The writings of Homer in the Iliad and the Odyssey provide the main source of information regarding the Trojan War. However this proved an exaggerated account of the fall of Troy, with the other archeological evidence provided being limited and hard to find. Due to these reasons, it is hard to find any proof of the war of Troy as anything more than speculation and myth, excepting the discovery of a site that is believed to be the place of Troy in a village in modern day Turkey by Heinrich Schliemann in 1862. The archeological evidence has since been widely accepted as the ancient city of Troy, however, there is still large amounts of speculation regarding the content of the war, as there is little evidence suggesting the war occurred. The story of the fall of Troy as portrayed by Homer is one of not only conflicts between humans, but also conflicts between the gods, who were “interested themselves as much in this famous war as the parties themselves” (Thomas Bulfinch, 1855).
“What evidence do we have for a Trojan War?” The Trojan War has fascinated humans for many centuries and has inspired many articles, movies, books and other entertainment products. For years people have debated wherever or not The Trojan War really occurred or not. Evidence has been presented to support both sides of the arguments, those that believe the Trojan War happened and those who do not. One of the most interesting of the stories is the story of the Trojan horse, the story of the Trojan Horse which was daring snuck into another city has entered modern parlance by inspiring the saying “Beware of Greeks bearing gifts” and serve as a term for hackers known as “Trojan horses”. While many people argue wherever the Trojan War happened but the general consensus among historians is that the City of troy does in fact exist but what is more subject to debate is wherever not the ten year war that is told in the story actually happened.
However if Schliemann and Homers Troy were the same, literature did not confirm. Historical accuracy of Homers Iliad are a vital aspect of our understanding of the tell of Hissarlik. Researchers of the 18th century declined Homers Iliad as allegory however Schliemann’s archaeological discoveries reopened the debate. The excavations at Troy show that was potentially based on historical conflict in what many historians believe today was the 12th century BC. Finley maintains that none of the events in Homers works are Historical.
But by studying the stories, as well as the physical evidence left behind today, we can find clues to the reality in this myth. A German archaeologist from the University of Tubingen, Manfre... ... middle of paper ... ...of battles in the Late Bronze Age and that some lasted for a long time due to the sophisticated defences of the city. When the Iliad was composed, several centuries later, all these elements could have been compressed into one war against one opponent." Bibliography Burgess, Jonathan S. The Tradition of The Trojan War in Homer & the Epic Cycle Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001 Cairns, Douglas L. Homer's Iliad New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2001 Fischman, Josh. "The Real Trojan War."
The war was said to be a ten-year siege on Troy at the hands of the Achaeans, who eventually became the victors. Many archaeologists have ventured to the Dardanelles in search of the long-lost city of Troy, which is believed to be on the site of hissarlik. Heinrich Schliemann was credited with some of the most contributive discoveries as to the location of the city, yet he was also guilty of rewriting history to fit those discoveries. He destroyed numerous artifacts because of his primitive archaeological techniques. Many more archaeologists followed in his footsteps hoping to be the one to discover Troy.
The fact and fiction of the Iliad has been uncovered through archaeology. Archaeologist found a site in which they thought to have been ‘Troy’ destroyed by the powerful country of Mycenae in the late Bronze Age. They found large amount of material culture from where they could reconstruct the society, this included pottery, engravings, murals and clay tablets. A reason for the Trojan War has always inspired great controversy. The Trojan War according to Homer was fought over the abduction of a beautiful women but this theory appears improbable.
Some scholars believe that the final book is not even Homeric. This essay shall discuss why Book XXIV is a good conclusion and how it relates to the rest of the story, which would provide a case for it being Homeric. In Book XXIV, entitled "Warriors, Farewell," Homer does not seem to want to have a grand ending, but rather neatly wrap up all of the loose ends. There are three major parts to this book, they include: the voyage of the suitors’ shades to Hades and dialogue between Agamemnon and Amphimedon; the story of Odysseus and Telemakhos visiting Odysseus’ father, Laertes; and the start of tje feud between the families of the suitors and the house of Odysseus and Laertes (which could have torn the country of Ithaca apart) which was stopped by the Zeus and Athena. Homer starts Book XXIV in Hades as Agamemnon and Akhilleus greet the shades of the suitors that Odysseus killed in Book XXII.
From these topics it can be argued that both authors can be regarded as atypical in their interpretation of tradition sources by challenging some of the assumption made while also being representative on the end of the war. Several ancient sources have been used to investigate the Persian Wars but there has been a wide division in which particular sources hold a true representation of the past. Herodotus and Thycidides provide the earliest account of the Persian Wars and their work has been the foundation for historical studies on Greek and Persian antiquity. It is important to note that although they provide the earliest insights of the... ... middle of paper ... ...e wars as fine details such as the number of Spartans deployed are a case for debate. Herodotus mentions that Leonidas took specifically 300 Spartans with him to Thermopylae.
Defense for the Allegory of Sin and Death in Paradise Lost Milton claims his epic poem Paradise Lost exceeds the work of his accomplished predecessors. He argues that he tackles the most difficult task of recounting the history of not just one hero, but the entire human race. However, he does not appear to follow the conventional rules of an epic when he introduces an allegory into Paradise Lost through his portrayal of Sin and Death in Book II. Some readers denounce his work for this inconsistency, but others justify his action and uncover extremely important symbolism from this "forbidden" literal device. Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary defines an epic "a long narrative poem in elevated style recounting the deeds of a legendary or historical hero" ("epic," def.
This is because it presents the evidence from two very different fields: archaeology and linguistics/philology. Though there is the idea that details in the Iliad reflect society, as it was long before the eighth century B.C. Then on the other hand the Iliad isn’t entirely a reliable source. Homer wasn’t writing to accurately recount history, but instead his objective was to entertain the people with epic poetry. Homer was so far disconnected from the events that took, so where did he get his information?