However, his claims are still disputed today. Before tackling the question of whether the Trojan War actually occurred, we must ask in what form. What exactly do we mean by “the Trojan War”? There is no definitive version of the events in the war, as our knowledge of it comes from a myriad different sources. Then we should consider Schliemann’s discoveries, and the other archaeological evidence for the Trojan War.
While many people argue wherever the Trojan War happened but the general consensus among historians is that the City of troy does in fact exist but what is more subject to debate is wherever not the ten year war that is told in the story actually happened. Archaeologists who have been investigating the myth of Homer's poem believe the legendary war may have been a process rather than a single event. In one of Eric Cline Historical books he said that the Trojan War did took place, and that Homer chose to write about more than one of them by making it into a great ten-year-long epic saga. Archaeologists who have dug at the site said to be troy say, the site is made up nine cities built on top of each other. There is a citadel structure in the middle and a town surrounding it.
But by studying the stories, as well as the physical evidence left behind today, we can find clues to the reality in this myth. A German archaeologist from the University of Tubingen, Manfre... ... middle of paper ... ...of battles in the Late Bronze Age and that some lasted for a long time due to the sophisticated defences of the city. When the Iliad was composed, several centuries later, all these elements could have been compressed into one war against one opponent." Bibliography Burgess, Jonathan S. The Tradition of The Trojan War in Homer & the Epic Cycle Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001 Cairns, Douglas L. Homer's Iliad New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2001 Fischman, Josh. "The Real Trojan War."
The fact and fiction of the Iliad has been uncovered through archaeology. Archaeologist found a site in which they thought to have been ‘Troy’ destroyed by the powerful country of Mycenae in the late Bronze Age. They found large amount of material culture from where they could reconstruct the society, this included pottery, engravings, murals and clay tablets. A reason for the Trojan War has always inspired great controversy. The Trojan War according to Homer was fought over the abduction of a beautiful women but this theory appears improbable.
Linear A and Linear B, are linear forms of writing used by certain Aegean civilizations. Cartridge goes on discussing the importance of the tablets throughout the chapter and novel. However what stood out in the chapter was the beautiful detailing of the people and backdrop of Cnossos. Information and knowledge on the prehistoric era of Ancient Greece is scarce due to many things being destroyed when the polis was ruined and then later revived. Much of the information obtained is either inferred or theoretical.
Because of the intervention, the gods start the war between Trojans and Achaeans and the reason of the war leads them to take sides. Homer represents the gods in many aspects; as humanlike, having miraculous actions, super being, controlling, life savers, and disguisers. Around 700 BC, the poet Hesiod’s Theogony wrote the first cosmogony, or origin story, of Greek mythology. The poet tells the story of the universe’s journey from nothingness to being, and details a family tree of gods and goddesses who evolved from Chaos and descended from Earth, Sea, Sky and the Underworld. The pantheon... ... middle of paper ... ...ed the other gods what had gone wrong.
In his account, he extensively provides some of the significant differences between the Greeks and the Persians. In the text, there are many examples that portray Xerxes as being superstitious as well as tyrannical. One instance of Xerxes tyranny can be found in his intentions to “march an army through Europe to fight against Greece.” He wants to “obtain vengeance from the Athenians” because of the wrongs that were committed by them against both the Persians and his father. He does not want to rest up to the time he will have achieved his plan of taking up and burning Athens. Xerxes wants to outspread the Persian territory all through Europe.
An epic poem is a long narrative poem, normally having to do with a serious subject while covering heroic deeds and events important for a culture or nation. Homer, the author of Iliad and the Odyssey, is perhaps the most famous and notable writer of epics. Inspired directly from the stories that had been passed down orally over the centuries, Homer wrote these epic poems retelling the stories of the last year of the Trojan War and Odysseus’s journey home after the Trojan War. These epics are filled with supernatural events such as gods lending their power to a hero, allowing him to slay row after row of troops and gods going directly onto the battlefield to help turn the tide in a battle. The grandeur of these events are indicative of fictional superhero stories rather than fact.
It was set in ancient Greece where in its culture; mythology was the heart of everyday life. The Greek Culture turned to mythology to explain different phenomena for which they had no scientific explanation and this was prominent in the epic the Odyssey. While preparing to write this paper, I thought it would be great just to focus on the heroes of these two great epics many differences. Although during the course of my research I found that they also had just as many similarities. In this paper I will focus on the two characters by expressing their differences, as well as their similarities, and I will also give a bit of history about our two heroes.