Among the other, Carthage “had a powerful navy, a mercenary army and, through tribute, tariffs, and trade, enough wealth to do as she pleased.” (Mark, 2011, para. 1). So, I would say that the military structure played a big role in Carthage’ power which was based on trade, commercial supremacy, and her army, including the fleet. Her subject colonies were located in northern Africa and in the Greek part of Sicily and Italy. “She was, in fact, the great merchant of the Mediterranean.” (Morey, 1901, para.
Athens’ main accomplishment was that it had a very strong Navy. It was the command of the sea and the head of the Naval Alliance, or the Delian League. Athens was the most feared city-state to fight at sea. Its other achievements were that is had excellent forms of art, architecture, drama and literature, philosophy, science, and medicine. It was very wealthy and had beautiful, extravagant temples.
The Most Powerful City in the World Rome is the powerful city in the world and is most notable for its majestic land. Rome has the most eye appealing architectural structures and the most well trained militias throughout history. Rome has the ability to draw in people by the millions with the beauty of the land and well developed militias that armies today can only dream of becoming. Rome has become the model city that many cities aspire to become. Many would define Rome as the most powerful city in the world, especially when comparing the two elements of architecture and war.
Carthage was a very powerful city-state in northern Africa and had made a name for themselves as the leading maritime leader in the world. Maritime means they are located near the sea and have many things to do involving the ocean. The first war broke out when Rome interfered with a dispute on the Carthaginian controlled island of Sicily. The war ended with Rome controlling Corsica and Sicily. The second war started when Hannibal invaded Italy and had two signature victories at Lake Trasimene and Cannae but was eventually defeated by Roman general Scipio Aemilianus which left Rome in much control of the Mediterranean Sea and a big section of Spain.
By 219 he had reached the Ebro River and controlled all south of that but the city of Saguntum, an ally of Rome. Despite strong warnings form Rome Hannibal attacked Saguntum and after eight months of battle, he controlled the city. The Romans saw this as a violation of the existing treaty between Rome and Carthage and demanded the surrender of Hannibal. When Carthaginian government did not hand over Hannibal for his actions, the Romans declared war, also know as the Second Punic War. With ... ... middle of paper ... ...fend the declining Carthage power in the north coast of Africa.
Accessed May 06, 2014. http://www.pbs.org/ 6 empires/romans/empire/julius_caesar.html "Pompey the Great Assassinated." History.com. Accessed May 10, 2014. 7 http:www.history.com/this-day-in-history/pompey-the-great-assassinated. "The Ides of March: Julius Caesar Is Murdered."
Rome’s army was an incredible force, crucial to the empire’s domination of the Mediterranean, and the land beyond, with a dominant navy, military prowess, and geopolitical power to support its power. Most of the Roman Empire’s victory over the Mediterranean can be attributed to the military’s strength in combat, as well as the geopolitical advantages. Through the strength of its military forces, the Roman Empire was able to conquer the Mediterranean and nations in the surrounding territory. Rome is responsible for the introduction of the world’s first professional military. Rome’s military was more trained and disciplined than any other force.
The major pillar to the development of the Roman Empire was its military might. The Roman military is thought to be the most successful and powerful military in human history. Fiero (2013) stated, “Rome’s highly disciplined army was the backbone of the Empire”. The Roman army was extremely organized and knew how to adapt. The army had endurance to defend against invasions from their enemies and to expand the empire throughout the Western world.
Introduction Carthage and Rome were the two dominant superpowers in their time. Rome was so emboldened by her early victories with the Etruscans, the Italians, and the Latins that she ventured to expand her empire towards the Mediterranean and encountered Carthage, wealthy and powerful nation in the northern shore of Africa. Rome waged a series of three wars with Carthage which history now termed as the Punic wars (Wikipedia, 2017). The struggle was for the control of the Mediterranean which at that time was a major trading hub between the East and the West. Carthage was the first foreign power that Rome encountered outside of Italy.
The Roman Empire was the greatest empire Europe had ever seen. To control such a large empire, a strong military is required. The Roman Legion was one of the most effective and advanced armies in history and fulfilled its duty to protect the Roman Empire, its citizens, and its emperors for nearly five-hundred years. It successfully conquered England, Spain, France, Greece, and much of the Middle East and Africa. They were able to accomplish this feat through modernizing old-fashioned ways of thought on warfare.