Thyroid Drugs are hormones used in the treatment of thyroid conditions such as hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, and cancer. Here are some drugs that are classified as thyroid drugs. Synthroid (levothyroid sodium) tablets are used to treat hypothyroidism. Synthroid is an oral administration that comes in 25, 50, 75, 88, 100, 112, 125, 150, 175, 200, and 300 mcg tablets. Synthroid tablets 25- 50ug PO qd dose is ion micrograms, not milligrams. Armour (thyroid desiccated) thyroid tablets are used in a natural preparation derived from porcine thyroid glands and it has a strong odor. The starting dose is 30 mg, but it comes in 15, 30, 60, 90, 120, 180, 240, and 300 mg tablets. Cytomel (liothyroinine sodium) tablets treats as replacement or supplemental therapy in patients with hypothyroidism. Cytomel comes in many strength like 5, 25, 50 mcg.
Radioactive iodine is the treatment that provides the best opportunity for permanently curing hyperthyroidism. Many times it is chosen after a patient has tried antithryoid medication or in a situation where a patient experiences hyperthyroidism again after part of the thyroid has been removed with surgery (Radioactive Iodine for Hyperthyroidism, 2011). Generally, a patient will have normal thyroid hormone levels eight to twelve weeks after receiving the radioactive iodine. In some cases, a patient may require more than one dose. Radioactive iodine is generally recommended for patients who have Grave’s disease and are over the age of fifty or if the patient has thyroid nodules. Radioactive iodine can not be used in patients who are pregnant, breastfeeding, or have thyroiditis (Radioactive Iodine for Hyperthyroidism, 2011).
Is consider an autoimmune disorder, because elevated enzyme (TPO) Thyroid Peroxidase which are thyroid follicle cells iodinates T4 and T3. TPO ends up attacking it self, resulting in inflammation which ends up damaging the thyroid gland. Primary hypothyroidism is also known Hashimoto disease. The primary hypothyroidism lead to Margie’s symptoms trouble concentrating, puffier face, and hot flashes. Considering all the things above, Margie will be treated with Levonthyroxine a thyroid replacement hormone. This thyroid replacement hormone will first be introduce with a low those, there after it will increase until she reaches normal T4 and TSH levels. The negative result of this medication is the increased risk of developing osteoporosis. Therefore Margie should eat high calcium diet with calcium and vitamin D
The function of the thyroid gland is to take iodine, found in many foods, and convert it into thyroid hormones: thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). Thyroid cells are the only cells in the body which can absorb iodine. These cells combine iodine and the amino acid tyrosine to make T3 and T4. T3 and T4 are then released into the blood stream and are transported throughout the body where they control metabolism (conversion of oxygen and calories to energy). Every cell in the body depends upon thyroid hormones for regulation of their metabolism. The normal thyroid gland produces about 80% T4 and about 20% T3, however, T3 possesses about four times the hormone "strength" as T4 (Rehan, 2013).” The thyroid produces triiodothyronine (T3), and thyroxine (T4), which determine how the body uses energy also known as “metabolism”. “Graves' results from the produ...
This disease is the most common case of hyperthyroidism or an overactive thyroid. As mentioned before hyperthyroidism is the excessive production of thyroid hormones, “the cause of overproduction of hormones stems from the body’s immune system attacking the thyroid gland,” (Toft, 2014) which is responsible for metabolism. This disease is not seen in random cases it is hereditary meaning it is passed on from family member’s, however women are more likely to develop it then men. Some of the symptoms are fatigue, difficulty sleeping, bulging eyes and excessive sweating to name a few. Since most of the symptoms are visible, like the enlarged thyroid and the bulging eyes a routine physical exam is more than enough to diagnose a patient. Unfortunately, for the people diagnosed with this disease there is no treatment capable of hindering the thyroid gland from over producing hormones. While Graves’ disease is not treatable, some combinations of drugs can control the
It is very important to take absolutely precise dosage of this medicine. No less and certainly no more. Even if a person misses a dose, the next dose should be taken at the correct time according to the schedule and in the same quantity as prescribed.
Pharmacokinetics Topical application of metronidazole is more prolonged.Oral metronidazole is topical application is less complete and more prolonged. After administration, T-Max is 1 to 2 hrs, and C-max is 25 mg/mL. Oral bioavailability is not affected by intake of food but serum levels will be delayed to 2 h. After administration
If your doctor prescribed it once a day take it in the morning time to prevent nocturia ( night time urination) or if doctor prescribed more than 1 dose take your last dose around 2 0 clock as thia medication increases the times to go to toilet. Taking it in day time decrease the chance of sleep disturbance.