Both affect each other in many ways. For example, continues use of fertilizers currently causes of greenhouse emissions. This environmental problem can affect the agricultural field, because high concentration of carbon dioxide cause the leaf pore shrink and diminishing tree cooling power, this will resulting in decreasing crop production and at the same time global warming phenomenon. Besides, agriculture also has both harmful and beneficial effects on the environment by changing the quality and quantity of soil, water, air, biodiversity and landscapes. Farming is currently a main source of water pollution.
Soil pollution is when either a natural or chemical product is put into the soil and makes it unbalanced. This also affects the health of plants and other living organisms living on the soil. Soil pollution puts a halt to food production and adds hazardous factors to this industry too. How is this happening though? Farming is one of the top contributors to soil pollution.
I believe it was better for many reasons, including food production, more advanced tools and weapons, and the immense population increase, although people who believe that foraging was better did prove some valid points. Farming or agriculture was a major improvement over foraging. One noticeable difference in this time period was humans began using more complex tools to do more advanced techniques of farming. They also began domesticating plants and animals, this was one of the leading factors of the beginning of agriculture. This was a huge turning point for humans everywhere.
To improve efficiency hedges have been removed and this has reduced the amount of habitat available for wildlife. It has also increased soil erosion. The removal of hedges increases the area of land available for crops, destroys the habitat of predators and keeps the number of pests down. Monocultures are susceptible to pests and large amounts of pesticide have to be used. Farm animals can produce large quantities of organic effluent.
The agriculture industry experiences different challenges ranging from global to technological aspects. The global aspect is the most prominent challenges experienced and influenced by different factors such as dramatic economic growth in developing nations and urbanization resulting in more ‘consumers’ rather than ‘producers’. In addition, farm produced commodities are increasingly used as feed-stocks for bio-fuels in response to decreasing supply and increasing price of fossil fuels. Agriculture biotechnology organizations are committed to solve crop production problems and enhance agriculture productivity to sustainable levels to keep pace with the rapidly expanding global population. Multiple approaches have been utilized by these organizations to address these challenges and to date the two most significant are technological and scientific methods advancement.
The continued growth of agricultural land has resulted in the loss of habitat for many species. Another issue is the continuous growing of one crop or monoculture, for it depletes the soil of vital nutrients used for native plants and can spread diseases throughout the soil. Nutrients can take many years to fully regenerate after a farmer sells their land. Exfoliation of minerals and oil have also contributed to the destruction of the earth’s surface. Since the 1700s, natural habitats have been destroyed, and environments have been polluted due to industrial practices.
Impacts of Agricutlure on the Environemnt The negative environmental effects of agriculture – water and air pollution, loss of habitats and biodiversity, greenhouse gas emissions, and nutrient losses – have received major attention and continue to persist. Environmental concerns arise from many agricultural activities and sources including concentrated livestock production, pesticide and chemical use, deforestation, drainage of wetlands, soil erosion from cropland, and the use of fragile lands. Damage to Soil Soil erosion from farmland threatens the productivity of agricultural fields and causes a number of problems elsewhere in the environment. An average of 10 times as much soil erodes from American agricultural fields as is replaced by natural soil formation processes. Because it takes up to 300 years for 1 inch of agricultural topsoil to form, soil that is lost is essentially irreplaceable.
Although the Green Revolution was started to end world hunger and the disparity in developing countries, it caused other consequences which included population growth and changes in genetic diversity of certain plants and cultural lifestyles. This revolution introduced the use of new technology and many scientifically altered crops to the world. With the rise in food supply, the population increased and some countries weren’t as starving as before. But with the advancement in t... ... middle of paper ... ...tive mode of agricultural production. Other global environmental impacts from industrial agriculture include soil erosion, salinization and water logging from irrigation, surface and groundwater contamination from pesticides and fertilizers, and the loss of cultural and biological diversity.
For example, farming techniques which use earth-moving machines can appear effective for crop production, but will eventually damage the topsoil which thereby decreases crop productivity (McLaren, 1990). Erosion is a substantial contributor to deterioration of soil quality. Flood and furrow irrigation use a high influx of water to immerse the crop area.
Climate change is currently affecting agriculture because it is causing prolonged droughts, violent flooding, sea level to rise, and also health related issues. Droughts and flooding utterly affect agriculture because it damages cultivation since the amount of water applied to crops and farming is fundamental to the... ... middle of paper ... ...o climate change. All of these have caused an impact on the ability to produce crops and grow agriculturally. Climate change has been increasing the number of droughts, floods, health hazards of employees, natural disasters, and sea level elevations. All of these put in danger the crop productivity resulting in famines and food price increments.