From the late 17th century to the early 19th century, industrialization was occurring in the United States and around Europe. The abundance of raw materials and the ambition of business men caused the industrialization before and after the Civil War. The First Industrial Revolution and Second Industrial Revolution, known as the Technological Revolution, caused the United States to thrive throughout those years because of population increase and all the new products or ideas there was. In the 1900s, the United States became the leading industrial power in the world because of both revolutions; the first revolution led into the second revolution because of the technology and economic changes occurring. The First Industrial Revolution changed agriculture customs and the Second Industrial Revolution caused changes in production techniques, but both helped the United States industrialize and become the most successful country in the world.
The railroads had influenced the American economy growth in a huge impact in a way that, it helped in transportation, easy access of raw materials to markets and factories. In addition, in the 1880’s there were 150,000 miles of railway tracks that raised the national economy. Additionally, oil discovery had began in Pennsylvania and had helped runned trains and planes. LastlyLastely for technology, there was also development of airplane which aided in transportation. Technology had
Inventions starting from the cotton gin by Eli Whitney to the Model T invented by Henry Ford, the American lives and economy changed drastically. Changing from the agrarian economy to the manufacturing and textile industries, it opened doors to most people to start a new job in a new economy. It would not have been possible to achieve the simplest tasks as we would have today if it was not for the Industrial Revolution. Thus, the Industrial Revolution was a remarkable phenomenon in America’s history.
In the nineteenth century, manufacturing was the most important factor because it brought about industrialization. The expansion of both economic and technological advances also brought about the changes in American society. The growth and eventual dominance of market capitalism in the United States changed the lives of all Americans fundamentally. The Market Revolution and the rise of market capitalism influenced the working class because of new inventions, like the cotton gin, and it encouraged farmers to raise more cotton in the South, and brought people in the North greater opportunities in the work field. With distant but profitable markets now attainable, farmers and manufactures now produced for the market rather than for their own personal consumption.
The timing of innovation often varied from one industry to another, having a ripple effect. Although, this resulted in an unprecedented level of productivity across every field. Profits for businesses were rising from the continuously increasing levels of production, while former workshops were replaced with assembly lines and factories. Larger scale production made economic sense to businessmen as it decreased the overhead costs. While some people pursued career opportunities in the American frontier, others looked for new ways of doing things incorporating technology.
The Industrial Revolution “transformed the daily lives of Americans as much as—and arguably more than—any single event in U.S. history”. It was marked by significant advances in technology and industry that had broad and enduring impacts. Even though the start of the industrial revolution is said to have begun in the first half of the 19th century, the real industrialization of America did not begin until after the Civil War. The American economy accelerated its growth after the Civil War as it entered “The Second Industrial Revolution,” generally recognized as the period between 1870 and 1914. This secondary movement created long lasting effects in many areas for America.
The Industrial Revolution was the general name given to a time period that marked the transition from hand-made products to machine-made products, leading to a booming economy and an abundance of jobs for unskilled workers. All of these components of England resulted in an increase in large towns and cities in order to sustain the growing population. The most prominent of these new cities was Manchester. The city sprang up after 1750 and swiftly grew in population to become a leading textile center in England. Manchester’s rapid urbanization, benefitted the industry in Europe as a whole; however, this success raised many issues- namely the fact that the citizens of the city suffered great morale and health declines.
As the nation continued to experience revolution of its machines, it also continued work on its infrastructure. In the half of the nineteenth century, the railroad network widened and the mechanizing of many complicated crafts erupted hence the deepening of mechanization in American society, which is more advantageous than disadvantageous. Mechanization was a great challenge to many American workers who depended on being employed (Fleisig, 1976). The introduction to machines led to many of the workers laid off. In addition, the machines required skilled people who could raise high production.
These new industries meant that Americans believed that America was the most powerful country in the world. Americans therefore bought consumer goods because it was a sign of America’s prosperity. This led to more and more things being bought which aided the economic boom. The growing strength of American industry was a big factor in the economic boom. In the twenties, industry took a very big step.
The Industrialization Impact In the history of the United States, it can be argued that the economic change that occurred in the midst of industrialization was the foremost change that led to us becoming a world power. This change began with the newfound desires of U.S. companies to do things efficiently, and the invention of newer machines such as the cotton gin enabled them to do so. These inventions made many industries that were becoming unprofitable more profitable again, and gave the economic boost that the U.S. economy needed. With increased efficiency and the lowering of costs, many factories blew up around the country, and thousands of jobs were created. People began to migrate to these newly established urban areas around factories, seeking opportunity, steady income to feed their families, and a way to move out of poverty.