In 44 BC Gaius Julius Caesar, the Roman leader who ruled the Roman Republic as a dictator was assassinated. Rome descended into more than ten years of civil war. After years of civil war, Caesar's heir Gaius Octavius (also known as Octavian) defeated his last rivals. In 27 B.C. the Senate gave him the name Augustus, meaning the exalted or holy one.
Pompey was in on the deal and he was supposed to take over. Caesar knew that if he entered the city of Rome without his troops he would be killed by Pompey and so he crossed the Rubicon with his troops and attacked Rome. He took over as a dictator for life and gained a lot of power. He was able to run a strong military and even though he was considered only a dictator he wrote laws that actually made him have the same powers as a king. The conspirators saw the problem that had arised and so they planned the murder of Caesar on the Ides of March.
Ancient Rome Rome was considerate as the most powerful of the ancient empire. 1For 2,000 years what had really captivate the historians, is the rise and fall of the Romans empire, including what they wore during this rime. Before becoming an Empire ruling by the Emperor Augustus around 27 B.C.E. - 476 C.E. Rome was a simple city ruling by king.
When he was old enough he was voted army commander by popular demand. For 17 years Hannibal devoted himself to conquering Rome, who conquered Iberia, crossed the Alps, and destroyed Roman armies in Italy; yet they were defeated and lost everything (Brooks). Hannibal Baraca was born in 247 B.C., to Hamilcar Baraca, the Carthaginian army commander from 251 B.C. to 228 B.C. As Hannibal grew older he watched his father, and his hatred for Rome, fight in the First Punic War.
Under his own initiative and expense... ... middle of paper ... ...nd, in a historic act of rebellion, crossed the Rubicon river into Rome, officially waging war against the City’s leaders. Caesar successfully defeated Pompey’s rule and, after spending a few years in Egypt and Asia, assumed the role of dictator of Rome. During his reign, Caesar enacted many new statutes, most notably citizenship reform, governmental expansion, and reorganization of the calendar. As Caesar appointed to himself even more dictatorial powers, both his enemies and allies became increasingly disenchanted. A conspiracy formed composed of Senators who planned Caesar’s assassination on the Ides of March 44 BC.
In 44 BC, a group of senators, including Caius Cassius and Marcus Junius Brutus, plotted his assassination. On the Ides (15th) of March 44 BC, when Caesar entered the Senate house, the group killed him. In Act 1 Scene 2 we see that Cassius is trying to persuade and manipulate Brutus into thinking that Julius Caesar is becoming too powerful and that he needs to be stopped before it is too late. He does this using many different techniques. Cassius is able to make Brutus ... ... middle of paper ... ...les of this when he is attempting to manipulate Brutus to join the conspiracy.
It is known that Caesar was educated by a man named Marcus Antonius Gnipho. In his late adolescence, he took up a political position during the Roman Civil Wars. He quickly learned to associate himself with the most powerful people of Rome; he would only marry Cornelia, “the daughter of the most powerful Roman of the era, the consul Lucius Cornelius Cinna”. Shortly after that, Lucius was killed by Sulla, the future “dictator” of Rome. Sulla demanded that Caesar divorce Cornelia; he refused, so Sulla stripped him of his priesthood of Jupiter and extracted his dowry from his marriage to Cornelia.
Hannibal would later be exiled and Carthage would never regain its former power. Hopelessly, the Carthaginians tried to stand up to Rome one last time in 151. The city was destroyed and its entire population sold as slaves. Throughout its early history Rome constantly came up new innovative ideas have the upper hand over its enemies. The Romans were a determined people that believed that ruling the world was their destiny and after the defeat of its’ greatest rival Carthage, they were now masters of the Mediterranean.
The empire lasted until Germanic invasions, economic decline, and internal unrest in the 4th and 5th centuries ad ended Rome’s ability to dominate such a huge territory. The Romans and their empire gave cultural and political shape to the subsequent history of Europe from the Middle Ages and the Renaissance to the present day. In 44 bc Gaius Julius Caesar, the Roman leader who ruled the Roman Republic as a dictator, was assassinated . Rome descended into more than ten years of civil war and political upheaval. After Caesar’s heir Gaius Octavius (also known as Octavian) defeated his last rivals, the Senate in 27 bc proclaimed him Augustus, meaning the exalted or holy one.
First at all, in 753 BCE, the two brothers Romulus and Remus founded Rome, which was the origin of Roman Empire. Similarly with the other state in the peninsula, Rome was a state of the monarchy and the first king of Rome was Romulus. The Italian peninsula was in a long warfare for hundred years between states and Latin communities. Not exclusively, enemies surrounded Rome and the small state did not seem likely to become a great empire later. However, Rome located on the seven hills and deeply inland, so it had great perspective over the enemies’ attacks.