Neighbourhood Study

explanatory Essay
1189 words
1189 words

This Neighbourhood Study aims to examine the demographics of Hillingdon Primary Care Trust (HPCT) such as age, gender, ethnicity, social groups in relation to the prevention of obesity. An insight into the prevalence of obesity as well as the causes and its effects shall be evaluated. Public health strategies regarding the prevention of obesity and its effects in comparison to Government strategies shall be addressed. The nurse’s role as an educator in relation to this public health issue, strategies formulated by HPCT to prevent obesity and how it focuses on other diseases associated with obesity shall be discussed. The following section gives a definition of obesity, health education and health prevention.

The World Health Organization (WHO) (2010) defines obesity and being overweight as an abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair health. Body mass index (BMI) as Arterburn et al (2008) put forward is a measure of body fat based on height and weight and further suggest that any individual with a BMI of more than 30 is considered as obese. Tannahill et al (1999) advocate that health education could be viewed as communication activity aimed at enhancing positive health and preventing ill health in individuals and groups by influencing their beliefs, attitudes, and behaviour of persons with power and of the community. Butler et al (2008) defines health prevention as the measures for early detection of departure from good health. Whereas Heath (2002) concurs that the role and function of the nurse emphasise on health promotion and illness prevention, the Department of Health (2010) emphasises on the prevention of diseases, prolonging life and promoting health rather than treatment.

The main focus on prev...

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...blichealth/Healthimprovement/FiveADay/DH_4069867 [Accessed on 15/03/2011]

National Audit Office. (2007) Tackling obesity in children [online]. Available from: [Accessed on 15/03/2011].

National Institute of Clinical Health and Excellence. (2006) Obesity: The prevention, identification, assessment and management of overweight and obesity in adults and children [online]. Available from: [Accessed on 19/03/2011].

Sethi, J. K., Vidal-Puig, A. J., (2007). Targeting fat to prevent diabetes. Cell Metab. . 5 (5), 357-70.

Tannahill, A., Tannahill, C., & Downie, R. S. (1999) Health Promotion. Models and Values. Oxford University Press.

World Health Organisation.(2010) Obesity factfiles [online]. Available from: [Accessed on 19/03/2011].

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that baur, l. a., tackling obesity in children and adolescents, british medical journal.
  • Explains that the neighbourhood study examines the demographics of hillingdon primary care trust in relation to the prevention of obesity.
  • Explains butler, miller, perry, carnes, williams, t. f., cassel, c. and gibney, m. j.
  • Cites hillingdon nhs trust's report on making the city fit for the future: report of the obesity working group.
  • Cites national audit office, national institute of clinical health and excellence, and sethi, j. k., vidal-puig, a.
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