3) Perry, Marvin Peden, Joseph R. Von Laue, Theodore H. Sources of Western Tradition: From the Renaissance to the Present v.2. Boston, New York: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1996. 4) Evans, Eric J. The Forging of The Modern State: Early industrial Britain 1783-1870. New York: Longman Group Limited, 1983.
These changes had a profound impact on the social and cultural conditions of the time, beginning in the Untied Kingdom and spreading throughout Western Europe, North America, and the rest of the world. The Industrial Revolution, considered a major turning point in history, effected almost every aspect of daily life; through new discoveries in technology came new jobs; through new jobs came new working conditions; through new working conditions came new laws and new politics, the repercussions of which extend to today. As Crump emphasizes: ‘The world as we have come to know it in the twenty-first century is impossible to understand without looking at the foundations laid – mainly in the English-speaking world of the eighteenth century – in the course of what is now known, but not then, as the ‘Industrial Revolution’ . Most famously recognized as a time of great technological innovation, the Industrial Revolution gave birth too two of the most transforming technologies, which came to spur the revolution on; cotton spinning and steam power. The two technologies are closely linked, the improved Steam Engine, invented by James Watt and patented in 1755, was originally used ... ... middle of paper ... ...-1820 : Parish Apprentices and the Making of the Early Industrial Labour Force.
Merriam-Webster dictionary defines the industrial revolution as “a rapid major change in an economy marked by the general introduction of power-driven machinery or by an important change in the prevailing types and methods of use of such machines.” But along with those changes, another change came. The industrial revolution, which occurred in Britain, also affected the lives of the workers, the families of the workers, and the general population. And while one can argue that the industrial revolution in Britain created some problems, I believe that the industrial revolution provided in Britain provided for a better lifestyle for the workers and the general population. Prior to the Industrial Revolution in England, life was undoubtedly different than when it was after the Industrial Revolution. “A work force that was predominately agricultural in 1750 had become predominately industrial a century later.” (Kishlansky, Geary, and O’Brien, annotation 2) The majority of the people at the time lived in rural settings, leaving only ten percent of the population living in cities.
The novel is also useful in examining the level at which emerging technological development has transformed modern social values, moralities, and goals. The most common theme that characterises the Brave New World is the contribution and role of modern industrial progress in shaping contemporary social settings. As Huxley observes, emerging technological development has played a critical role in facilitating the advancement of the fruition theme. Currently, the mentality of human beings revolves around invention and industrial development. In his novel, Huxley has also expanded the traits of industrial utopia.
"Luddism during the Industrial Revolution." WESTERN CIVILIZATION II GUIDES. Western Civilization Guide, 24 Apr 2012. Web. 6 Nov 2013. .