Substrate Concentration Lab Report

592 Words2 Pages

Thorough analysis of the graph displayed enough evidence suggesting that an increase in substrate concentration will increase the height of bubbles until it reaches the optimum amount of substrate concentration, resulting in a plateau in the graphs (figure 2). Hence; supported the hypothesis.

Acting as the controlled group to lessen the effects of all variables except the independent variable, at 0% concentration, the height of foam produced is 0 mm. Attributions to these results is because at 0% substrate concentration, no molecules were present to occupy all the available active sites. As an outcome, the final volume of oxygen is none since there were no collisions taken place between the enzymes and substrate. Therefore, prevented the number of collisions to reach the activation energy.

However, at 3% substrate concentration, the hydrogen peroxide decomposition showed an immediate peak of up to 3.8 mm in height. As the substrate concentration slowly increased, enzyme …show more content…

This evidence alone suggests that higher increases in substrate concentration causes smaller and smaller increases in enzyme activity. As substrate concentration increases further, some substrate molecules may have to wait for an active site to become empty as they are already occupied with a substrate molecule. So, the rate of the reaction starts to level off resulting in a plateau in the graphs. This means that the reaction is already working at its maximum rate, and will continue working at that rate until all substrates are broken down. The only way the reaction rate would increase, is if more enzyme was added to the solution. This confirms that increases in substrate concentration above the optimum does not lead to greater enzyme activity. Therefore, the rate of reaction is in proportion to the substrate

Open Document