The Persian fleet was protecting the land forces from being outflanked and after they were defeated the longer had that protection. While the Greeks had very few overall victories in battle they did have some strategic victories. The Battle of Thermopylae is an example of a strategic success for the Greeks. The morale of the Persian army was extremely affected by the stout resistance put up by King Leonidas and his fellow Spartans. The Greeks fought so hard against overwhelming odds because of what they were fighting for.
The Trojans were overpowering the Achaeans and Achilles orders his unit, the Myrmidon soldiers, to go fight for Agamemnon. At first glance, Achilles’ gift to Patroclus seems like an honorable gesture, he was supporting a war effort that needed to be fought for the Achaean honor. After considering his motives though, it seems that Achilles’ decision was actually a way of skirting the battle altogether. By giving away his armor, Achilles could not protect himself during the conflict which forced him to avoid the majority of the fighting. Furthermore, by commanding his troops to join the war assured himself that the war would be won thus guaranteeing everyone a safe boat ride back to Athens.
Patroclus and his desire to fight for the cause and his country led to the wearing of the armor and halting the Trojan offense. It was his death which drove Achilles to reenter the fray and fight without mercy. Had it not been for Apollo’s intervention, it would have been Patroclus who sacks the city of Troy, not Achilles, dear to Zeus. Works Cited Iliad Book 16
Odysseus the Great Hero Most people believe that Odysseus is a hero in the Iliad due to his victories against the Trojans and for taking over the city of Troy. Through the teachings it is portrayed that way, but he is shown as a hero through other events in the book. Odysseus is not the only hero shown in this epic. Achilles is another main character that shows heroic actions as well. The difference between the two is that Odysseus uses his genius mind and unique thoughts to win battles and get out of traitorous situations, while Achilles uses strength and power.
Hector demonstrates the second characteristic, being the bravest and best of others. He accepts Achilles’ challenge, Hector is being brave and very much a hero because he knows that if he doesn’t he will lose his pride and that Achilles will destroy the Trojans if Hector doesn’t fight him. Hector is also demonstrating the third trait of a Greek hero, to stand fast and firm in battle. Odysseus is a speaker of words and a doer of deeds, the last characteristic, in the Odyssey. One instance is when his f... ... middle of paper ... ...oic Code.
Odysseus is a different kind of Greek hero, however. Greek heroes are generally strong and great warriors, and while Odysseus is a great warrior, it is his cleverness and his brains that set Odysseus apart from other characters in the Iliad and the Odyssey. Odysseus is able to outsmart and outthink his foes to achieve his success, and Odysseus uses his cunning to trick his enemies into doing his bidding and falling right into his plans. Odysseus is a unique Greek hero. Despite his physical prowess, he uses his mind and his cleverness to achieve success and to overcome all of the obstacles in his path.
The battles at Marathon and Salamis showed that Athens was not second place to Sparta and was capable of holding up their end of the battle. Sparta?s strength and honor as warriors was also an asset as it helped the battle at Plataea run smoothly for the Greeks. However, Athens efforts in the war were much more vital to the victory than Sparta as their victory at Salamis turn the whole war around, which only then gave a chance for Sparta to finally show their ability as fine warriors.
(16.96). Achilles decides if he sends out Patroclus then he will receive glory for his acts. Patroclus showed a tremendous amount of bravery and boldness in the battle Achilles was supposed to fight in. That battle led to his heroic death. .
Achilles and Patroklos I think the reason that Achilles allows Patroklos to fight is because Achilles knows that the Greeks need all the help they can get. The Trojans are very near to their ships and without some great miracle, the Greeks will be defeated. When Patroklos comes to Achilles with the idea of going out in his armor and fighting to try to muster the Greek troops and frighten the Trojans, Achilles is taken in by his dear friend’s plea. Achilles gives in because he knows how much this opportunity will mean to Patroklos, who has always stood in Achilles’ shadow. So as to give his friend an opportunity to gain honor through battle and become great, Achilles allows Patroklos to enter the battle wearing his armor and with his blessing, even though he places a few stipulations on him.
The Heroic Code determined status in Greece ranging from warriors such as Achilles at the top of the totem pole to being a voice of reasoning like Nestor. The Heroic Code in the Iliad also helped determine the prizes that the Greeks would achieve. This explains why Achilles would garner better war prizes than his other Greek counterparts. One definition of the heroic code being used in the Iliad is when Hector ignored the Priam’s request to not fight Achilles, being the Trojan hero Hector was ignored Priam’s plea and wounded up dying because of it. Another example of the heroic code in the Iliad was when Achilles basically chose to fight in war instead of staying home.