslexia and for some of you know what it is.
Marion (2011) defines challenging behavior as a stimulus that a child reacts poorly to, that in turn challenges the child’s parents or teachers to guide them in a positive manner. Current research indicates that children who have significant challenging behavior will have problems in school. They have issues with social skills, emotional control and language development. These insufficiencies contribute to the lack of skills to succeed in basic academic tasks such as reading (Coi, 1996). Traits that are often attributed to children who exhibit these traits are hyperactivity, inattentiveness and disruptive.
Causes of Attention Deficit Disorder Basically ADD is what it looks like, and at time also pertains to hyperactivity disorder or ADHD. The disorder generally causes the subject to be inattentive to stimuli; the subjects would find themselves easily distracted from any particular activity and may cause a difficulty in learning. The disorder does not readily become apparent until a child enters challenging situations such as elementary schools. Often children affected by the disorder make careless mistakes and are rather disorganized. They often lose their schoolbooks and assignments as well as non responsive when spoken to.
Children that suffer from a disability, whether it be a physical, emotional, linguistic, social, or mental disability are confronted by some roadblocks including inadequate services, negative attitudes and lack of accessible environments. A child’s social skills are built by sharing, taking turns, exercising self control and working in groups. When a child receives negative attitudes from their peers, it could cause that child to lack in their social development, because they’re not able to interact with... ... middle of paper ... ...ot only does a speech impediment or language barrier effect a student’s cognitive learning, but also their social performance with peers and teachers. According to the American-Speech-Language-Hearing Association, school-age children with speech disabilities will often be below grade level. They will struggle to complete work, and have difficulties with social interaction and linguistic cues.
Kids of all ages around our country, have some difficulty to concentrate in school and get their task done. Some children start in an early age which develops a bad habit later on in life. Reason why this occurs in children and some adults is result of ADHD, a disorder that creates lack of concentration and lack of controlling energetic behavior. It can also mean that it’s hard for the person to be organized with their life and turns it into a habit. Children with poor concentration in school and educational work, can affect them later on in life if not treated or start to be organized in their own time.
Therefore; is disciplining the children the same as positive guidance? This review will consider these questions using literature from articles and research in early childhood education and special education. Teachers struggle when dealing with challenging behaviour especially when a child refused to listen but not only that they throw themselves on the ground, kicking and screaming. Bishop and Baird (2007) explain challenging behaviour from the children’s point of view as their way of communicating that something is not right with their experience using pain or distress. In addition, children with no self control, maturity, less understanding and don’t know how to express emotions appropriately or tiredness respond through challenging behaviour (Flicker & Hoffman, 2002).
For a long time, dyslexia has been causing many humans, especially children, to have learning difficulties. The World Federation of Neurologists define dyslexia as, "a disorder in children who, despite conventional classroom experience, fail to attain the language skills of reading, writing, and spelling commensurate with their intellectual abilities" ("Dyslexia," 2013). Sometimes the letter m might look like w, and the number 3 might look like 8; dyslexia basically makes it harder for people to improve their language abilities. This is the behavior I wish to change because of the many negative impacts it has on people's literacy skills and lives. Many dyslexic children have considerable disadvantages while reading out loud or taking exams, giving us incorrect assessments of their abilities.
Selective Mutism in Adolescents As the makeup of students in classrooms change and general education teachers are educating a range of students with diverse needs, new learning barriers are becoming prominent in American classrooms. One of these learning disabilities that is emerging is a language disorder called selective mutism. Selective mutism is defined as a language disorder in which individuals who exhibit normal language skills with no delays in daily home situations are unwilling or unable to speak when confronted with novel situations or people. This disorder, when presented in classrooms, can affect both the social and the academic progress of the student. When considering students who exhibit symptoms of selective mutism, there is a controversy in the diagnosis, the origins of the disorder, and to what extent it should be considered a learning disability.