The purpose for colonizing North America was for expansion of territory, trade, and assimilation. The rise of colonialism in North America began after Spain sent Columbus to Asia but discovered the Americas in 1492. Spain created and maintained the first colonies for nearly 400 years followed by France then England. Spain had absolute monarchy over its colonies with the King taking complete control. France used their colonization for trade and England used the charter system to set up their colonies (Carney, 2013).
Religion played an integral role in the development and culture of the Spanish, French, and British colonies and extended into their relations to Indians. While many settlers sincerely wanted to convert the Indians to Christianity, there were settlers who used religion as a tool to both control and civilize Indians. The Indians who were exposed to the practices of conversion had experienced both suffering and benefitting from their relations with colonists. Throughout the early history of the colonization of New World, witchcraft had also figured into the religious observations of the groups that had led groups of settlers into a state of hysteria and panic which was indirectly related to their relations with the Indians.
The slaves of the British American colonies were mainly from African west coast. It is important to note that slavery was present in African communities long before white traders sent African slaves to Europe and America. Slaves in Africa were those tribal people captured in confrontations between tribes and sold to Arab traders.
In this paper we will be talking about how Spain and Portugal conquered the Americas, their relationship between the economy, their education system, and their present day relationship. Throughout the paper you will start to realize that Spain and Portugal are very similar countries, maybe due to the fact that they’re both European counties. They have the same educational system, and government system. Spain and Portugal have a long history; they go all the way back to the1492 .Which is when Columbus first started his voyage to explore the West, which ended up in an argument over the land. Spain and Portugal worked as a team to conquer the Americas. In today’s world Portugal and Spain work together when it comes to drug trafficking and forest fires. They also seem to be good allies to one another, they share the same currency and both have high unemployment percentage.
The Roman Catholics were one of the first Europeans to disembark in the New World. In addition, there were the Spanish Catholics. There were two missionary efforts of the Spanish that attempted to convert the Native Americans to Christianity. One of their attempts revolved around the priests and their ability to spread the faith. This attempt did not work for several years, until finally, in 1595, the Franciscans were able to progress with their plans. Furthermore, another attempt was when the Spanish used force to enforce their Christian belief. They were outnumbered by the Indians and therefore brought weaponry and soldiers to keep them at bay. Their reason behind the missionary efforts was that they were ordered to spread Christianity to the Native Americans by a holy spirit.
The first real country to colonize the Americas, aside from the Norse colony Vinland that traded with the Native Americans (Goldfield, 15), were the Spanish. The Spaniards primary goal in colonization of this world was the idea of “Reconquista”, or the conversion of heathens, namely the natives, to Christianity. They believed they had “religious justification for conquest” (Goldfield,
Portuguese and a few of Spanish people started the slave trade, which the African slaves was taken to the American colonies. Slaves were sold at a slave market, which shows in Source A. In Source B, it shows the cost of the slaves during the period of 1804 to 1861, this proves that the slavery is really a good business at that time. In Africa the slave trade let to the creation of powerful West African kingdoms, profited from selling slaves to the Europeans. In Britain, 12, 000 boats travelled with 2, 600 000 slaves as well as in Holland wherein 2000 boats travelled with 500, 000 slaves in
The Spanish, and English each had own their motivations to settle the new colonies. Although diverse, consistencies can be seen with regard to specific nations and their individual motivations behind the colonization of America. With its diverse landscape and virtually untapped resources, America stood as both a beacon of prosperity and a landscape of challenges needing to be overcome.
There are many different factors that make up the motivation of the colonization of British North America in the Seventeenth century. Throughout the documents, there are a few words that come to mind time and time again when thinking about the English and French. Some of these words are greedy, adventurous, and religious. The English and French have many differences in the way they wanted their societies to be, and how they controlled the societies.
Slavery has been around since Christopher Columbus's exploration. One thing that many people do not realize is that slaves were sold by their own people in the beginning. African Americans were sold by other superior African Americans, just as Native Americans were. Black slavery evolved in the Chesapeake Bay area during the 1800's. However, the earliest Africans in America were not slaves. The Africans were indentured servants. An indentured servant was a person that was between a slave and a freed men. Before the rise of indentured servitude, a huge demand for labor existed in the colonies to help construct settlements, harvest, and serve as tradesmen. Indentured servants was a good idea for America colonists because there was a need for cheap labor. Africans agreed to become a servant for exchange of costs paid to enter British North America. The
The English began colonizing North America for economic, social, and religious reasons. In the 1600s, there were many tensions rising in England. There were disputes over land. At the time, there was simply not enough land to sustain the population. During this time, many people were also looking to move up in social status. They were no longer satisfied with where they were. There was also mounting religious conflict during this time. England implemented a nationwide religious policy. Many people disagreed with forcing a religion on people; therefore, they chose to leave England in search for religious freedom. For these reasons, people chose to migrate to North America.
The Spaniards arrived at the Americas prior to the English. The Spanish mainly wanted to explore in the first place because after the Black Death, the population increased, and thus, so did the frequency of commerce. There was a sudden new interest in new products and the new strong monarchs who sponsored the journeys wanted to be more affluent. Therefore, explorers such as Christopher Columbus attempted to go west to target Asia. However, he ended up on Cuba and called the natives Indians. The Spanish soon started to consider the Americas less of a blockage and could now see it as a source of resources. In 1518, Cortes arrived into Mexico with his group of conquistadors, or conquerors, which is a proper name because the men after gold exterminated native areas using their military skills, brutality and greed to turn the Southern America into a vast Spanish empire. The smallpox the Spanish unknowingly carried also helped wipe many people out. When they saw the religious ceremonies of the Aztecs that produced many skulls, they thought of these people as savages and not entirely human. This of coarse was quite hypocritical because the Spanish have killed before during the Inquisition for their faith. It was this contempt that made them think it was all right to slaughter the natives. Spanish colonies were established when conquistadors had gotten a license to finance the expedition from the crown to fixture encomiendas. These encomiendas were basically Indian villages that became a source of labor. The Spanish dreamed of becoming wealthier from South America, but they also wanted a profitable agricultural economy and to spread their Catholic religion (the Pueblo Indians converted to Christianity), which became very important in the 1540s.
Reaching towards the peak of trade, Europe faced difficulties in trading with Asia due to sections of multiple trade routes being dominated by Muslims. This meant that men were lost and it took a great amount of time to be able to give and receive the products being traded. This was when Christopher Columbus proposed a solution, believing that a route which sailed west through the Atlantic Ocean, would be a much safer and faster way of trading with Asia.
Many of Africans that were brought into slavery were from the western and central part of Africa. These Africans were enslaved by either other western Africans or western Europeans, who were then sold and most commonly shipped off to the newly discovered parts of the world such as the Caribbean, Brazil, and America. Slaves were brought into the Caribbean and Brazil mostly for the sugar industry in which they would plant, harvest and process the sugar ten out of twelve months of the year working days as long as thirty five hours. While in America they were used for housework, skilled trades work and on occasion as sailors but the majority worked as agricultural Laborers for tobacco, sugar, cocoa and cotton plantations.