Essay about The Four Philosophies Of Education

Essay about The Four Philosophies Of Education

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There are four philosophies of education. They consists of perennialism, progressivism, social Reconstructionism, and essentialism. Each philosophy of education plays a role in American education. Today essentialism plays one of the biggest roles in American education. Essentialism tries to give all students the most basic academic knowledge, skills, and character development. I too believe in the essentialism philosophy of education. I agree with this philosophy because I believe that intellectual self-discipline should be encouraged within the classroom, all students have the ability to learn regardless of their needs, and teachers should concentrate on teaching basic skills. All of these beliefs falls under the essentialism philosophy of education. Allow me to better explain.
First of all, intellectual self-discipline should be encouraged within the classroom. I say this because critical thinking is the key factor in intellectual self-discipline. Critical thinking is the intellectually disciplined process of actively and skillfully conceptualizing, applying, analyzing, synthesizing, and evaluating information gathered from observation, experience, reflection, reasoning, or communication as a guide to belief and action. Therefore, critical thinking should be encouraged. Self-discipline plays a big role in academic success. Students with self-discipline are most likely to do more homework, study, and spend less time watching television. Also, compared to low self-disciplined students, students with high self-discipline were less frequently absent from school. Self-discipline relates to both school grades and behaviors. It also aids in the avoidance of problem behaviors, such as, substance abuse or use. Self-discipline is a nu...


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...se cognitive skills are determining factors of an individual’s learning ability. Low cognitive skills means you’re a slower learner, while high cognitive skills means you’re a faster learner. Either way, each and every student is capable of learning at their own pace. Also, essentialists believe that concentrating on teaching basic skills is most efficient. This is believed to be an efficient teaching strategy because basic skills are viewed as higher order thinking skills. Facts should be learned one by one. This prevents the student from becoming overwhelmed and completely giving up. Essentialists want students to maintain basic knowledge and skills, but they will installed with discipline and practical minds, and are able to apply what they learned in school to the real world when they leave school. This is why the essentialism is the best philosophy of education.

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