Health promotion is a multifaceted movement with a core value on respect, empowerment, equity, inclusion and social justice (MacDougall 2002). Aims to achieve holistic health, while it is influenced by medical and social determinants. These determinants which aids to deter...
Health is an individual’s ability as well as communities to reach their potential. Health is not the absence of sickness, as measured by clinical presentations, but of a functioning sound body, soul and spirit. The World Health Organization defines health as an optimistic notion putting emphasis on social, personal means and physical capabilities (WHO, 1998). Health promotion practice has many phases that guide and ensure its effectiveness. It serves to prevent the development major health problems; this ideal also needs to be incorporated fused into nursing students’ learning curricula in order have a successful outcome. In addition, health promotion should also be included in the health program
M.R. has no acute health needs, but could benefit from some behavioral positive changes. Pender’s theory “focuses on health promoting behaviors” (Blais & Hayes, 2011, p. 125). If this theory is applied effectively, individuals will be able to identify their current behavior and barriers as well as transform their environment influenced by health professionals towards a more balanced and positive lifestyle and behaviors (Blais & Hayes, 2011, p. 126). This theory is composed by several elements. First, this model considers individual characteristics and experiences. This block is subdivided into the influence of prior related behaviors and personal factors including biologic, psychologic, and sociocultural factors (Blais & Hayes, 2011, p. 126). Secondly, this theory considers behavior-specific cognitions and affect. According to Blais and Hayes (2011) this block is subdivided into individual’s perceived benefits of action (individual’s experiences will affect their participation in health promotion), perceived barriers (imagined or real elements that decrease health-promoting behaviors), perceived self-efficacy (belief that someone can carry out the behavior to achieve a desired outcome), activity-related affect (subjective feelings before, during, or after an activity), interpersonal influences (family, friends, or health professionals), and situational influences (direct or indirect environmental elements that foster health-promoting behaviors) (pp. 126-128). Moreover, Pender’s theory observes the individual’s commitment to a plan of action and identification of specific strategies to carry out a health promotion plan (Blais & Hayes, 2011, p. 129). Finally, this theory observes the individual’s immediate competing demands (work or family responsibilities) and preferences (the individual can choose them and control them) (Blais & Hayes, 2011, p. 129). All the concepts
The health promotion is a key factor process of permitting people to increase control over their health status in order to improve it. It not only covers the actions directly aimed at increasing the skills and capabilities of individuals, but is also aimed at changing the social, environmental and economic issues that impact on healthy habits.
This paper intends to provide health promotion definition, explain the aims of health promotion in nursing , nursing roles and responsibilities evolving in health promotion, describes how to implement health promotion that includes all nursing areas and comparison of the three levels of health promotion.
Laying the Foundation for a Healthier Future Health promotion and teaching are important tools for nursing. By promoting health and health teaching, nurses can help lay the foundation for a healthier future. Major Concepts and Definitions Belief–a statement of sense, declared or implied, that is intellectually and/or emotionally accepted as true by a person or group. Attitude–a relatively constant feeling, predisposition, or a set of beliefs that is directed toward an object, a person, or a situation.
Whitehead, D., Wang, Y., Wang, J., Zhang, J., Sun, Z., & Xie, C. (2008). Health promotion and health education practice: nurses' perceptions. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 61(2), 181-187.
Parker M. E., & Smith M. C. (2010). Nursing theories and nursing practice (3rd ed.).