Despite all effort on land, it was the fighting at sea that decided the outcome of the First Punic War. Drepana being the only naval battle of the war won by the Carthaginians did support this fact (Rickard, J) The battle at Drepana took place in 249 BCE between Rome and Carthage. Rome attacked Carthage outside of one of their last standing cities Drepana off the west Sicilian coastline. The battle was strategically mapped out by a Roman Commander, Consul Pulcher, who wanted to blockade the Carthaginian harbor in an effort to destroy their naval fleet. Carthage ultimately won this battle by placing their ships in a more strategic position than the Romans (Rickard, J).
First Punic War (264-241 B.C.) By 275 B.C.E Rome had conquered what is now Italy. Next Rome would use its resources to thwart any potential threats from the islands of Corsica, Sardinia, and Sicily. The first war started because of a fight between Roman and Carthaginian f over the city of Messina, Sicily. When the soldiers of Hiero II of Syracuse attacked the city they asked Rome and Carthage for help.
The first Punic War started with an offer by the locals in Messana for the Romans to benefit them in defeating the Carthaginians. Rome saw this as a good fighting chance to let off of the stretch of the Carthaginian Empire and to stop the possible attack on Italy. The Carthaginians were told that they must break off their invasion or war would be fulfilled. Carthage didn't listen so they left no choice but for Rome to declared war. Out of the multiple wars, the first battle was fought completely in Sicily in 263 BCE.
This war lasting 17 years, has often been called the “Hannibalic War,” One of the major exploits of this campaign was Hannibal’s decision to attack Rome from the north of Italy instead of the south. Hannibal was eventually defeated and rather than be captured he committed suicide. Carthage was also defeated weakening the state even more and increasing the Romans power. The third and Final Punic War was caused what some believe was war mongering by wealthy Roman senators with financial interests. Whatever the reason was, this war had a tragic outcome for Carthage ... ... middle of paper ... ... Sulla’s rule was significant partly due to the fact that he gained his position by a show of military force by marching his army into Rome and that once this power was gained he was granted the power of dictatorship.
When Hannibal realized that he could not efficiently surround Rome with Italian states, he spread the conflict hoping to spread Rome’s resources thin. Hannibal brought different countries into the war against Rome. The real blow to Hannibal came in 209 when the Romans took Carthage and forced Hasdrubal out of Spain. This cut his main supply route off. Hannibal learned of the defeat when Hasdrubal's head was thrown into his camp.
During this growing power, Rome began fighting other civilizations to expand its territory. Amongst these populations was Rome’s long time friend Carthage. Rome soon became greedy and made war on Carthage in the Second Punic War (Defusco). The Punic Wars lead Rome to gain territories along the Mediterranean basin. At the end of the Third Punic War, Rome defeated Carthage and became the major Mediterranean military power (Windows on Italy- History).
It started when the Mamertines, a group of former mercenaries, began to wage against Syracuse, an independent Greek city-state on the island. The Mamertines appealed to both the Romans and the Carthaginians for help. Carthage offered protection, but it was not enough for the Mamertines and so, the appealed to Rome. Rome sent troops to aid the Mamertines, who threw out their Carthaginian protectors. As a result, Carthage allied Syracuse, and the war began.
Rome had an advantage with their military force being stronger than ever. A few battles were fought to decide who was strongest. At first a peace treaty was agreed upon, but then the Romans increased their demands, wanting a total abandonment of Carthage. Facing these claims, Carthage renewed fighting, and soon entered a three year long siege. When the Romans finally breached the walls, one week of fighting occurred inside the walls of Carthage.
He used a ship from the ancient Greeks. Hamilcar pushed his forces to mass-produce these large ships, which he would use as battering rams against the Roman navy. This was a great disadvantage to the Roman navy. Soon the Romans came upon a wrecked Carthaginian ship. The Romans used th... ... middle of paper ... ...counters: A Brief Global History.
The first was the bitterness and anger of Hamilcar Barca at the end of the First Punic War when he was forced to surrender despite being undefeated in Sicily. The second factor, which Polybius tells us is the most important is the Roman seizure of Sardinia, while Carthage was still reeling form the result of the Mercenary Rebellion. The final reason that Polybius gives us is the fact that Carthaginian enterprise in to Spain was so successful. For these reasons Polybius tells us that Hamilcar Barca played an important role in bringing about the Second Punic War even though he died ten years before the actual war took place. What Polybius was saying was that the events of the First Punic War and the success in Spain distilled a hatred for Rome in the Carthaginian people but more importantly his son Hannibal.