Medication errors occur when a healthcare professional performs an act that fails to achieve the intended goal or due to imperfect execution. Importance of reporting and monitoring medication errors There is a necessity to monitor medication errors as they are responsible for injury in 1 of 25 hospitalised patients. While the medication error rates in hospitals ranges from 4.4 to 59.1%, worldwide reporting of medication errors is less than 5%. A report from Institute of Medicine (IOM) “To err is Human: Building a safer health system” (Nov 1999) stated that 44,000 to 98,000 Americans die each year as a result of medication errors and it is the eighth leading cause of death among Americans. A comprehensive population based Harvard Medical Practice study reported that 4% of medication errors related injury resulted in prolonged hospital stay or disability.
The contracts may update professional services as it relates to a change in populations. The inclusion of a sub-acute unit that requires more advanced equipment, multiple medication changes, and an advanced emergency kit represents an update to professional services. 4 The role of the consultant pharmacist involves overseeing pharmaceutical services as well as evaluating and monitoring drug therapy of residents (Brown, 1988). The consultant pharmacist should have a written agreement or contract with the facility that outlines responsibilities and scope of service. The pharmacist coordinates pharmaceutical services in the pharmacy contract.
Unfortunately, the fear of medication errors that many patients have are not unfounded. Estimates range from 1.5 to 66 million patients a year have medication errors occur while they are in the care of health care professionals. Considering all of the technology we have at our finger tips today one would think that we would be beyond this magnitude of errors by now. However, you always have to account for the human element involved in all of these situations. I recently read an article trying to fully understand how we can eliminate as many medication errors as possible.
Other way the medicine is regarded as ineffective and treatment based on this medicine is not better than treatment via placebo (Wampold 2005). As follows placebo controlled studies are important part of pharmacological research because it emphasizes real treatment effect of developing medicaments and prevents releasing ineffective drugs for sale. The purpose of this project is to argue that placebo studies should be used in the health trials in pharmacological research because these studies determine the real treatment effect of a drug. The first section of this paper will briefly explain what "placebo" is , then clinical trials, based on this effect will be examined. Then, the importance of using placebo studies in medical research ... ... middle of paper ...
The Importance of Quality and Safety: The ideas of quality and safety are vital in the effort to reduce medication errors in hospital pharmacies. Joint Commission reported that 44,000 to 98,000 deaths occur annually as a result of medical errors (Longo, D., Hewitt, J.E., Ge, B., & Shubert, S., 2007). Of these flaws, sixty-seven percent (67%) can be attributed to medication inaccuracies (Kripalani, S., Roumie, C., Dalal, A., & PILL-CVD, 2012). More than half of these issues occur at the interface stage of care and continue during the discharge process (Kripalani, S., Roumie, C., Dalal, A., & PILL-CVD, 2012). On admission to the hospital, a list of the patient’s medications is analyzed and documented to increase quality throughout the consumers stay and safely provide any additional treatment needed.
Healthcare Revolves Around Drugs The study of pharmacy is just a window, a glimpse of the profession. You can then create a door that opens up to limitless possibilities with the ongoing healthcare changes from the help of instructors, preceptors, and medical experts. Their advice will help with your career plans and create a more defined path towards your main goal. Organization memberships, experience, and continuing-education courses will look good on your resume. There are many reasons why pharmacists stand out in healthcare and their significant roles in therapeutic outcomes.
However, not all military staff members followed the proper protocol. In recent years, the heads of injectors used during Vietnam were tested, and they were found to contain just enough traces of blood to transmit HCV (Dominitz et al., 2005). International Liver disease is the fifth largest cause of death in the UK. The main causes of liver disease are alcohol abuse, obesity and viral hepatitis. The health protection Agency (hpA) estimates that there are about 216,000 hepatitis C-positive people in the UK, however, only 85,000 people in England have been diagnosed and around 27,500 have received tr... ... middle of paper ... ...sonal The prognosis for hepatitis C seems to be very good.
What is pharmacist? Pharmacist is the vital part of the healthcare team who provides prescription medications to individuals. (Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2010-2011) Their responsibilities cover few essential areas. Firstly, the main role of a pharmacist is to dispense medicines to their patients according to the prescription given. Before this, they have to ensure that they delivering the right drug, the strength and dosage of the medicine are appropriate, as well as ensuring the medication is safety and can work effectively in the human body.
The World Health Organization (WHO) defines adherence as “the extent to which a person’s behaviour – taking medication, following a diet, and/or executing lifestyle changes, corresponds with agreed recommendations from a health care provider. 1” Improving a patient’s medical adherence requires effort from healthcare staff from multi-disciplinary. This report will focus on improving medication adherence in a pharmacy setting. Medication adherence is one of the obstacles to achieving desired clinical outcomes. Not only would nonadherence potentially harm an individual’s health, it also causes a huge financial burden on the NHS.