It is time that we move to adopt a new paradigm as we realize the effects of modern agriculture on our environment, economic viability, and social justice issues, in light of the impending global food shortage. According to John Ikerd from the University of Missouri, traditional agriculturists currently foresee a continued trend toward fewer, larger, and more specialized production units. They see current trends continuing until a half-dozen or so multinational corporations control virtually all processing and distribution of agricultural commodities in a single global food and fiber market. With this movement continuing as it is now “there will be increasing reliance on biological technologies and information technologies at all levels within the global agricultural system. Forecasts of the continued industrialization of agriculture permeate both professional agricultural publications and the popular... ... middle of paper ... ...orld today.
Organic vs. Sustainable Agriculture Agriculture, to many is just an industry of farmers and cows. Most people can’t even come close to fathom just how essential the continuance of agriculture is to not just our well being, but our very lives. People of the United States have been spoiled, they’ve never had to worry about the grocery stores running empty because, even to this day, there hasn’t been a problem growing enough to feed, not only the U.S. but a good part of the world too. The day though is fast approaching that we won’t be able to keep those grocery stores stocked.
Wu, Jun Jie. ?Slippage Effects of the Conservation Reserve Program.? American Journal of Agricultural Economics. November 2000. 979-992.
Genetically Modified Crops For years farmers have fought pest, weeds, and diseases to grow crops. There have been many pesticides and herbicides used to help with these problems, only to find out later that they are damaging our environment and a health hazard to animals and humans. They are constantly searching for new ways to improve farming. Genetically engineered crops began in 1996 (Charmin 74-83). Genetically engineered crops appear to have minimal effects on the environment and humans, they produce larger yields of crops, and they could be the answer to world hunger.
Genetically Engineered Reaps: Impacts on Social Equity After over a whole decade since the first genetically modified crops were approved an increasingly fiercer debate has emerged as to whether the genetically engineered (GE) crops will promote the sustainability of agriculture. This debate shows no signs of ending with proponents emphasizing on the potential of the robust technology to promote productivity in the agricultural sector with the possibility of decreasing the utilization of the costly and environmentally hazardous inputs, as well as the potentiality of the technology to address the climatic conditions that are very dynamic and unpredictable. Though the implementation of this technology in future could come with a pack of benefits, there are a range of concerns that include the growing concentration of economic power in a few firms who control very sensitive intellectual assets, the risks of increasing unique life forms in the natural setting, the looming continuous decrease in the number of farms and the ethical issues concerning the control and manipulation of the forms of life. The vocabulary of sustainability is usually employed to in framing arguments that involve the well-being of mankind in the long run. The scientific investigation done in the past will help support the assertions that will be put forward by this paper.
404-422 James W. Richardson, David P. Anderson, Edward G. Smith, “Can We Save the Traditional Family Farm?” Agricultural and Food Policy Center, Department of Agricultural Economics. February 2001.
Washington, D.C.: World Resources Institute, 1997. Print. Shand, Hope. Human nature: agricultural biodiversity and farm-based food security. Ottawa: RAFI, Rural Advancement Foundation International, 1997.
Works Cited Bowman, Greg (1997). Steel In The Field-A farmerís guide to weed management tools. Sustainable Agriculture Network, USDA, National Agriculture Library, Beltsville, MD. Iowa State University (May 2002). Organic Agriculture.
Reganold, John P., Robert I. Papendick, and James F. Parr. "Sustainable Agriculture. "Scientific America (1990): 112-20. Web. Wender, Melanie J.
Community Supported Agriculture Walking through the aisles of many grocery stores, labels such as "organic," "all-natural," and "dairy-free" describe an ever-increasing number of products on the shelf. A growing interest in healthy eating has spurred the manufacture of these commodities, but they are often so highly priced that many of the shoppers cannot justify fitting the extra cost into their budgets. In addition, though these goods have been organically produced, they may have traveled long distances to reach the shelf, increasing price and reducing their freshness, not to mention the environmental damage caused by burning fossil fuels during transportation. As a consumer, I have been searching for ways to acquire what I need in the most ethical and ecological way possible. For example, though I like to eat bananas, I am aware of the great social and environmental injustices of banana plantations.