In contrast, children whose parents are less accepting are inclined to develop lower self-esteem and less self-control. Thus, they may behave when the parents are around (out of fear of punishment) but misbehave when on their own. The second dimension of parenting behavior is parental control, or strictness of parental standards. A parent who is moderately controlling sets high performance standards and expects increasingly mature behavior. A parent wh... ... middle of paper ... ... Harrison-Hale, A. O., McLoyd, V.C., & Smedley, B.
Four Styles of Child Rearing Permissive parents "are more responsive than they are demanding. They are nontraditional and lenient, do not require mature behavior, allow considerable self-regulation, and avoid confrontation" (Baumrind,1991, p.62). They allow their children to make too many decisions for themselves. Some of these parents believe that they have little control of their children?s behaviors. Authoritarian parents ?are obedienc... ... middle of paper ... ...ldren with early onset conduct problems.
Passive parenting style rarely discipline their children, as they hold low expectations of maturity and self control. According to Baumrind, permissive parents "are more responsive than they are demanding. They are nontraditional and lenient, do not require mature behav... ... middle of paper ... ...gone Medical Center (The Child Study Center) well adjusted children, particularly in terms of social competence (Gurian), have parents that practice an authoritative parenting style. Authoritative parents are able to apply rules and regulations, with emotional responsiveness and respect for their child’s independence. Authoritative and authoritarian parents hold high expectations of children.
With determination, strictness, and parental involvement, we find that these types of children receive the most out of their education. It is most intriguing to take a closer look at the strategies and the intellectual expectations of Chinese mothers from their children. As for Western parents their standards are not as strict, they may be high but not as high as the Chinese mothers. Western parents are more worried about their child’s self esteem and if the hurt there feeling or not. As far as the Chinese mothers’ ways of parenting being an effective way of parenting, I would have to say that it may be it is.
However, in this type of parenting style, authoritative parents are more responsive to their child, more willing to listen to questions and more forgiving rather than punishing when their child fail to meet expectations. These parents are more supportive, rather than punitive, also, they focus on making their child confident and socially responsible. (Baumrind, 1966). In authoritarian parenting style, children are expected to follow the strict rules and regulation established by the parents. The parents are too demanding and directive but not really responsive towards their children.
However, parents who are permissive have a more relaxed sense of control over their child’s schooling, which provides a supportive environment. When referring to studies on permissive parenting, the adolescent behaviors were considerably mixed between high self-confidence and added misbehavior, leaving no definitive result. These results show parenting styles can have a tremendous effect on children’s academic accomplishments and personal image (Newman. et
Thus, Allinsmith (1960) distinguishes two types of family disciplines: the corporal and the psychological. Sears, Maccoby & Levin (1963) distinguish between discipline based on the denial of tangible objects and discipline based on denial of affect, and Aronfreed (1976) differentiates between sensitization techniques based on the direct application of punishments and induction techniques based on the explanation of the possible consequences that the behavior carried out by the child may have for others. It can be concluded that parenting styles are the practices, techniques, strategies and forms of disciplines that people use in parenting. These styles include parenting guidelines and beliefs. Parenting styles are important because the way a parent interacts with their child lays the foundation for the child's social and emotional development and directly influences the child's personality
Other factors involving the psychosocial development of adolescents include varying parenting dimensions that could affect these developmental outcomes such as: demandingness (control) versus responsiveness (acceptance) and structure versus non-structure. Parenting styles and the role of parenting are all aspects in helping achieve optimal psychosocial development. The purpose of this paper is to examine how parenting styles influence psychosocial behavior in adolescents. Parenting Styles Diana Baumrind (1968) explains how parenting revolves around the idea of one parenting function: control. She describes three types of parenting typologies: authoritative, authoritarian, and permissive (Baumrind, 1968).
However, Children raised by authoritarian parents tend to have poor social skills, low self-esteem, and depression in the future. The effects of this parenting style are greatly negative. (“Consistent Parenting Advice.” 2009). Permissive parents have a much laid back approach. The child is encouraged to make his or her own decisions, and the parents are there to support those decisions regardless if they are right or wrong.
Parents are rated high in nurture and low in structure. They do not expect certain rules and rarely discipline their children. Permissive parents are easily manipulated, which in turn the children are allowed total freedom without repercussions. These parents offer their children unconditional love. The by-product of this parenting style is a demanding and difficult child, as well as someone who lacks empathy and kindness for others (Wentzel & Russell, 2009).