Agriculture can be broadly termed as the scientific process of farming, that is, growing crops and raising livestock. It involves producing plant and animal-based products for the consumption of mankind. From the food on your plate to the clothes that you wear, all are end products of the agricultural system. Some of the major crops cultivated across the world are rice, wheat, maize, yam, sweet potato, potato, soybean, coffee, and tea.
The history of agriculture dates back to the beginning of human civilization, when people used to gather wild grains and raise cattle for milk and meat. In the 20th century, industrial agriculture came into existence, leading to large-scale cultivation of single crops to feed the growing population. By the time we entered the 21st century, modern technology had transformed the way agriculture was done. The advent of sophisticated farming tools, plant breeding, agrochemicals, etc., has resulted in high-yielding cultivation of crops.
When it comes to farming, there are four major types: shifting cultivation, subsistence farming, intensive farming, and organic farming. As the name suggests, shifting cultivation involves clearing a small area of forest land for cultivating crops and repeating the process once the soil becomes too infertile for cultivation. Subsistence farming is the process of growing crops for the personal use of the farmer and his family. Only the crops that are left over after personal consumption are sold in the market. Intensive farming involves generating maximum revenue by improving the yield of crops substantially through the use of fertilizers, pesticides, and other modern farming tools. Organic farming involves cultivating produce without the use of fertilizers and pesticides to reduce the harm caused to the environment by mass-scale farming projects.
Apart from farming, animal husbandry is a major part of agriculture. It involves raising cows, buffaloes, camels, goats, sheep, pigs, chickens, etc. to obtain milk, eggs, meat, fiber, and more. The commercialization of animal husbandry has raised serious ethical questions as several cases of use of growth hormones to maximize produce have surfaced.
Here are a few studies and research papers on agriculture to delve deeper into this practice:
Increase in Animal Agriculture Affect Economics? The growth of the world’s population has led to a growth in animal agriculture, because as population grows, the need for food does as well. Animal agriculture is the use of animal farms to produce animal products that are then consumed by the general public. As agribusiness expands, issues such as the need for farm insurance and animal rights have received more awareness. Modern day industrialism is being applied to animal agriculture in developed nations
Bethany Alvarez, 2/26/14 Modern American Agriculture: It’s Effects on Crops and Farmers Corn has always been an essential to American agriculture. Yet the corn grown by our ancestors is unlike the corn we grow today; corn has changed in its quality, quantity, usage, and its inherent compromise. The age of industrialization provided new technology and techniques for farming. Agriculture became modernized in response to increased demand in the job and food markets. However, farming is no longer a way
Agriculture is an important sector with more than 70% of the Indian population related to these profession and earns its live hood by agriculture and allied means of income. Moreover, the contribution of agriculture in growth of GDP is much more as compared to other sector. The sector faces major challenges of enhancing production in a situation of dwindling natural resources necessary for production. Farming Development issues forms an important agenda of the Government. However, the application
Agriculture is the refinement of animals, plants, fungi, and other life practices for food, fiber, biofuel, medicinal and other harvests used to endure and develop human life. Agriculture was the crucial expansion in the growth of sedentary human refinement, whereby farming of domesticated species produced food overages that cultivated the enlargement of the advancement of civilization. Agriculture is also known as the study of agricultural science. The history of agriculture ages way back thousands
The agriculture in Japan reflects what most of the country eats. According to the USDA, Japan primarily grows rice, wheat, barley and oats. Japan also contains pasture ground for animals. However, it is found that rice is the most important crop grown in Japan. Even though there is limited arable land in Japan, it is essential to the economy and population growth. Rice was introduced into Japan between the Final Jomon and the Early Yayoi Period, some scholars suggest that it could have been as early
Agriculture One face of agriculture that we see scatered throughout the news today is that of genetically modified foods. This has an impact on many different aspects of the agriculture world. From the seed dealer, to the farmer that buys the seed, to the elevator that the farmer sells to; all are affected by the new technologies that are involved in this part of production agriculture. Genetically modified foods have come under heavy fire lately. There are some countries that are against
Throughout many years, farming has impacted earth’s food supply. Farmers are the key to supplying food for earths’ outrageous population of 7.4 billion people. America has the greatest amount of farmers on earth that supply a large quantity of food for everyone. Iowa, just one of the top food producing states in America. The biggest question in the midwest for Iowan farmers is how do the change of seasons affect them? In Spring, Summer, Fall, and Winter Iowa farmers have to adapt to the change of
Agriculture: Food for Life In Genesis 1:29, God said, “I give you every seed-bearing plant on the face of the whole earth and every tree that has fruit with seed in it. They will be yours for food.” From the beginning God has given us food for life. Plants, meats, trees, and fruits are offered to us as a means of sustenance from the very same God who made them long ago. Farmers work hard every day to help sustain the lives of billions of people across the world by producing meats, fruits, vegetables
attempt to answer the question, “To what extent did Chinese agricultural reforms between 1978 and 1982 enable the success of the four modernizations?” Research will primarily be gathered on the nature of these reforms, how they compared to the agriculture policy of Mao during the Great Leap Forward and how Deng’s reforms enabled the possibility of economic growth and reform in the private sectors of China. Primary source such as official statistics of agricultural production kept in villages will