The rising of the market economy occurred between the end of the War of 1812 and the Civil War. It was a time of uprising for Americans of the United States. There were changes in the vast improvement in transportation, the growth of factories, and there were important developments of new technology that increased agricultural production. Americans advanced into new areas and produced an agricultural surplus that went to market farming. In the nineteenth century, manufacturing was the most important factor because it brought about industrialization.
From the late 17th century to the early 19th century, industrialization was occurring in the United States and around Europe. The abundance of raw materials and the ambition of business men caused the industrialization before and after the Civil War. The First Industrial Revolution and Second Industrial Revolution, known as the Technological Revolution, caused the United States to thrive throughout those years because of population increase and all the new products or ideas there was. In the 1900s, the United States became the leading industrial power in the world because of both revolutions; the first revolution led into the second revolution because of the technology and economic changes occurring. The First Industrial Revolution changed agriculture customs and the Second Industrial Revolution caused changes in production techniques, but both helped the United States industrialize and become the most successful country in the world.
For ages the British economy was ruled by agriculture. The farming systems throughout the eighteenth century produced a revolution to occur agriculturally that allowed the enlarged population to persist off increased crop quantities. Britain’s land in the beginning of the nineteenth-century was economically substantial. Regarding that much of the land owned on the countryside was by the aristocracy and elite, however their occupants worked as the farmers. Output was increased and agricultural wealth as well when the introduction of new fertilizers, techniques, and tools occurred.
As stated by Steven Kreis in Lecture 17, “England proudly proclaimed itself to be the "Workshop of the World," a position that country held until the end of the 19th century when Germany, Japan and United States overtook it.” A major cause for the Industrial Revolution was the enormous spurt of population growth in England. The increase in population meant that there were more people in surplus from agricultural jobs, and they had to find work in industrial factories. Enclosure brought forth a great increase in farming production and profits. Farming was improved through the use of crop rotation, enclosures, and the division on farms across England. Crops that were grown consisted of turnips, barley, clover, wheat.
The railroads became extremely popular and useful during the 1800’s to millions of people and other large companies. Although there were many indu... ... middle of paper ... ...iling industry and the expansion of the west. The railroads helped these industries expand their territories which not only brought wealth to the large companies but, it also helped create jobs for many people. The railroad industry became an important gateway for immigrants because it introduced them to different opportunities of work and living. The railroad industry also helped to pour money into America’s economy.
The Industrial Revolution happened around the period of 1750 to 1850. It was a period of rapid economic and social changes. Great inventions were being made that led the way in a shift from human production of labor to machines. There was a great shift from the agricultural towards commercial attitudes. Farms specialized in one crop in order to be more productive which helped lead to an agricultural boom but which greatly affected rural poor.
In 1750 political liberalism, the enlightened age, Infrastructure, and the economic climate allowed Great Britain to seek new job opportunities and exploit new business ideas. In addition, literacy, public education and the middle class was rising immensely. Concepts like partnerships and selling shares were introduced during this time period. The process of the Industrial Revolution was rapid in Western Europe however, by the 1900 all of Europe was involved. Over all, the effects of the revolution changed the way materials are transported, how products are made, on a global basis.The Industrial Revolution was a critical turning point in European history because the changes made are integral in the modern age.
The Industrial Revolution changed America’s exceedingly in more positive than negative ways. The American industrial revolution has its roots in the Industrial Revolution which began in England. The demand for cotton was huge during this time. Many new industries that helped America’s business were developed, but some treated their workers poorly. Also, many new forms of transportation and communication were developed and improved.
(Heilbroner and Milberg 2009,54) The revolution of the 18th and 19th century saw an immense transformation in science, technology and our economy, hence, the transformation from a Neolithic economy to an industrial economy. The revolution impacted on the social-economic in terms of the industrial research and development. Before the revolution labour was manly manual force however, the first revolution saw the materlisation of machines. For examples, the introduction of steam engines provided powered energy used in replacement of manual labour, therefore ... ... middle of paper ... ... Works Cited P. Deane. (1969).
The GDP’s newfound growth was both a cause and effect of the Industrial Revolution. Economic changes allowed people to buy more and growing populations led to heightened demand for goods. Inventions accelerated trade phenomenally by producing new products for the masses, and making old luxuries available to the public. Yet, the Industrial Revolution was only the beginning of a long and challenging path to civilized life for most Americans. “In the first decades of the Industrial Revolution, the standard of living of the factory workers was shockin... ... middle of paper ... .... Watt, James.