Many more archaeologists followed in his footsteps hoping to be the one to discover Troy. In the series, "In Search of the Trojan War" Michael Woods attempts to explain many of the mysteries surrounding Troy. One of those mysteries, are the "Sea Peoples". The "Sea Peoples" were invaders who swept over Asia Minor and Syria n... ... middle of paper ... ...ctual. It is based on the war, but it is unknown the number of embellishments placed upon the events contained.
The writings of Homer in the Iliad and the Odyssey provide the main source of information regarding the Trojan War. However this proved an exaggerated account of the fall of Troy, with the other archeological evidence provided being limited and hard to find. Due to these reasons, it is hard to find any proof of the war of Troy as anything more than speculation and myth, excepting the discovery of a site that is believed to be the place of Troy in a village in modern day Turkey by Heinrich Schliemann in 1862. The archeological evidence has since been widely accepted as the ancient city of Troy, however, there is still large amounts of speculation regarding the content of the war, as there is little evidence suggesting the war occurred. The story of the fall of Troy as portrayed by Homer is one of not only conflicts between humans, but also conflicts between the gods, who were “interested themselves as much in this famous war as the parties themselves” (Thomas Bulfinch, 1855).
Myth is really a way of thinking out the past. Myths do not correctly explain what literally happen but suggest that behind the explanation there is a reality that cannot be seen and examined. One of the best-known mythological books is Homer's 'Iliad', which tells of the Trojan War. No one reading the book today believes Homer's story as a historically factual account. However it is believed that at some time, many centuries before Homer lived-there really was a war between the Greek city-states and the residents of northwestern Asia Minor.
The Iliad alone would never have been a reliable source without archaeological evidence to verify the actuality of a Trojan war. Therefore archaeologists have been working on the site known as hissarlik since the 1800’s to uncover truths about the myth. Frank Calv... ... middle of paper ... ...iece together circumstantial evidence relating to the Iliad, such as the layers of Troy, the citadel of Mycenae and the shaft graves revealing numerous clues into what the Mycenaean civilisation was like. Mycenaean pottery found in Troy gives evidence to the importance of late Bronze Age trade and the wealth, inevitably leading to the Achaeans sacking Troy. The Hittite archives give outstanding evidence to this proving that the Mycenaean’s really did fight at Troy, although instead of it being a ten year time span, it was over hundreds.
Various Perspectives on War in Homer's Iliad The Iliad is a story of rages of Achilles and the War of Troy. Thanks to the techniques of the author, Homer, The Iliad is very colorful, romantic, and it makes the readers imagine the ancient Greeks and their times of war. Homer is believed to be the author of epics other than the Iliad, although their authorship remains uncertain. Historian believes that Homer probably lived in the eighth century, B.C.1 (Discovering World History). However, there are very few things that we know about him.
Many scholars have argued that Homer did not compose the Iliad and the Odyssey; only compiled over the centuries by many different storytellers. Certainly, it is known that the stories that comprise these two works come from a long mythological tradition. The Iliad in particular, is an especially well documented oral tradition, and its stories would have been quite familiar to Homer's audiences before the epic was written down. Interestingly, the style of the Iliad, its similarity to the Odyssey, cast of characters and their portrayal all support the belief that they were the work of a one author, who took familiar stories and worked them into two major works. Should this have happened, it was likely around the eighth century B.C.
When The Odyssey was first written by Homer, everything in it was believed to be true. But, 700 B.C.E. was a time of uncertainty and it was thought that the gods and creatures were real, that Odysseus’ trip was amazing and that he was a living hero, rather than just a made up story and character. Clearly, Homer’s epic poem, The Odyssey, is not believable today because of the mythical creatures, many unlikely events occur, and the gods interact with the mortals. Obviously, The Odyssey is not a credible story because there are mythical creatures involved.
The Iliad, one of Homer’s Epics, was written about a ten year war between the city of Troy and the Greek city-states. This great poem, still somewhat prevalent today in modern society, is the tale of the Trojan War. Recently the epic was recreated into a two hour film loaded with historical inaccuracies, although in some instances, does follow the Iliad fairly well. Some of the mistakes made by Hollywood are minor details, such as when the Trojans brought the gigantic wooden horse into the city of Troy. In the Iliad, gates had to be dismantled, which wasn’t shown in the movie, instead the horse was simply brought into the city.
According to most scholars, it was written by Homer in ancient Greece (Spievogel 47). The Iliad was considered by the Greeks to be Homer’s major work (Rieu 5). There is some debate as to who Homer really was, or if he was even responsible for The Iliad, but this had no bearing on the fact that The Iliad was important in Greek society (Murnaghan 8). The Iliad was most likely an oral story preserved over time and finally written down at the end of the Dark Ages (Murnaghan 3). It covers only a small portion of the ten year Trojan War.
Atlantis ~ The Lost City Atlantis is known to most people as a legend or myth written by the Greek poet Plato, but is it possible that this lost continent really existed? Is it all legend or could there be some fact to it? Contrary to common belief there have been numerous geological and historical findings that actually give proof to the existence of this lost city. In the book Imagining Atlantis it tells us the story written by Plato. "According to ancient Egyptian temple records the Athenians fought an aggressive war against the rulers of Atlantis some nine thousand years earlier and won.